# Numbers, measurements and units

From Earthwise

**Use numerals**

- whenever a number is followed by a unit symbol

(for example kg, m)

- for references to illustrations

- for dates, page numbers, percentages and expressions of

time

- where several numbers are used in succession, some less

and some more than ten, use numerals throughout

- use decimals and never fractions

**Use words**

- for numbers from one to ten; numerals for larger numbers

- in whole numbers containing several zeros, either substitute

a word for part of the number (e.g. 16 million instead of 16 000 000)

- do not begin a sentence with a numeral

**Spaces and markers**

- use a full point for the decimal marker e.g. 16.6 kg

- numbers with up to four digits or fewer on either side of the

decimal marker are set without spaces or commas: 616, 1684, 0.8333

- numbers with more than four digits are divided by a fixed

space, not a comma, every three digits from the decimal marker: 25 000, 1 584 000, 0.616 42

**Units**

- millions: use m and decimals: 1 m, 1.5 m, 20 m

- billions: use bn and decimals: 1 bn, 1.5 bn, 20 bn

- per cent should be spelt out, not %