Archibald Geikie

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Date Details
1835 Born December 28th in Edinburgh. Educated at Edinburgh High School and University.
1855 Joined Geological Survey of Scotland.
1860 Accompanied Murchison to north-west and central Highlands.
Early survey work with H.H. Howell in Haddington. Then mapped area in Midlothian west of the coalfield, from Arthur’s Seat and the Pentlands to Bathgate Hills and north into Fife.
1861 Geologist.
Joint paper with Murchison to Geological Society “On the altered rocks of the Western Islands of Scotland and the North-west and Central Highlands”. Interpretation generally accepted till 1878 when controversy reopened. “Chronology of the Trap Rocks of Sc
1862 Important paper to Glasgow Geological Society “The Glacial Drift of Scotland” (1863).
1865 “Scenery of Scotland” (3 editions).
Mapped large areas of Old Red Sandstone in Midlothian, Lanark, Ayr, Fife, Perth and Kinross.
Made series of traverses in basin of Moray Firth, Caithness, Orkney, Shetland. Results embodied in “Old Red Sandstone of Europe” (T.R.S.E. 1878).
1867 Director for Scotland.
Important paper to Royal Society suggesting Tertiary age of basaltic plateaux of Ireland, West of Scotland and Iceland. Visited the Auvergne, Eifel district and South Italy.
1871 Elected to newly-founded Murchison Professorship of Geology and Mineralogy at Edinburgh; resigned 1881.
1879 Paper to Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh “Carboniferous Volcanic Rocks of the Firth of Forth”.
Visited lava fields in Idaho on Pacific slope of US. (prior to lectures at Lowell Institute, Boston). Suggested similar origin for Tertiary volcanic plateaux of west. Europe.
1882 Director-General
1884 Geikie published new work and views (Peach and Horne) in “Nature” November 13th.
1888 Memoir to Royal Society of Edinburgh “History of volcanic action during Tertiary Period in British Isles” (results of 25 years of work).
1901 Retired.
1924 Died 10th November.
1861 “Life of Edward Forbes” (with Wilson).
1869 “Memoir of J.D. Forbes”.
“Life of Murchison”.
1880 “Text book of Geology”.
1887 “Geological sketches at home and abroad”.
1895 “Life of Ramsay”.
1897 “Ancient volcanoes of Great Britain”.
1904 “Scottish reminiscences” and “Primers on geology and physical geology. Class book of geology “Field Geology”.
1897 Lectures at John Hopkins University, Baltimore, afterwards published as “Founders of Geology”.
Later works “Landscape in History”, and “Love of Nature among the Romans”.
President Geological Society 1891,1892,1907; President British Association 1892; President of Royal Society 1908-1913; Trustee B.M.; Member of 1851 Exhibition Commissioners; Member of Council of British School of Rome; Governor of Harrow School 1892-1922;
F.R.S. 1865; Knighted 1891; K.C.B. 1907; O.M.1913; and Officier de la Legion d’Honneur; Associe Etranger de l’Institut de France; etc. Hon. Degrees from Edinburgh, Oxford, Cambridge, Dublin, Glasgow, Aberdeen, St. Andrews, Durham, Birmingham, Sheffield, L
Gold Medals from: Geological Society; Royal Geographical Society of Scotland; Royal Society of Edinburgh; Royal Society of London; Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences.

Biographies and obituaries

Times November 12th 1924

Geological Magazine (1890) p. 49

Geological Magazine (1924) p.515

Proceedings Royal Society B. XCIX (1926) p. i.

Archibald Geikie — Wikipedia article

Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Geikie, Sir Archibald. Encyclopædia Britannica. 11 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 552–553.

Oldroyd, David. "Geikie, Sir Archibald (1835-1924), geologist and historian". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. https://doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/33364

Geikie, Sir Archibald. 28/12/1835-10/11/1924 Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1783–2002). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0-902-198-84-X.


142 works listed in the BGS Library catalogue

Date Details
1963 Memoir: East Berwick (1963).
1869 Memoir: Turnberry Castle (1869).
1900 Memoir: Fife & Kinross (1900).
1902 Memoir: Eest Fife (1902).
1866 Contibuted to Memoir: E. Lothian. (1866).
1861 Contibuted to Memoir: Edinburgh etc. (1861).
1869 Contibuted to Memoir: Peebles. (1869).
1869 Contibuted to Memoir: Ayr. (1869).
1869 Contibuted to Memoir: Girvan. (1869).
1872 Contibuted to Memoir: N. Ayrshire. (1872).
1873 Contibuted to Memoir: Central Lanarkshire. (1873).
1873 Contibuted to Memoir: Stranraer. (1873).
1873 Contibuted to Memoir: Whithorn, Burrow Head. (1873).
1871 Contibuted to Memoir: Sanquhar. (1871).
1877 Contibuted to Memoir: Dumfries. (1877).
1903 Contibuted to Memoir: N. Arran. (1903).
1879 Contibuted to Memoir: Airdrie etc. (1879).
1907 Contibuted to Memoir: N.W. Highlands. (1907). Editor.

