Joseph Lucas

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Timeline[edit]

Date Details
1846 Born December 24th. Educated at Westminster School.
1867 Joined Geological Survey.
Mapping Carboniferous in West Riding of Yorkshire (later north-east Yorkshire). Took up study of water supply.
1873 Began series of observations on subterranean water systems, introduced term “hydrogeology”. First to publish hydrogeological map with artesian contours.
1874 1st paper (published privately) “Horizontal wells”.
1876 Retired. Elected F.G.S.
1877 Paper “Artesian system of the Thames Valley” (J. Soc. Arts) containing hydrogeological map of area south of Thames.
1878 Complete map. North and south of Thames – published privately and re-published by Geological Survey with two other similar maps in “Records of London Wells” (Barrow and Wills) (1913) p. 19.
1880 Published Resume of late work on water supply from Lower Greensand of Hants. and Surrey.
More than 30 papers to different societies. Elected F.G.S., F. Meteorological. Society, M.I.C.E. (Telford Medal) (Silver medal, Soc. of Arts.)
1926 Died April 20th.

Biographies and obituaries[edit]

Bather, F.A. Obituary - Joseph Lucas. [In Anniversary Address.]. Proceedings of the Geological Society in Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society. v. 83 p.lx-lxi. 1927

Mr. Joseph Lucas. Nature 117, 730 (1926). https://doi.org/10.1038/117730a0

Newspaper cutting. [Held with manuscript.]

J. D. Mather, H. S. Torrens and K. J. Lucas Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 225, 67-88, 1 January 2004, https://doi.org/10.1144/GSL.SP.2004.225.01.06

Joseph Lucas, Hydrogeologist, 1846-1922 Lucas family history

Publications[edit]

Works listed in the BGS Library catalogue

Summary of most important publications and conclusions given by W. Whitaker in Memoir Water Supply of Surrey (1912) pp.14-17 and bibliography pp. 328-330].

Lucas, J. The chalk water system : EXCERPT OF: Minutes of Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers xlvii (i) 1876-77 104p.

Lucas, J. (1874). Horizontal wells : a new application of geological principles to effect the solution of the problem of supplying London with pure water. London : Edward Stanford.

Lucas, J. The hydrogeology of the greensands of Surrey and Hampshire : IN: Lucas, J.; The chalk water system: 1877. In: Lucas, J. The chalk water system : EXCERPT OF: Minutes of Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers xlvii (i) 1876-77 104p.

Lucas, J. Hydrogeology: one of the developments of modern practical geology : IN: Lucas, J.; The chalk water system; 1877. In: Lucas, J. The chalk water system : EXCERPT OF: Minutes of Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers xlvii (i) 1876-77 104p.

Lucas, J. Paper on rural water supply : IN: Lucas, J.; The chalk water system; 1877. In: Lucas, J. The chalk water system : EXCERPT OF: Minutes of Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers xlvii (i) 1876-77 104p.

Lucas, J. Paper on the hydrogeology of Middlesex and part of Herfordshire : IN: Lucas, J.; The chalk water system; 1877. In: Lucas, J. The chalk water system : EXCERPT OF: Minutes of Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers xlvii (i) 1876-77 104p.

Lucas, J. ; Alnwick and Canongate (England). Local Board of Health (1885). Report of Mr. Joseph Lucas, P.A.S.I., (late of H.M. Geological Survey), to the Alnwick and Canongate Local Board of Health, on the prospects of boring for water in Rugley Wood, also at Thorntree Well. Alnwick : Printed by John Davison, St. Michael's Pant.

Lucas, J. Water from the chalk: International Health Exhibition London 1884; Conference on Thursday July 24, 1884 : IN: Lucas, J.; The chalk water system; 1877. In: Lucas, J. The chalk water system : EXCERPT OF: Minutes of Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers xlvii (i) 1876-77 104p.

Lucas, J. Water supply papers 1877-1884.

Lucas, J. (1881). Wells, springs and rivers of Great Britain: returns of gaugings and other observations on surface and subterranean water economy. London : Vacher & Sons.

BGS archives[edit]

Ref No Title Description
GSM/DC/A/C/7/428,436,439,446 J Lucas: Letters on his appointment.
GSM/DC/A/C/7/508,511,550-551 J Lucas: Letters on his accident.
GSM/DC/A/C/23/ Letters on his promotion
GSM/DC/A/C/23/186 J Lucas: Letters on fossils to be sent.
GSM/DC/A/C/24/7 J Lucas: Letters on his resignation.
GSM/GL/Bw/29/12 J Lucas: Letters on fossils to be sent.
GSM/GL/Bw/29/88 H H Howell: Letter on J. Lucas.
GSM/GL/Bw/29/88 J Lucas: Mentioned in letter of H.W. Bristow.
GSM/GL/Bw/29/129,140,191 J Lucas: Letters on his behaviour.
GSM/GL/Bw/29/200 J Lucas: Letters on his resignation.
GSM/MG/C/12/129 E. Lucas and Son: Letter to H.T. De la Beche about Dronfield foundry specimens.