Dates of operation and peak numbers employed in selected Edinburgh sandstone quarries

From Earthwise
Jump to navigation Jump to search

From: McMillan, A.A., Gillanders, R.J. and Fairhurst, J.A. 1999 Building stones of Edinburgh. Edinburgh: Edinburgh Geological Society.


Quarry Date of earliest reference Peak numbers employed when published Remarks – date of last reference (Quarry List/Directory)
Craigmillar, Edinburgh(at least 4 quarries) 1374 (Craigmillar Castle) 1531(Edinburgh Castle) 21 (1937) Intermittent after 1906; some quarries malted; Hawkhill Wood worked1922-40
Craigton, Philpstoun, West Lothian 1890 One of the quarries worked until 1933
Cullalo, Fife (several quarries) 1822 50(1898) Intermittent; last 1948
Dalmeny, Queensferry 1874 Said to be "practically worked out" 1892
Darney, West Woodburn, Northumberland 1910 85 (1937) 1948
Denwick, Alnwick, Northumberland 1895 80(1902) 1937
Doddington, Wooler, Northumberland 1887 30(1911-12) Still listed 1973
Dullatur, Kilsyth 1860s 71 (1903) As stone quarry stopped1920s sand quarry into 1930s
Dunhouse, Staindrop, County Durham Early 1900s Active
Dunmore, Stirling Pre-1855 55 (1895) Closed after 1906; new Dunmore Quarry opened 1985.
Fordell, Fife 1878 15 (1907) Only listed one year in Quarry Returns
Gatelawbridge, Dumfries & Galloway c. 17th century 108 (1905) After 1912 intermittent until1925; Newton Quarry re-opened 1986
Grange, Burntisland, Fife 1837 110 (1902) 1914
Granton, Edinburgh(several quarries, e.g. 2 in 1858) 1531; 1831 (Granton Point) 19 (1902): Pennywell; 23 (1922): Royston "Granton Point" flooded1855; Pennywell Parks 1903; Royston 1925
Gunnerton, Northumberland 1885 70 (1897) 1914; intermittent after 1909
Hailes, Edinburgh Early 1600s 225 (1899) Building stone to 1920; mudstone to 1943-44
Hermand, West Calder, West Lothian 1883 14 (1896) 1896
Heworthburn, Felling, Tyne and Wear 1831 55 (1913) Active
Hopetoun White, Hopetoun Wood, West Lothian (3 quarries operated simultaneously) 1697 27 (1902) 3 quarries at times; little work after 1908
Humble, Winchburgh, West Lothian 1791 80 (1835) 2 quarries 1858; not working 1869 (flooded)
Lazonby, Penrith(several quarries) Pre-1900 Active
Locharbriggs, Dumfries& Galloway c. 1700 267 (1899) Active
Longannet, Stirlingshire 1791 155 (1910 1910
Maidencraig, Edinburgh(Blackhall) 1628 In use late 18th century; flooded by 1855
Moat, Longtown 1856 61 (1898) 1918
Newbigging, 1856 30 (1896) Intermittent after 1914;
Burntisland, Fife closed 1937; re-opened 1980
Pasturehill, 1909 40 (1911) 1914
Northumberland
Plean, Stirlingshire (several quarries) 1885 (said to have opened about 1860) 31 (1902) 1912
Polmaise, Stirling 1877 (said to have opened about 1860) 38 (1897) after 1910; closed after 1931
Prudham, Fourstones, Northumberland 1850 106 (1896, 1904, 1907) 1914
Purdovan, Northumberland 1891 not listed 1895
Ravelston, Edinburgh(several quarries) 1511 28 (1920) Ravelston No. 2 last listed 1939
Redhall, Edinburgh (2 quarries latterly) 1657 15 (1834) Intermittent to last building, 1876; used in Meadows Pillars 1886; not listed 1895
Sands, Kincardine, Stirling 1835 5 (1899) 1899
Springwell, Gateshead, Tyne and Wear 1872 53 (1931) Active
Stainton, Durham(several quarries) 1858 8 (1937) Active
Stancliffe, Darley Dale, Matlock Worked for at least 100 years Active


Stanton Moor (Palmers Quarry), Stanton-in- Peak 1945 Re-opened 1983; active
Stoke Hall, Grindleford, Derbyshire 1835 Active
Swinton, Greenlaw, Berwickshire 1791 11 (1901) 1920
Wellfield, West Yorkshire 1901 52 (1925) Active
Woodburn, Northumberland 1886 (said to have been introduced about 1882) 66 (1900) 1908; then said to have been intermittent until 1922
Woodkirk, Morley Yorkshire Worked since the 1930s Active
Little-known early Edinburgh quarries
Quarry Date of earliest reference Date of last reference Remarks
Barnbougle 1535
Bearford's Quarries (Nor Loch) 1701 1770
Broughton 1622
Cramond 1535 1536
Leith Hill 1529 1529
Niddrie 1529 1536 Standing 1839; open 1858; not listed 1895
Quarry Close 1734 Reference to 7 years' lease
Quarry Holes Very early 1677 disused
St Cuthbert's 1615 1786
Salisbury (Camstone & Dolerite) 1529 1821
"Society" (possibly one of the Greyfriars Port quarries) 1533 1654 20 men and labourers in 1632
Stenhouse (Liberton) 1531 1532
Wardie 1657 1657