BGS archives

Ref No Title Description
GSM/DC/A/C/6/242 A Geikie: Minute of appointment.
GSM/DC/A/C/7/197 A Geikie: Minute of promotion.
GSM/DC/A/C/7/478,519 A Geikie: Letters to R I Murchison on various Survey matters.
GSM/DC/A/C/7/519 A Geikie: Letter on display of collections in Edinburgh.
GSM/DC/A/C/8/ A Geikie: Letter on accommodation in Edinburgh.
GSM/DC/A/C/8/116, 140, 157, 173 A Geikie: Letters to R.I. Murchison on various Survey matters.
GSM/DC/A/C/8/116,157 A Geikie: Letter on accommodation in Edinburgh.
GSM/DC/A/C/8/172-3 A Geikie: Letter on extra leave.
GSM/DC/A/C/8/273-5 A Geikie: Letter on appointment as Professor.
GSM/DC/A/C/14/158 A Geikie: Letters about his appointment and promotion
GSM/DC/A/C/15/148 A Geikie: Letters about the appointment and promotion of Geikie
GSM/DC/A/C/15/199, 201, 224 A Geikie: Letters to R I Murchison on various Survey matters.
GSM/DC/A/C/15/224 A Geikie: Letter on sale of maps
GSM/DC/A/C/15/? A Geikie: Manuscript song sung by Geikie at an Annual Dinner
GSM/DC/A/C/16/148 A Geikie: Letter concerning Geikie's visit to the Lipari Islands
GSM/DC/A/C/17/38 A Geikie: Letters about the appointment and promotion of Geikie
GSM/DC/A/C/23/80,82,95-96,105 A Geikie: Letters on need for a Porter in Edinburgh.
GSM/DC/A/C/24/15 A Geikie: Letters on a vacancy.
GSM/DC/A/C/24/61,67,74 A Geikie: Letters on a lack of space in Edinburgh.
GSM/DC/A/C/24/217,226 A Geikie: Letters on the porter's salary.
GSM/DC/A/C/24/271-3 A Geikie: Letters on leave of absence.
GSM/DC/A/C/24/309-313 A Geikie: Letters on chemical apparatus.
GSM/DC/A/C/25/48 A Geikie: Staff changes.
GSM/DC/A/C/25/64,68 A Geikie: Time for completion of survey of Scotland.
GSM/DC/A/C/26 Original letters sent to Director. [Series 'D'] Correspondence of A. Geikie.
GSM/DC/A/C/27 Original letters sent to Director. [Series 'D'] Correspondence of A.Geikie.
GSM/DR Directors Papers The following records form the personal and scientific papers of the Director's of the Survey...
GSM/DR/Ft/A/2 Correspondence on range of issues: letters to Bromehead, C.Davidson, H.Dewey, Fairley, A.Geikie...
GSM/DR/Ge Archibald Geikie Geikie was born in 1835. He joined the Survey in 1855 and became Director for Scotland in 1867...
GSM/DR/Ge/A/5 Correspondence on various matters: letters to J.Craik, J.Evans, F.H.Hatch, J.Horne, D.R.Irvine, B...
GSM/DR/Ge/A/7 Correspondence, minutes and papers of A. Geikie on range of issues including statement on...
GSM/DR/St/A/27 (1) Sir A Geikie (2) Prestwich: Particulars in the life of Sir Andrew Ramsay
GSM/GL/Bw Henry William Bristow Bristow joined the Survey at the outset in 1845 as one of six field staff. He worked on the...
GSM/GL/Bw/29/156 A Geikie: Progress in Scotland.
GSM/GL/Ht/1 Correspondence with other geologists. Letters to Dakyns, A.Geikie, F.W.Rudler, and W.Ussher as...
GSM/GL/Rd Clement Reid Clement Reid joined the Survey in 1874. He was the author of 'The Pliocene Deposits of Britain...
GSM/GX/Ha/1 Letters to J Geikie and three printed items "The Lament o' St Giles's Bells", "Early Flint Tools" by "Naturalist" and pages 3-6 of a paper on...
GSM/GX/Wa/1 Letters from A R Wallace to J Geikie
GSM/MG/C/12/67 W.H. Flower: Mentioned in letter from W.J. Wharton to A. Geikie.
GSM/MG/C/12/117 R.H. Jones: Letter to A. Geikie about asbestos from Canada.
GSM/MG/C/12/142 W. Miller: Letter to A. Geikie about specimens from British Honduras.
GSM/MG/C/12/222 W.J. Wharton: Letter to A. Geikie about specimens from China.
GSM/MG/P/4/50 Letter to F.W. Rudler with a letter from A. Geikie to Rudler.

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