British regional geology: Midland Valley of Scotland

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The British regional geology: The Midland Valley of Scotland has been converted to a series of articles for this wiki. The book is available for purchase at the BGS Online Shop Its full reference is:

Cameron, I B, and Stephenson, D. 1985. British regional geology: The Midland Valley of Scotland. Third edition. Reprint 2014. Keyworth, Nottingham: British Geological Survey.

Midland Valley regional guide cover image. P894509.

Contents

Introduction

Physiography
Summary of the geology

Pre-Palaeozoic basement

Ordovician and Silurian

Devonian

Lower Devonian
Upper Devonian

Silurian and Devonian igneous activity

Volcanic activity
Minor intrusions
Major intrusions
Magma genesis

Carboniferous: General

Dinantian

Calciferous Sandstone Measures
Lower Limestone Group

Namurian

Limestone Coal Group
Upper Limestone Group
Passage Group

Westphalian

Lower and Middle Coal Measures
Upper Coal Measures

Carboniferous palaeontology

Permian and Triassic

Carboniferous and Permian igneous activity

Dinantian and Silesian volcanic activity
Permian volcanic activity
Carboniferous and Permian dykes and sills

Tertiary igneous intrusions

Structure

Quaternary

Devensian
Flandrian

Economic geology

Fuel and energy
Bulk minerals
Metalliferous mineral veins

Selected references

Foreword to the third edition

The first edition of this regional guide was written by the late Dr M. Macgregor and Dr A. G. MacGregor and was published in 1936. A second edition, incorporating minor amendments, was published in 1948. Since then the accumulation of new information and the publication of major research on numerous topics concerning the region has necessitated a complete revision of the text. Mr I. B. Cameron wrote Chapters 1, 4, 6–9, 11, 14, 15 and part of

16. Dr D. Stephenson wrote Chapters 2, 5, 12, 13 and the rest of 16, and Dr J. D. Floyd and Dr R. B. Wilson wrote Chapters 3 and 10 respectively. The book was edited by Dr R. B. Wilson. The authors wish to record their gratitude for the assistance and advice given by their colleagues in the Survey during the preparation of this guide.

Our thanks are due to the following copyright holders for permission to reproduce and draw upon illustrative material: Cambridge University Press for P915518, P915526 and P915541, which are based on maps in Smith, Hurley and Briden, 1981; The Geologists’ Association for P915551, which is taken from fig. 1 in Dawson, 1980; The Scottish Academic Press Ltd for P915514 (fig. 2 in Bamford in Harris, Holland and Leake, 1979); The Scottish Journal of Geology for P915550 (fig. 3 in Sissons, 1974); and Seel House Press Ltd for P915519, which is based on fig. 56 in Bluck in Bowes and Leake, 1978.

British Geological Survey

G. M. Brown, FRS

Keyworth Director

Nottingham NG12 5GG

5 January 1985


Acknowledgements

The first edition of this regional guide was written by the late Dr M. Macgregor and Dr A. G. MacGregor and was published in 1936. A second edition, incorporating minor amendments, was published in 1948. Since then the accumulation of new information and the publication of major research on numerous topics concerning the region has necessitated a complete revision of the text. Mr I. B. Cameron wrote Chapters 1, 4, 6–9, 11, 14, 15 and part of 16. Dr D. Stephenson wrote Chapters 2, 5, 12, 13 and the rest of 16, and Dr J. D. Floyd and Dr R. B. Wilson wrote Chapters 3 and 10 respectively. The book was edited by Dr R. B. Wilson.

The authors wish to record their gratitude for the assistance and advice given by their colleagues in the Survey during the preparation of this guide. Our thanks are due to the following copyright holders for permission to reproduce and draw upon illustrative material: Cambridge University Press for P915518, P915526 and P915541, which are based on maps in Smith, Hurley and Briden, 1981; The Geologists’ Association for P915551, which is taken from fig. 1 in Dawson, 1980; The Scottish Academic Press Ltd for P915514 (fig. 2 in Bamford in Harris, Holland and Leake, 1979); The Scottish Journal of Geology for P915550 (fig. 3 in Sissons, 1974); and Seel House Press Ltd for P915519, which is based on fig. 56 in Bluck in Bowes and Leake, 1978.

British Geological Survey

G. M. Brown, FRS

Keyworth Director

Nottingham NG12 5GG

5 January 1985

General references on the Midland Valley

Anderton, R., Bridges, P. H., Leeder, M. R. and Selwood, B. W. 1979. A dynamic stratigraphy of the British Isles. (London: George Allen and Unwin.)

Bluck, B. J. (editor). 1973. Excursion guide to the geology of the Glasgow district.(Glasgow: Geological Society of Glasgow.)

Bowes, D. R. and Leake, B. E. (editors). 1978. Crustal evolution in northwestern Britain and adjacent regions. Spec. Issue Geol. J., No. 10.

Craig, G. Y. (editor). 1983. Geology of Scotland (2nd edition). (Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press.)

Craig, G. Y. and Duff, P. Mcl. D. (editors). 1975. The geology of the Lothians and south-east Scotland. An excursion guide. (2nd edition). (Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press.)

Eyles, V. A., Simpson, J. B. and Macgregor, A. G. 1949. The Geology of Central Ayrshire. Mem. Geol. Surv. G.B.

Forsyth, I. H. and Chisholm, J. I. 1977. The geology of east Fife. Mem. Geol. Surv. G.B.

Francis, E. H., Forsyth, I. H., Read, W. A. and Armstrong, m. 1970. The geology of the Stirling district. Mem. Geol. Surv. G.B.

George, T. N. 1960. The stratigraphical evolution of the Midland Valley. Trans. Geol. Soc. Glasgow, Vol. 24, pp. 32–107.

Harris, A. L., Holland, C. H. and Leake, B. E. (editors). 1979. The Caledonides of the British Isles — reviewed. Spec. Publ. Geol. Soc. London, No. 8.

Macgregor, A. R. 1973. Fife and Angus geology. An excursion guide. (2nd edition). (Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press.)

Macgregor, M., Dinham, C. H., Bailey, E. B. and Anderson, E. m. 1925. The geology of the Glasgow district. (2nd edition). Mem. Geol. Surv. G.B.

Mitchell, G. H. and Mykura, W. 1962. The geology of the neighbourhood of Edinburgh. (3rd edition). Mem. Geol. Surv.

G.B. Richey, J. E., Anderson, E. M. and Macgregor, A. G. 1930. The geology of north Ayrshire. Mem. Geol. Surv. G.B.

Sutherland, D. S. (editor). 1982. Igneous rocks of the British Isles.(Chichester: Wiley.)