Richard Hill Tiddeman M.A., F.G.S.

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Timeline[edit]

Date Details
1842 Born February 11th.
1864 Appointed Assistant Geologist in Geological Survey.
Worked for 20 years on Carboniferous rocks of Yorkshire, Cumberland and Lancashire. Later in North Wales.
Contributed to many Survey memoirs and maps.
1870 Promoted to Geologist.
1902 Retired from Survey.
1911 Murchison Medal.
1914 Elected President of Yorkshire Geological Society.
1917 Died February 20th.

Biographies and obituaries[edit]

Harker, A. Obituary - Richard Hill Tiddeman, born 1842, died 1917. [In Anniversary Address.]. Proceedings of the Geological Society in Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society. v. 74 p.liv-lvi. 1918

Richard Hill Tiddeman M.A. (Oxon.), F.G.S., etc. (1917). Geological Magazine, 4(5), 238-239. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0016756800136313

Richard Hill Tiddeman Entry in England: The Other Within. Analysing the English Collections at the Pitt Rivers Museum

Publications[edit]

Papers: Evidence for ice-sheet in North Lancashire.. (1872)(Q.J. XXVIII p. 471)

Older deposits in Victoria Cave, Settle, Yorks. (1873) (G.M. p. 11)

Carboniferous Trilobites…. (1894) (Henry Woodward. Notes by Tiddeman – G.M. p. 481)

Age of raised beach of South Britain as seen in Gower (1900) (G.M. p. 441)

On the formation of reef-knolls (1901) (G.M. p. 20)

Memoir: Burnley Coalfield (1875) with Hull, Dakyns, C. Ward etc.

Memoir: Appleby, Ullswater etc. (1897) with Dakyns and Goodchild

Memoir: Ingleborough (1888) with Dakyns, Gunn, Strahan etc.

Memoir: South Wales Coalfield Part IV Pontypridd (1903) with Strahan and Gibson

Memoir: South Wales Coalfield Part VIII Swansea (1914); Water-supply of Oxfordshire (1910)

Memoir: Rhyl, Abergele and Colwyn (1885)

Memoir: Mallerstang (1891) with Dakyns, Russell, Clough, Strahan, etc.

Memoir: Kendal, Sedburgh etc. (1888)

Memoir: Kirkby Lonsdale (1872) with Aveline and McK. Hughes

Works listed in the BGS Library catalogue

Survey publications[edit]

Hull, E. ; Dakyns, J.R. ; Tiddeman, R.H. ; Ward, J.C. ; De Rance, C.E. ; Gunn, W. ; Geological Survey of Great Britain (1875). The geology of the Burnley Coalfield and of the country around Clitheroe, Blackburn, Preston, Chorley, Hashingden and Todmorde : (Quarter sheets 88NW,89NE,89NW and 92SW of the 1-inch geological maps. (Coalfield Mem Geol Surv Eng Wales). London : HMSO.

Aveline, W.T. ; Hughes, T.M. ; Tiddeman, R.H. ; Geological Survey of Great Britain (1872). The geology of the neighbourhood of Kirkby Lonsdale and Kendal (quarter-sheet 98SE). (Memoir (Sheet) Geological Survey of Great Britain (England & Wales) - Old Series). London : HMSO.

Strahan, A. ; Tiddeman, R.H. ; Gibson, W. ; Geological Survey of Great Britain (1903). The geology of the South Wales Coalfield : part 4 The country around Pontypridd and Maesteg, being an account of the region comprised in sheet 248 of the map. (Mem Geol Surv Eng Wales Geol South Wales Coalfield). London : HMSO.

Strahan, A. ; Tiddeman, R.H. ; Gibson, W. ; Cantrill, T.C. (1917). The geology of the south Wales coalfield. Part IV, The country around Pontypridd and Maesteg, explanantion of sheet 248. 2nd ed. / rev. by W. Gibson and T. C. Cantrill. (Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain. England and Wales). London : His Majesty's Stationery Office.

Strahan, A. ; Tiddeman, R.H. ; Gibson, W. ; Dixon, E.E.L. ; Jones, O.T. ; Geological Survey of Great Britain (1907). The geology of the south Wales coalfield. Part VIII, The country around Swansea, being an account of the region comprised in sheet 247 of the map. (Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain. England and Wales). London : His Majesty's Stationery Office.

Tiddeman, R.H. ; Mill, H.R. (1910). The water supply of Oxfordshire, with records of sinkings and borings (with contributions on rainfall by HR Mill). (Memoir (Water Supply) Geological Survey of GB; 1910). London : HMSO.

Maps[edit]

Strahan, A. ; Tiddeman, R.H. ; Geological Survey of Great Britain (1885). The geology of the coasts adjoining Rhyl, Abergele, and Colwyn, (...quarter-sheet 79NW). (Memoir (Sheet) Geological Survey of Great Britain (England & Wales) - Old Series). London : HMSO.


