References - Geological excursion guide to Rum: the Paleocene igneous rocks of the Isle of Rum, Inner Hebrides

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From: Emeleus, C. H. and Troll, V. R. A geological excursion guide to Rum: the Paleocene igneous rocks of the Isle of Rum, Inner Hebrides. Edinburgh : Edinburgh Geological Society in association with NMS Enterprises Limited, 2008.

ANDERSON, E. M. (1936): The dynamics of the formation of cone-sheets, ring-dykes and caldron-subsidences, Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 56, pp. 128-63.

BAILEY, E. B. (1945): Tertiary igneous tectonics of Rhum, Inner Hebrides, Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, London, 100, pp. 165-91.

BAILEY, E. B. (1956): Hebridean notes: Rhum and Skye, Liverpool and Manchester Geological Journal, 1, pp. 420-26.

BEDARD, J. H., SPARKS, R. S. J., RENNER, R., CHEADLE, M. J. and HALLWORTH, M. A. (1988): Peridotite sills and metasomatic gabbros in the Eastern Layered Series of the Rhum complex, Journal of the Geological Society, London, 145, pp. 207-24.

BEDARD, J. H. and SPARKS, R. S. J. (1991): Comments on ‘The Structure and Petrogenesis of the Trollaval and Ruinsival areas of the Rhum ultrabasic pluton’ by A. Volker and B. G. J. Upton, Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 82, pp. 389-90.

BELL, B. R. and WILLIAMSON, I. T. (2002): Tertiary igneous activity, in TREWIN, N. H. (ed.): The Geology of Scotland (4th edition) (London: The Geological Society).

BINNS, P. E., McQUILLIN, R. and KENOLTY, K. (1974): The geology of the Sea of the Hebrides, Report of the Institute of Geological Sciences, no. 73/14.

BLACK, G. P. (1952): The age relationship of the granophyre and basalt of Orval, Isle of Rhum, Geological Magazine, 91, pp. 106-12.

BLACK, G. P. (1954): The acid rocks of Western Rhum, Geological Magazine, 91, pp. 257-72.

BLAKE, D. H., ELWELL, R. W. D., GIBSON, I. L., SKELHORN, R. R. and WALKER, G. P. L. (1965): Some relationships resulting from the intimate association of acid and basic magmas, Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, London, 121, pp. 31-50.

BRANNEY, M. J. (1995): Downsag and extension of calderas: new perspectives on collapse geometries from ice melt, mining and volcanic subsidence, Bulletin of Volcanology, 57, pp. 303-18.

BROWN, G. M. (1956): The layered ultrabasic rocks of Rhum, Inner Hebrides, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London, 240B, pp. 1-53.

BUTCHER, A. R., YOUNG, I. M. and FAITHFUL, J. W. (1985): Finger structures in the Rhum Complex, Geological Magazine, 122, pp. 491-502.

CHAMBERS, L. M., PRINGLE, M. S and PARRISH, R. R. (2005): Rapid formation of the Small Isles Tertiary centre constrained by precise 40Ar/39Ar and U-Pb ages, Lithos, 79, pp. 367-84.

DAGLEY, P. and MUSSETT. A. E. (1981): Palaeomagnetism of the British Tertiary igneous province: Rhum and Canna, Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, 65, pp. 475-91.

DONALDSON, C. H. (1974): Olivine crystal types in harrisitic rocks of the Rhum pluton and in Archean spinifex rocks, Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 85, pp. 1721-26.

DONALDSON, C. H. (1975): Ultrabasic breccias in layered intrusions. The Rhum Complex, Journal of Geology, 83, pp. 33-45.

DONALDSON, C. H. (1976): An experimental investigation of olivine morphology, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 57, pp. 187-213.

DONALDSON, C. H., DREVER, H. I. and JOHNSTON, R. (1973): Crystallisation of poikilo-macro-spherulitic feldspar in a Rhum peridotite, Nature Physical Sciences, 243, pp. 69-70.

DONALDSON, C. H., TROLL, V. R. and EMELEUS, C. H. (2001): Felsites and breccias in the Northern Marginal Zone of the Rum Central Complex: changing views, c. 1900–2000, Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 53, pp. 167-75.

