Main Algal Member

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Main Algal Member (MAN), Carboniferous, Northern England Province[edit]

Main Algal Member is part of the Lyne Formation.


Previously known as the Main Algal Limestone Beds (Day, 1970)[1]. See also Leeder (1974)[2].


Rhythmic alternations of limestone and mudstone with 14 well developed nodular algal beds and subsidiary sandstone and siltstone.


The type section is in Birky Cleuch from (NY 5885 7540 to 5932 7538) a tributary of the Kirk Beck at Bewcastle. Here, a complete sequence from M.A.1 to M.A.14, about 87 m thick is exposed (Day, 1970)[1].

Lower and upper boundaries[edit]

At Bewcastle, the lowermost algal bed (M.A.1 of Day, 1970)[1] of the Main Algal Member lies conformably on the Bewcastle Member (Figure 11, Column 2), which comprises cyclical sequences of sandstone, siltstone, and mudstone, with thin limestones and ‘cementstones’.

At the top of the Main Algal Member, the top of the uppermost algal bed (M.A.14 of Day, 1970)[1] is conformable with the overlying Lower Antiquatonia Bed of the Cambeck Member, which comprises rhythmic cycles of mainly sandstones, thin limestones and mudstones.


Some 87 m at Bewcastle.

Distribution and regional correlation[edit]

The Northumberland–Solway Basin, but described only in the Bewcastle region (Day, 1970)[1].




  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Day, J B W. 1970. Geology of the country around Bewcastle.Memoir of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, Sheet 12 (England and Wales).
  2. Leeder, M R. 1974. Lower Border Group (Tournaisian) fluviodeltaic sedimentation and palaeogeography of the Northumberland Basin.Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, Vol. 40, 129–180.