John William Salter A.L.S., F.G.S.

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Timeline[edit]

Date Details
1820 Born December 15th. Educated at private boarding-school.
1835 Apprenticed as natural history draughtsman to James de Carle Sowerby. Assisted with plates for “Mineral Conchology”.
1836-1837 1st paper “On the habits of Insects”.
1842-1846 Worked for Sedgwick at the Woodwardian Museum.
1846 Appointed to post on Geological Survey under E. Forbes.
1854 Became Palaeontologist to the Survey.
Distinguished for knowledge of Palaeozoic Invertebrata and especially for researches on Trilobites.
>30 papers in Journal Geological Society, also Geological Magazine,
Contributions to Survey Memoirs and a Monograph on Trilobites.
1863 Resigned from Survey.
1865 Received Wollaston Fund.
1869 Died.

Biographies and obituaries[edit]

Details Huxley, T.H. Obituary - John William Salter, A.L.S., F.G.S. [In Anniversary Address.]. Proceedings of the Geological Society in Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society. v. 26 p.xxxvi-xxxix. 1870

Geological Magazine (1869) p. 477

H.B. Woodward, History Geological Society p. 152.

John William Salter — Wikipedia article

John W. Salter: the rise and fall of a Victorian palaeontological career Archives of Natural History, Volume 1985 Issue 1, Page 61-75;, ISSN 0260-9541 (https://doi.org/10.3366/anh.1985.007)

Publications[edit]

Memoirs: No. 2 Trilobites (1849) with E. Forbes.

Memoirs: No. 5 Echinodermata (1856) with Forbes and S.P. Woodward.

Memoirs: No. 7 Trilobites (1853).

Memoirs: No. 11 Trilobites (1864) with C.W. Thomson.

Monographs: No.1 On the genus Pterygotus (18590 with T.H. Huxley.

Lists of fossils in: Edinburgh (1861); Peebles (1869); East Berwick (1873).

Works listed in the BGS Library catalogue

Salter, J.W. (1853). Acidaspis jamesii; Acidaspis bispinosus. Memoirs (Palaeontology) of the Geological Survey of UK: Figures & Descriptions of British Organic Remains Decades ; Figures and descriptions illustrative of British organic remains, Decade 7 (Trilobites) (1853).

Salter, J.W. (1853). Aeglina mirabilis; Aeglina sp; Aeglina major. Memoirs (Palaeontology) of the Geological Survey of UK: Figures & Descriptions of British Organic Remains Decades ; Figures and descriptions illustrative of British organic remains, Decade 7 (Trilobites) (1853).

Salter, J.W. (1849). Asaphus tyrannus. Memoirs (Palaeontology) of the Geological Survey of UK: Figures & Descriptions of British Organic Remains Decades ; Figures and descriptions illustrative of British organic remains, Decade 2 (Trilobites of the genera Phacops, Illaenus, Asaphus, Ogygia, Calymene, and Ampyx) (1849).

Salter, J.W. (1849). Calymene tuberculosa. Memoirs (Palaeontology) of the Geological Survey of UK: Figures & Descriptions of British Organic Remains Decades ; Figures and descriptions illustrative of British organic remains, Decade 2 (Trilobites of the genera Phacops, Illaenus, Asaphus, Ogygia, Calymene, and Ampyx) (1849).

Salter, J.W. (1853). Cheirurus bimucronatus. Memoirs (Palaeontology) of the Geological Survey of UK: Figures & Descriptions of British Organic Remains Decades ; Figures and descriptions illustrative of British organic remains, Decade 7 (Trilobites) (1853).

Salter, J.W. (1853). Cyphaspis megalops. Memoirs (Palaeontology) of the Geological Survey of UK: Figures & Descriptions of British Organic Remains Decades ; Figures and descriptions illustrative of British organic remains, Decade 7 (Trilobites) (1853).

Salter, J.W. ; Woodward, H. (1865). A descriptive catalogue of all the genera and species contained in the accompanying Chart of the fossil Crustacea, showing the range in time of the several orders : with some recent types. London : J. Tennant.