DUNHAM, A. C. (1964): A petrographic and geochemical study of back-veining and hybridization at a gabbro-felsite contact in Coire Dubh, Rhum, Invernesshire, Mineralogical Magazine, 33, pp. 887-902.

DUNHAM, A. C. (1965): A new type of banding in ultrabasic rocks from Central Rhum, Invernesshire, Scotland, American Mineralogist, 50, pp. 1410-20.

DUNHAM, A. C. (1968): The felsites, granophyre, explosion breccias and tuffisites of the north-eastern margin of the Tertiary igneous complex of Rhum, Invernesshire, Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, London, 123, pp. 327-52.

DUNHAM, A. C. and EMELEUS, C. H. (1967) The Tertiary geology of Rhum, Inner Hebrides, Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 78, pp. 391-418.

EMELEUS, C. H. (1973): Granophyre pebbles in Tertiary conglomerate on the Isle of Canna, Invernesshire, Scottish Journal of Geology, 9, pp. 157-59.

EMELEUS, C. H. (1985): The Tertiary lavas and sediments of northwest Rhum, Inner Hebrides, Geological Magazine, 122, 419-37.

EMELEUS, C. H. (1997): Geology of Rum and the adjacent islands, Memoir of the British Geological Survey, Scotland, Sheet 60.

EMELEUS, C. H. and BELL, B. R. (2005): British regional geology: the Palaeogene volcanic districts of Scotland (4th edition) (Nottingham: British Geological Survey).

EMELEUS, C. H., CHEADLE, M. J., HUNTER, R. H., UPTON, B. G. J. and WADSWORTH, W. J. (1996): The Rum Layered Suite, in CAWTHORN, R. G. (ed.): Layered igneous rocks (Amsterdam: Elsevier), pp. 403-40.

EMELEUS, C. H. and GYOPARI, M. C. (1992): British Tertiary Volcanic Province, Geological Conservation Review Series no. 4 (London: Chapman and Hall).

ENGLAND, R. W. (1988): The early Tertiary stress regime in NW Britain: evidence from the patterns of volcanic activity, in MORTON, A. C. and PARSON, L. M. (eds): Early Tertiary volcanism and the opening of the NE Atlantic. Special Publication of the Geological Society of London, 39, pp. 381-89.

FAITHFULL, J. W. (1985): The Lower Eastern Layered Series of Rum, Geological Magazine, 122, pp. 459-68.

FREUNDT, A., WILSON, C. J. N. and CAREY, S. N. (2000): Ignimbrites and block- and-ash flows, in SIGURDSSON, H., HOUGHTON, B., McNUTT, S., RYMER, H. and STIX, J. (eds): Encyclopedia of Volcanoes (San Diego: Academic Press), pp. 581-99.

FYFE, J. A., LONG, D. and EVANS, D. (1993): United Kingdom offshore regional report: the geology of the Malin-Hebrides Sea area (London: HMSO for the British Geological Survey).

GREENWOOD, R. C. (1985): Geology and petrology of the margin of the Rhum Ultrabasic intrusion, Inner Hebridies, Scotland, unpublished PhD Thesis, University of St Andrews.

GREENWOOD, R. C., DONALDSON, C. H. and EMELEUS, C. H. (1990): The contact zone of the Rhum ultrabasic intrusion: evidence of peridotite formation from magnesian magmas, Journal of the Geological Society, London, 147, pp. 209-12.

HAMILTON, M. A., PEARSON, D. G., THOMPSON, R. N., KELLY, S. P. and EMELEUS, C. H. (1998): Rapid eruption of Skye lavas inferred from precise U-Pb and Ar-Ar dating of the Rum and Cuillin plutonic complexes, Nature, 394, pp. 260-63.

HARKER, A. (1908): The geology of the Small Isles of Invernesshire, Memoir of the Geological Survey, Scotland, Sheet 60.

HOLNESS, M. B. (1999): Contact metamorphism and anatexis of Torridonian arkose by minor intrusions of the Rum Igneous Complex, Inner Hebrides, Scotland, Geological Magazine, 136, pp. 527-42.

HOLNESS, M. B. (2002): Spherulitic textures formed during crystallization of partially melted arkose, Rum, Scotland, Geological Magazine, 139, pp. 651-63.

