A contributor's ability to perform certain actions in Wikipedia depends on his/her user access level. This is determined by whether the editor is logged in to an account, whether the account has a sufficient age and number of edits, and what additional rights ("user groups", also called "flags" or "bits") have been assigned manually to the account.
Everyone is able to read Wikipedia. Unless they are blocked, they may freely edit most pages without the need to be logged in. Being logged in gives users a number of advantages including the ability to create new pages. Accounts more than a certain number of days old with more than a certain number of edits automatically become autoconfirmed. Further access levels need to be assigned manually by a user with the appropriate authority. An editor with more experience and good standing can attempt to become an administrator (sysop), which provides a large number of advanced permissions. A number of other flags for specialized tasks are also available.
- 1 Overview
- 2 User groups
- 2.1 Unregistered users
- 2.2 New users
- 2.3 Autoconfirmed and confirmed users
- 2.4 Administrators and bureaucrats
- 2.5 Other flags giving access to specialized functions
- 2.5.1 Pending changes reviewer
- 2.5.2 Rollback
- 2.5.3 Autopatrolled
- 2.5.4 File mover
- 2.5.5 Accountcreator
- 2.5.6 Template editor
- 2.5.7 Ipblock-exempt
- 2.5.8 Edit Filter managers
- 2.5.9 Oversight
- 2.5.10 CheckUser
- 2.5.11 Course coordinator, instructor, online and campus volunteer
- 2.5.12 Mass message sender
- 2.5.13 Bots
- 3 Global rights
- 4 See also
All visitors to the site, including unregistered users, are part of the Unregistered users group, and all logged-in users are also part of the user group. Users are automatically promoted into the Autoconfirmed/Established users pseudo-group when their account is more than four days old and has ten edits. Other flags are only given upon request; some, such as rollbacker] or <bot, are granted unilaterally if the user demonstrates a need for them (see Wikipedia:Requests for permissions and Wikipedia:Bots/Requests for approval). Others, such as sysop and <bureaucrat, are given only after community discussion and consensus at Wikipedia:Requests for adminship. Users are only made members of groups such as oversight and checkuser with the approval of the Arbitration Committee and after confirming their identity with the Wikimedia Foundation.
The system-generated technical permissions are listed at Special:ListGroupRights.
Contributors who have not created an account or logged in are identified by their IP address rather than a user name, and may read all Wikipedia pages (except restricted special pages), and edit pages that are not protected or semi-protected. They may create talk pages in any talk namespace but may need to ask for help to create pages in some parts of the wiki. They cannot upload files or images.
Autoconfirmed and confirmed users
Several actions on the English Wikipedia are restricted to user accounts that have been created for a certain number of days and which have made a certain number of edits. Users who meet these requirements are considered part of the pseudo-group autoconfirmed. Autoconfirmed status is checked every time a user performs a restricted action: it is then granted automatically by the software. Although the precise requirements for autoconfirmed status vary according to circumstances, most English Wikipedia user accounts that are more than four days old and have made at least 10 edits are considered autoconfirmed.
In some situations, it is necessary for accounts to be exempted from the customary confirmation period. The confirmed group contains the same rights as the autoconfirmed pseudo-group, but can be granted by administrators as necessary. There is no point in giving this right to a user whose account is already autoconfirmed, because it provides exactly the same abilities. To request this permission see Wikipedia:Requests for permissions/Confirmed. See Special:ListUsers/confirmed for a list of the confirmed users.
Administrators and bureaucrats
Administrator rights are granted by the Earthwise team. Administrator examine of activity as an editor. Users who are members of this user group have access to a number of tools to allow them to carry out certain functions on the wiki. The tools cover processes such as page deletion, page protection, blocking and unblocking, access to modify fully protected pages and the Mediawiki interface. Administrators also have the ability to grant and remove account creator, rollback, ipblock-exempt, confirmed user, file mover, pending changes reviewer, autopatrolled, template editor and edit filter manager rights to other users, and to their own alternate accounts. By convention, administrators also normally take responsibility for judging the outcome of certain discussions requiring these technical controls (such as deletions). Administrators are not granted special editorial control over article content.
Bureaucrat rights are granted by the Earthwise team to exceptionally trusted users who are allowed to perform certain actions on other users' accounts.