Dakyns, J.R. ; Tiddeman, R.H. ; Gunn, W. ; Strahan, A. ; Goodchild, J.G. ; Fox-Strangways, C.E. ; Geological Survey of Great Britain (1890). The geology of the country around Ingleborough with part of Wensleydale and Wharfedale : ( ... quarter sheet 97SW ...). (Memoir (Sheet) Geological Survey of Great Britain (England & Wales) - Old Series). London : HMSO.


Dakyns, J.R. ; Tiddeman, R.H. ; Russell, R. ; Clough, C.T. ; Strahan, A. ; Goodchild, J.G. ; Barrow, G. ; Hatch, F.H. ; De Rance, C.E. ; Geological Survey of Great Britain (1891). The geology of the country around Mallerstang with parts of Wensleydale, Swaledale and Arkendale ( sheet 97NW). (Memoir (Sheet) Geological Survey of Great Britain (England & Wales) - Old Series). London : HMSO.


Dakyns, J.R. ; Tiddeman, R.H. ; Goodchild, J.G. ; Ward, J.C. ; Watts, W.W. ; Geological Survey of Great Britain (1897). The geology of the country between Appleby, Ullswater, and Haweswater (...Quarter-sheet 102SW). (Memoir (Sheet) Geological Survey of Great Britain (England & Wales) - Old Series). London : HMSO.

External publications[edit]

Marr, J.E. ; Tiddeman, R.H. ; International Geological Congress. La geologie de l'ouest du Yorkshire. W.Topley (ed), 1888, Explications des excursions, 4me Congres Geologique International, Londres, 1888. London: [The Congress] p.63-106. Great Britain. Parliament; House of Commons; Select Committee on the Milwr and District Mines Drainage Bill ; Tiddeman, R.H. ([1904]). Minutes of speech. [Minutes of evidence]. London : HMSO.

Great Britain. Parliament; House of Lords; Select Committee on the Milwr and District Mines Drainage Bill ; Tiddeman, R.H. ([1904]). Minutes of speech. [Minutes of evidence].. London : HMSO.

Tiddeman, R.H. ; British Association for the Advancement of Science (1900). On the age of the raised beach of southern Britiain as seen in Gower [abstract] : Report of the Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science for 1900 (70th), Trans Section C p.760-762. Report of the Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science ; 1900 - Bradford ; p.760-762.

Tiddeman, R.H. ; British Association for the Advancement of Science (1900). On the formation of reef knolls [abstract] : Report of the Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science for 1900 (70th) Trans Section C p.740-742. Report of the Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science ; 1900 - Bradford ; p.740-742.

Other archives[edit]

Portrait of Richard Hill Tidfderman Geological Society of London Archives

Richard Hill Tiddeman 1842-1917[edit]

Extract with permission of the author from: Cooper A.H. Yorkshire geology as seen through the eyes of notable British Geological Survey geologists 1862-200046-67 in Myerscough, R and Wallace, V. Famous Geologists of Yorkshire. York. ISBN 978-1-906604-58-5. PDF on NORA

On leaving Llanrwst Grammar School Tiddeman studied at Oriel College Oxford under Professor Phillips (William Smith’s nephew). Tiddeman was appointed to the Geological Survey in 1864 as an assistant geologist . He was chiefly employed with the survey of the Carboniferous rocks of North Lancashire, West Yorkshire and Westmorland, but also worked in North Wales and South Glamorgan . He is best known for his pioneering work on the Carbonifereous “reef knolls” and the Quaternary deposits of the Victoria Cave, both near Settle. His understanding of the fossil reef moundss fringing the Askrigg Block platform and the influence of fault movements during sedimentary deposition were presented to the International Geological Congress in 1888. His then controversial ideas are now accepted and illustrated by the modern diagram from the Pennines and adjacent areas regional guide which shows the juxtaposition of the reefs with the Craven faults on the edge of the Askrigg Block at the margin of the Craven Basin .

In addition to the obligatory Geological Survey memoirs, Tiddeman’s study of the Victoria Cave near Settle recognised pre-glacial cave deposits with the bones of hippopotamus, hyena and humans . He supervised the excavations from 1873 to 1878 following on from William Boyd Dawkins (an eminent expert on Ice Age mammals), but the two had opposing views about ice ages and interglacial periods. Tiddeman was decried by Professor Dawkins, but he was eventually proved correct although it took another 30 years before Tiddeman’s views were accepted. In 1881 the geologist James Geikie (brother of the Geological Survey director from 1882 - Archibald Geikie) described Dawkins as “…..a vain cocky humbug….It is monstrous that such a nincompoop in physical geology should be allowed to strut about as an authority…” . Tiddeman obviously had an uphill struggle against the powerful professor.