William Edmond Logan

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Sir William Edmond Logan FRS (1798–1875)


Date Details
1798 Born.
1835 Appointed.
1842 Resigned.
1842 Initiated Geological Survey of Canada.
1843-1869 Director Geological Survey of Canada.
1851 F.R.S.
1856 Knight.
1856 Wollaston Medal.
1867 Royal Medal.
1875 Died.

Biographies and obituaries[edit]

Life of Sir William E. Logan, B.J. Harrington. 1883.

Q.J.G.S. 1876, p. 76.

Sir William Edmond Logan journals, 1843-4. Reference: NLW MS 21715-16B The National Library of Wales

William Edmond Logan — Wikipedia article

Winder, C. Gordon, Logan, Sir William Edmond, Dictionary of Canadian Biography, Vol. X.

Vodden, Christy, No Stone Unturned: The First 150 Years of the Geological Survey of Canada, Minister of Supply and Services, Ottawa, 1992

Smith, Charles and Dyck, Ian (editors), William E. Logan's 1845 Survey of the Upper Ottawa Valley, Canadian Museum of Civilization, Gatineau, 2007

Winder, C. Gordon, William Edmond Logan (1798-1875): Knighted Canadian Geologist, Trafford On Demand Publishing, 2004

Portrait William Edmond Logan Canadian Museum of History

Winder, C.G. William Edmond Logan (1798-1875): Knighted Canadian Geologist. Trafford Publishing, 2006

Sir William E. Logan and the Geological Survey of Canada Toronto Public Library

Geological Survey of Canada Sir William Logan 1798 - 1875 Wayback Machine

Bell, Robert, 1907, Sir William Logan and the Geological Survey of Canada: The Mortimer Co., Montreal, 28p.

Harrington, B.J., 1883, Sir William Logan, Kt: First Director of the Geological Survey of Canada: Dawson Brothers Publishers, Montreal, 432p.

Winder, C.G.,1965, Logan and South Wales: Geological Association of Canada, Proceedings, v.14, pp.103-124.

Winder, C. Gordon, 1991-92, wrote six articles on Logan: CIM BULL, v.84, no.954,pp.14-18; CIM BULL, v.84, no.956, pp.8-12; CIM BULL, v.85, no.957, pp.10-16; CIM BULL, v.85, no.958, pp.27-40; CIM BULL, v.85, no.959, pp.13-18; no.960, pp.13-21 (See William Edmond Logan (1798 - 1875): Canada's Super-rocker!!


Works listed in the BGS Library catalogue

Logan, W.E. ; Hunt, T.S. (1855). Esquisse geologique du Canada pour servir a l'intelligence de la carte geologique et de la collection des mineraux economiques envoyees a l'exposition Universelle de Paris, 1855. Paris, France : Hector Bossange et Fils.

Logan, W.E. ; Geological Survey of Canada (1999). Geological Survey of Canada. In: Logan, W.E. ; Smith, C.H. ; Geological Survey of Canada. William Logan's 1850 history of the Geological Survey of Canada : Geoscience Canada 26(3) 1999 p.111-120.

Harrington, B.J. ; Logan, W.E. ; Canada. Dept. of Mines and Resources (1883). Life of Sir William E. Logan, Kt.... : first director of the Geological Survey of Canada. London : Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington.

Winder, C.G. ; Logan, W.E. Logan and South Wales : Proceedings Geological Association of Canada 16 1965 p103-125.

Logan, W.E. (1865). On the history of Eozoon canadense. Montreal : [s.n.].

Logan, W.E. ; Fletcher, H. (1908). A section of Carboniferous rocks in Cumberland county, Nova Scotia. Halifax, NS : Nova Scotian Institute of Science.

Geological Survey of Great Britain ; Logan, W.E. ; Woodward, H.B. ([1856] rev. 1872). Sheet 37 [E&W one inch old series]. (Geological Survey of England and Wales one inch to one mile [1:63 360 old series]). Southampton : Ordnance Survey for the Geological Survey.

BGS archives[edit]

Ref No Title Description
GSM/DC/A/C/11/26,31,33 W E Logan: Letters on his appointment in Canada.
GSM/DC/A/C/11/31 W E Logan: Letter to H T De la Beche.
GSM/DC/A/C/11/31 W E Logan: Letter to H T De la Beche.
GSM/DC/A/C/11/33 W E Logan: Report on Logan by H T De la Beche.
GSM/DC/A/C/13/79 W E Logan: Printed catalogue of Canadian minerals
GSM/DR/Bc/A/2 Correspondence with other geologists inc T.Reeks, R.Phillips, T.Sopwith, C.Roach and W.E.Logan re models and a medal
GSM/GX/Lo William Edmond Logan Obituary file. Logan was a member of a mining company operating in the South wales area. He has begun mapping coal seams and othe geological information on the 1" OS sheets as soon as they were produced and his work was used by De la Beche until Logan left for Canada in 1842. Logan introduced more detailed horizontal and vertical sections and used a 6" scale for detailed topographical mapping.

Other archives[edit]

Written in Stone: William E. Logan and the Geological Survey of Canada Library and Archives Canada

Sir William Edmond Logan FRS (1798–1875)[edit]

Sir William Edmond Logan, a Canadian, was influential amongst early nineteenth century British geologists and collaborated with the BGS's first Director, Henry de La Beche, mapping parts of South Wales.

Sir William Edmond Logan was born in Montreal, Canada in 1798; his parents were Scottish émigrés, but Logan returned to Scotland to attend school and university.

Later he became the manager of a copper works in Swansea, where his interest in the local coalfield geology began.

In 1842 Logan returned to the land of his birth to become the first Director of the Geological Survey of Canada, where he continued to work for many years, before retiring to West Wales. He died in 1875.

Today, Logan is recognised as Canada’s most important scientist, a trailblazer, and Canada’s highest mountain is named in his honour.