Bureaucrats have extended access to Special:UserRights, enabling them to add users to the 'bureaucrat' group (but not remove them),
Other flags giving access to specialized functions
Pending changes reviewer
Members of this group can review other users' edits to articles placed under pending changes protection. When pending changes was first implemented, the right was automatically assigned to administrators. Prior to September 2014, this right was known as "reviewer".
Users who are given the rollback flag ('rollbacker' user group) may revert revisions using the rollback feature. This right is automatically assigned to administrators.
Members of this group have 'autopatrol', which allows them to have their pages automatically patrolled on the New Pages list. This right is automatically assigned to administrators. Prior to June 2010, this right was known as "autoreviewer".
The file mover user right is intended to allow users experienced in working with files to rename them, subject to policy, with the ease that autoconfirmed users already enjoy when renaming Wikipedia articles. This right is automatically assigned to administrators.
See Special:ListUsers/filemover for a list of the filemover additional filemovers.
Users who are given the accountcreator flag ('accountcreator' user group) are not affected by the 6 account creation limit per day per IP, and can create accounts for other users without restriction. Users in this group can also override the anti-spoof checks on account creation. This right is automatically assigned to administrators and bureaucrats. Additionally, account creators are able to create accounts with names that are otherwise blocked by the title blacklist.
Members of this group are allowed to edit pages protected with template protection as well as create and edit editnotices. Template protection is only applied to pages in the template and module namespaces. It is intended to allow experienced template and module coders to make changes without having to request that an administrator make the edits for them.
Users who are given the ipblock-exempt flag ('ipblock-exempt' user group) are not affected by autoblocks and blocks of IP addresses and ranges that aren't made with the "anonymous users only" setting. This right is automatically assigned to administrators and bots, however the flag must be added separately to enable editing from IP addresses affected by Tor blocks.
Edit Filter managers
Members of this group can create, modify and delete edit filters. This flag is given and removed by administrators. It is not assigned to administrators by default.
See Special:ListUsers/abusefilter for a list of the abusefilter filter editors. All users can check their abuse log on the [AbuseFilter pages.
Users who are given the oversight flag ('oversight' user group) have access to HideRevision, through which they can permanently hide revisions of pages from all users, and Oversight, where they can view a log of such actions and the content of the hidden revisions. This right is only granted to exceedingly few users who are at least 18 years old and have identified themselves to the Wikimedia Foundation. Oversights are also required to be administrators.
Users who are given the checkuser flag (checkuser' user group) have access to CheckUser. They are able to view a list of all IP addresses used by a user account to edit the English Wikipedia, a list of all edits made by an IP, or all user accounts that have used an IP address. They may also view a log of such requests. This right is only granted to exceedingly few users who are at least 18 years old and have identified themselves to the Wikimedia Foundation. Checkusers are also required to be administrators.
Course coordinator, instructor, online and campus volunteer
Members of these user groups (in addition to administrators) can manage course pages in the "Education Program:" namespace. Course coordinator rights (as well as the instructor, online volunteer and campus volunteer rights) are assigned by administrators. Course coordinators may assign "course online volunteer", "course campus volunteer", and "course instructor" rights to other users. Online and campus volunteers, respectively, can designate themselves as supporters for individual courses (whom students can turn to for help, online or in person). They do this by going to the course page and using the software interface to associate their account with the course.
Mass message sender
Members of this group may send messages to multiple users at once. See Special:ListUsers/massmessage-sender for a list of the licensed spammers.
Accounts used by approved bots to make pre-approved edits can be flagged as such. Bot accounts are automated or semi-automated, the nature of their edits is well defined, and they will be quickly blocked if their actions vary from their given tasks, so they need less scrutiny than human edits.
For this reason, contributions from accounts with the bot flag (bot user group) are not displayed in recent changes or watchlists to users who have opted to hide bot edits. Minor edits made by bot accounts to user talk pages do not trigger the "you have new messages" banner. Bot accounts can query the API in batches of 5,000 rather than 500.
In general, rights of editors blocked indefinitely should be left as is. Rights specifically related to the reason for blocking may be removed at the discretion of the blocking or unblocking administrators.
Global rights have effects on all public Wikimedia wikis, but their use may be restricted by local policy, see Wikipedia:Global rights policy. For an automatically generated list of global groups with all their permissions, see GlobalGroupPermissions. For a list of users along with their global groups, see GlobalUsers.
- Wikipedia:Editing restrictions: a list of users with editing restrictions that have been imposed by the Arbitration Committee
- Manual:User rights