Salter, J.W. ; Woodward, S.P. (1856). Diadema pseudodiadema (with notes on British fossil diademas by SP Woodward). Memoirs (Palaeontology) of the Geological Survey of UK: Figures & Descriptions of British Organic Remains Decades ; Figures and descriptions illustrative of British organic remains, Decade 5 (Echinodermata of the orders Asteriadae and Echinidae) (1856).

Salter, J.W. (1856). Echinopsis rotata. Memoirs (Palaeontology) of the Geological Survey of UK: Figures & Descriptions of British Organic Remains Decades ; Figures and descriptions illustrative of British organic remains, Decade 5 (Echinodermata of the orders Asteriadae and Echinidae) (1856).

Salter, J.W. (1856). Echinus perlatus. Memoirs (Palaeontology) of the Geological Survey of UK: Figures & Descriptions of British Organic Remains Decades ; Figures and descriptions illustrative of British organic remains, Decade 5 (Echinodermata of the orders Asteriadae and Echinidae) (1856).

Aveline, W.T. ; Salter, J.W. (1859). Explanation of horizontal sections, Sheets 50 & 51. (Geol Surv G B Explan Horiz Vert Sect). London : HMSO.

Salter, J.W. ; Forbes, E. (1849-1875). Figures and descriptions illustrative of British organic remains, Decade 2 (Trilobites of the genera Phacops, Illaenus, Asaphus, Ogygia, Calymene, and Ampyx). In: Memoirs (Palaeontology) of the Geological Survey of UK: Figures & Descriptions of British Organic Remains Decades. London : HMSO. 38.

Forbes, E. ; Salter, J.W. ; Woodward, S.P. (1849-1875). Figures and descriptions illustrative of British organic remains, Decade 5 (Echinodermata of the orders Asteriadae and Echinidae). In: Memoirs (Palaeontology) of the Geological Survey of UK: Figures & Descriptions of British Organic Remains Decades. London : HMSO. 57.

Salter, J.W. (1849-1875). Figures and descriptions illustrative of British organic remains, Decade 7 (Trilobites). In: Memoirs (Palaeontology) of the Geological Survey of UK: Figures & Descriptions of British Organic Remains Decades. London : HMSO. 78.

Salter, J.W. (1849-1875). Figures and descriptions illustrative of British organic remains, Decade 11, Trilobites (chiefly Silurian). In: Memoirs (Palaeontology) of the Geological Survey of UK: Figures & Descriptions of British Organic Remains Decades. London : HMSO. 78.

Geikie, A. ; Salter, J.W. (1863). The geology of eastern Berwickshire (map 34) (with list of fossils by JW Salter) Mem Geol Surv G B (Scotl) (Sheet) (Edinburgh). (Memoir (Sheet) Geological Survey of GB (Scotland)). Edinburgh : HMSO.

Ramsay, A.C. ; Salter, J.W. ; Etheridge, R. ; Museum of Practical Geology (1881). The geology of North Wales. 2nd ed.. (Memoir (District) Geological Survey of GB; 3). London : HMSO.

Ramsay, A.C. ; Salter, J.W. ; Museum of Practical Geology (1866). The geology of North Wales. (Memoir (District) Geological Survey of GB; 3). London : HMSO.

Hull, E. ; Salter, J.W. ; Museum of Practical Geology (1862). The geology of the country around Bolton-le-Moors, Lancashire (sheet 89SE...). (Memoir (Sheet) Geological Survey of Great Britain (England & Wales) - Old Series). London : HMSO.

Hull, E. ; Salter, J.W. ; Museum of Practical Geology (1864). The geology of the country around Oldham, including Manchester and its Suburbs (sheet 88SW...). (Memoir (Sheet) Geological Survey of Great Britain (England & Wales) - Old Series). London : HMSO.

Hull, E. ; Salter, J.W. ; Museum of Practical Geology (1862). The geology of the country around Wigan (...89SW...). 2nd ed. (Memoir (Sheet) Geological Survey of Great Britain (England & Wales) - Old Series). London : HMSO.

Howell, H.H. ; Geikie, A. ; Salter, J.W. (1861). The geology of the neighbourhood of Edinburgh (map 32) (with appendix and list of fossils by JW Salter) Mem Geol Surv G B (Scotl) (Sheet) (Edinburgh). (Memoir (Sheet) Geological Survey of GB (Scotland)). Edinburgh : HMSO.