HOLNESS, M. B. (2005): Spatial constraints on magma chamber replenishment events from textural observations of cumulates: the Rum Layered Intrusion, Scotland, Journal of Petrology, 46, 1585-1601.

HOLNESS, M. B. (2007): Textural immaturity of cumulates as an indicator of magma chamber processes: infiltration and crystal accumulation in the Rum Eastern Layerd Intrusion, Journal of the Geological Society, London, 164, pp. 529-39.

HOLNESS, M. B. and ISHERWOOD, C. E. (2003): The aureole of the Rum Tertiary Igneous Complex, Scotland, Journal of the Geological Society, London, 160, pp. 15-27.

HOLNESS, M. B., CHEADLE, M. J. and McKENZIE, D. (2005): The uses of changes in dihedral angle to decode late-stage textural evolution in cumulates, Journal of Petrology, 46, pp. 1565-83.

HOLNESS, M. B., NIELSEN, T. F. D. and TEGNER, C. (2007a): Textural maturity of cumulates: a record of chamber filling, liquid assemblage, cooling rate and large-scale convection in mafic layered intrusions, Journal of Petrology, 48, pp. 141-57.

HOLNESS, M. B., HALLWORTH, M. A., WOODS, A., SIDES, R. E. (2007b): Inflitration metasomatism of cumulates by intrusive magma replenishment: the Wavy Horizon, Isle of Rum, Scotland, Journal of Petrology, 48, pp. 563-87.

HUDSON, J. and ALLWRIGHT, A. (2003): The Geology of Eigg (Isle of Eigg Heritage Trust).

HUGHES, C. J. (1960a): The Southern Mountains Igneous Complex, Isle of Rhum, Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, London, 116, pp. 111-38.

HUGHES, C. J. (1960b): An occurrence of tillyite-bearing limestone in the Isle of Rhum, Inner Hebrides, Geological Magazine, 97, pp. 384-88.

HUGHES, C. J., WADSWORTH, W. J. and EMELEUS, C. H. (1957): The contact between Tertiary granophyre and Torridonian arkose on Minishal, Isle of Rhum, Geological Magazine, 94, pp. 337-39.

JOLLEY, D. W. (1997): Palaeosurface palynofloras of the Skye lava field and the age of the British Tertiary volcanic province, in WIDDOWSON, M. (ed.): Palaeosurfaces: Recognition, Reconstruction and Palaeoenvironmental

Interpretation, Geological Society, London, Special Publication, 120, pp. 67-94.

LEE, C. E. (1981): Post depositional structures in the Bushveld Complex mafic sequence, Journal of the Geological Society of London, 138, pp. 327-41.

McCLURG, J. E. (1982): Petrology and evolution of the northern part of the Rhum ultrabasic complex, unpublished PhD thesis, University of Edinburgh.

NICHOLSON, P. G. (1992): Precambrian: Upper Proterozoic Torridon Group, in COPE, J. C. W., INGHAM, J. K. and RAWSON, P. F. (eds): Atlas of palaeogeography and lithofacies, Memoir of the Geological Society of London, no. 13, pp. 5-7.

NICHOLSON, P. G. (1993): A basin reappraisal of the Proterozoic Torridon Group, Northwest Scotland, in FROSTICK, L. E. and STEEL, R. J. (eds): Tectonic Controls and Signatures in Sedimentary Successions, International Association of Sedimentologists, Special Publications, 20, pp. 183-202.

O’DRISCOLL, B., DONALDSON, C. H., TROLL, V. R., JERRAM, D. A. and EMELEUS, C. H. (2007a): An origin for harrisitic and granular olivine in the Rum Layered Suite, NW Scotland: a crystal size distribution study, Journal of Petrology, 48, pp. 253-70.

O’DRISCOLL, B., HARGRAVES, R. B., EMELEUS, C. H., TROLL, V. R., DONALDSON, C. H. and REAVY, R. J. (2007b): Magmatic lineations inferred from anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility fabrics in Units 8, 9, and 10 of the Rum Eastern Layered Series, NW Scotland, Lithos, 98, pp. 27-44.

PALACZ, Z. A. and TAIT, S. R. (1985): Isotopes and geochemical investigation of unit 10 from the Eastern Layered Series of the Rhum Intrusion, Northwest Scotland, Geological Magazine, 122, pp. 485-90.