Salter, J.W. (1849). Illaenus barriensis. Memoirs (Palaeontology) of the Geological Survey of UK: Figures & Descriptions of British Organic Remains Decades ; Figures and descriptions illustrative of British organic remains, Decade 2 (Trilobites of the genera Phacops, Illaenus, Asaphus, Ogygia, Calymene, and Ampyx) (1849).

Salter, J.W. (1849). Ogygia buchi. Memoirs (Palaeontology) of the Geological Survey of UK: Figures & Descriptions of British Organic Remains Decades ; Figures and descriptions illustrative of British organic remains, Decade 2 (Trilobites of the genera Phacops, Illaenus, Asaphus, Ogygia, Calymene, and Ampyx) (1849).

Salter, J.W. (1849). Ogygia portlockii. Memoirs (Palaeontology) of the Geological Survey of UK: Figures & Descriptions of British Organic Remains Decades ; Figures and descriptions illustrative of British organic remains, Decade 2 (Trilobites of the genera Phacops, Illaenus, Asaphus, Ogygia, Calymene, and Ampyx) (1849).

Phillips, J. ; Salter, J.W. (1848). Palaeontological appendix to Professor John Phillips' Memoir on the Malvern Hills compared with the Palaeozoic districts of Abberley etc. In: Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, and the Museum of Practical Geology in London, Vol.II, Part I. (Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, and the Museum of Practical Geology in London; 2/1). London : HMSO. 331-386.

Salter, J.W. (1849). Phaops caudata. Memoirs (Palaeontology) of the Geological Survey of UK: Figures & Descriptions of British Organic Remains Decades ; Figures and descriptions illustrative of British organic remains, Decade 2 (Trilobites of the genera Phacops, Illaenus, Asaphus, Ogygia, Calymene, and Ampyx) (1849).

Salter, J.W. (1856). Pygaster semisulcatus. Memoirs (Palaeontology) of the Geological Survey of UK: Figures & Descriptions of British Organic Remains Decades ; Figures and descriptions illustrative of British organic remains, Decade 5 (Echinodermata of the orders Asteriadae and Echinidae) (1856).

Salter, J.W. (1853). Remopleurides colbii; Remopleurides laterispinifer; Remopleurides dorsospinifer. Memoirs (Palaeontology) of the Geological Survey of UK: Figures & Descriptions of British Organic Remains Decades ; Figures and descriptions illustrative of British organic remains, Decade 7 (Trilobites) (1853).

Salter, J.W. (1853). Phacops downingiae. Memoirs (Palaeontology) of the Geological Survey of UK: Figures & Descriptions of British Organic Remains Decades ; Figures and descriptions illustrative of British organic remains, Decade 7 (Trilobites) (1853).

Salter, J.W. (1853). Trinucleus lloydii. Memoirs (Palaeontology) of the Geological Survey of UK: Figures & Descriptions of British Organic Remains Decades ; Figures and descriptions illustrative of British organic remains, Decade 7 (Trilobites) (1853). British Geological Survey ; Howell, H.H. ; Salter, J.W. (Sept[embe]r 1861). Sheet 41 [solid] [North Berwick]. [Solid ed.]. (Geological Survey of Scotland 1:63 360/1:50 000). Southampton : Ordnance Survey for the Geological Survey.

Salter, J.W. (1853). Sphaerexochus mirus. Memoirs (Palaeontology) of the Geological Survey of UK: Figures & Descriptions of British Organic Remains Decades ; Figures and descriptions illustrative of British organic remains, Decade 7 (Trilobites) (1853).

External publications[edit]

Salter, J.W. (1864-1866). A monograph of British trilobites. London.

Salter, J.W. (1860). On new fossil crustacea from the Silurian rocks. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History Vol. 5 pt/no 27 (1860) p. 153-164 (1860) ; p. 153-164.

Salter, J.W. (1857). On some new Palaeozoic star-fishes. Annals and Magazine of Natural History Vol. 20 (1857) p. 321-334 (1857) ; p. 321-334.

Salter, J.W. (1863). On the Upper Old Red Sandstone and Upper Devonian rocks. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society Vol. 19 (1863) p. 474-496 (1863) ; p. 474-496.

Salter, J.W. ; Blanford, H.F. ; Strachey, R.E. (1865). Palaeontology of Niti in the Northern Himalaya : being descriptions and figures of the Palaeozoic and secondary fossils collected by Colonel Richard Strachey, descriptions by J.W. Salter and H.F. Blanford. Calcutta : O.T. Cutter.

Morris, S.F. ; Salter, J.W. A review of British trilobites including a synoptic revision of Salter's monograph : Monographs of the Palaeontographical Society 140(574) 1988 316p,ill.

McCoy, F. ; Griffith, R.J. ; Salter, J.W. (1862). A Synopsis of the Silurian fossils of Ireland. London : Williams & Norgate.

BGS archives[edit]

Ref No Title Description
GSM/DC/A/C/6/138 J W Salter: Letter accepting appointment.
GSM/DC/A/C/7/245-247 R I Murchison: Memoranda. Mr. Salter's boxes.
GSM/DC/A/C/7/250 J W Salter: Letter of resignation.
GSM/DC/A/C/7/250-252 R I Murchison: Letters. Staff. Salter's resignation.
GSM/DC/A/C/7/497 J W Salter: Letter to T. Reeks
GSM/DC/A/C/8/69 T H Huxley: Letters to and from J.W. Salter.
GSM/DC/A/C/8/69-70 J W Salter: Letters to H.T. Huxley.
GSM/DC/A/C/12/171 J W Salter: Letter of re-application
GSM/DC/A/C/13/136 J W Salter: Letter about a pay rise.
GSM/DC/A/C/14/2 J W Salter: Letter of appointment.
GSM/DC/A/C/15/185 J W Salter: Letter about his 'memoir'
GSM/DR/Mu/A/2 Loose correspondence with range of officers and geologists including R.Hunt, R.Lowe, C.W.Peach, Salter, T.Reeks (54 in guardbook) and others
GSM/DR/Ra/A/2 Correspondence of A.Ramsey in various matters. Includes letters to Aveline (396), W.H.Baily, H.T.De la Beche, H.B.Donnelly, J.B.Jukes, Murchison, B.N. Peach, T.Reeks, F.W.Rudler and J.W.Salter.
GSM/GL/Bo C.R.Bone Charles Bone joined the Survey as Artist in 1845. In 1849 De la Beche initiated a series of publications known as 'Decades' - 'Figures and Descriptions of British Organic Remains'. Each part contained 10 plates which were initially engraved onto copper but later lithographed. The first five of these were written by Edward Forbes and published between 1849 and 1856. Salter also published three Decades on Trilobites.Huxley produced two on Fossil Fishes. Bone and W.H.Baily were employed to draw the illustrations for these.
GSM/GL/Fb/3 Correspondence with other geologists: W.H.Baily, P.H.Gosse, J.W.Salter, C.Stokes and others.
GSM/GL/Sl J.W.Salter John William Salter was appointed as Assistant to Edward Forbes in 1846 and became Palaeontologist in 1854 when Forbes died. He was also responsible for palaeontological work in Ireland until 1857 when W.H.Baily transferred to the Irish survey and took over.Salter helped in the preparation of publications like the Decades and catalogues for the Museum. He described the fossils of North Wales which accompanied Ramsay's memoir of 1866 and worked with Phillips on the palaeontology of the Malvern Hills. He remained in Jermyn St until 1863 when he left to work at Cambridge.
GSM/GL/Sl/1 Correspondence inc. letters to H.De la Beche with details of geology of Devon, R.I.Murchison, E.T.Newton, C.W.Peach, J.Percy, A.C.Ramsay and T.Reeks. Also a letter from W.Sowerby to T.Reeks on circumstances of Salter's death.

John William Salter[edit]

John William Salter was appointed as Assistant to Edward Forbes in 1846 and became Palaeontologist in 1854 when Forbes died. He was also responsible for palaeontological work in Ireland until 1857 when W.H.Baily transferred to the Irish survey and took over.Salter helped in the preparation of publications like the Decades and catalogues for the Museum. He described the fossils of North Wales which accompanied Ramsay's memoir of 1866 and worked with Phillips on the palaeontology of the Malvern Hills. He remained in Jermyn St until 1863 when he left to work at Cambridge.