PEARSON, D. G., EMELEUS, C. H. and KELLEY, S. P. (1996): Precise 40Ar/39Ar age for the initation of Palaeogene volcanism in the Inner Hebrides and its regional significance, Journal of the Geological Society of London, 153, pp. 815-18.

POWER, M. R., PIRRIE, D., and ANDERSON, J. C. Ø. (2003): Diversity of platinum group element mineralization styles in the North Atlantic Igneous Province: new evidence from Rum, UK, Geological Magazine, 140, pp. 499–512.

RENNER, R. and PALACZ, Z. A. (1987): Basaltic replenishment of the Rhum magma chamber: evidence from Unit 14, Journal of the Geological Society, London, 144, pp. 961-70.

ROBBINS, B. (1982): Finger structures in the Lille Kufjord Layered Intrusion, Finnmark, Norway, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 81, pp. 290-95.

SMITH, N. J. (1985): The age and structural setting of limestones and basalts on the Main Ring Fault in southeast Rhum, Geological Magazine, 122, pp. 439-45.

STEEL, R. J. (1974): New Red Sandstone piedmont and floodplain sedimentation in the Hebridean Province, Scotland, Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 44, pp. 336-57.

STEEL, R. J. (1977): Triassic rift basins in NW Scotland, their configuration, infilling and development, in FINSTAD, K. C. and SELLEY, R. C. (eds): Proceedings of the Northern North Sea Symposium (Stavanger: Norwegian Petroleum Society), Paper 7.

TAIT, S. R. (1985): Fluid dynamic and geochemical evolution of cyclic unit 10, Rhum, Eastern Layered Series, Geological Magazine, 122, pp. 469-84.

TILLEY, C. E. (1944): A note on the gneisses of Rhum, Geological Magazine, 81, pp. 129-31.

TROLL, V. R., EMELEUS, C. H., and DONALDSON, C. H. (2000): Caldera formation in the Rum central igneous complex, Scotland, Bulletin of Volcanology, 62, pp. 301-17.

TROLL, V. R., DONALDSON, C. H. and EMELEUS, C. H. (2004): Pre-eruptive magma mixing in ash-flow deposits in the Tertiary Rum Igneous Centre, Scotland, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 147, pp. 722-39.

UPTON, B. G. J., SKOVGAARD, A. C., McCLURG, J. E., KIRSTEIN, L., CHEADLE, M. J., EMELEUS, C. H., WADSWORTH, W. J. and FALLICK, A. E. (2002): Picritic magmas and the Rum ultramafic complex, Scotland, Geological Magazine, 139, pp. 437-52.

VOLKER, J. A. and UPTON, B. G. J. (1990): The structure and petrogenesis of the Trallval and Ruinsival areas of the Rhum ultrabasic pluton, Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 81, pp. 69-88.

VOLKER, J. A. and UPTON, B. G. J. (1991): Reply to comments by J. H. Bedard and R. S. J. Sparks, Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 82, pp. 391.

WADSWORTH, W. J. (1961): The layered ultrabasic rocks of south-west Rhum, Inner Hebrides, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London, 244B, pp. 21-64.

WAGER, L. R. and BROWN, G. M. (1968): Layered Igneous Rocks (Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd).

WAGER, L. R., BROWN, G. M. and WADSWORTH, W. J. (1960): Types of igneous cumulates, Journal of Petrology, 1, pp. 73-85.

WICKHAM-JONES, C. R. and WOODMAN, P. C. (1998): Studies on the Earliest Settlement of Scotland and Ireland, Quaternary International, 49/50, pp. 13-20.

WILLIAMS, C. T. (1985): Pyroclastic rocks in the Cnapan Breaca felsite, Rhum, Geological Magazine, 122, pp. 447-50.

WILLIAMSON, I. T. and BELL, B. R. (1994): The Palaeocene lava field of west-central Skye, Scotland: stratigraphy, palaeogeography and structure, Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 85, pp. 39-75.

YOUNG, I. M. and DONALDSON, C. H. (1985): Formation of granular-textured layers and laminae within the Rhum crystal pile, Geological Magazine, 122, pp. 519-28.

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