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==== Calton Hill ====
 
==== Calton Hill ====
  
The former Royal High School building, begun in 1825 as a replacement for the original school in High School Yards in the Old Town, and more recently adapted for use of the proposed Scottish Assembly, is built of Craigleith Sandstone. Many other buildings on the Calton Hill are built of the same stone, including Observatory House (1792), the Nelson Monument (1816), the City Observatory (1818) and Playfair's Monument (1827). Most impressive of all is the incomplete National Monument to the Scottish Dead of the Napoleonic War. Started in 1823, work was abandoned in 1829, though several later plans were put forward for its completion. Part of a particularly large stone, dug out of Craigleith Ouarry soon after work on the monument began, went to the architrave; the rest of this stone went to Buckingham Palace. The twelve pillars are made of the commoner of the two types of freestone from Craigleith laid on its natural bed. The Dugald Stewart Monument (1831) is built of light yellow Humbie freestone from West Lothian, also used for the Burns Monument (1830) across Regent Road. Extensive refacing of the latter monument in 1978 has meant that it is now almost all Darney stone that is seen there.
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The former Royal High School building. begun in 1825 as a replacement for the original school in High School Yards in the Old Town, and more recently adapted for use of the proposed Scottish Assembly, is built ofCraigleith Sandstone. Many other buildings on the Calton Hill are built of the same stone, including Observatory House (1792), the Nelson Monument (1816), the City Observatory (1818) and Playfair's Monument (1827). Most impressive of all is the incomplete National Monument to the Scottish Dead of the Napoleonic War. Started in 1823, work was abandoned in 1829, though severalluter plans were put forward for its completion. Part of a particulurly large stone, dug out of Craigleith Ouarry soon after work on the monument began, went to the architrave; the rest of this stone went to Buckingham Palace. The twelve pillars are mude of the commoner of the two types of freestone from Craigleith laid on its naturul bed. The Dugald Stewart Monument (1831) is built of light yellow Humbie freestone from West Lothian, ulso used for the Burns Monument (1830) across Regent Road. Extensive refacing of the latter monument in 1978 has meant that it is now almost all Darney stone that is seen there.
  
The summit of the Calton Hill marks the end of the walk. It is a fine vantage point from which to survey the local geology. Prominent to the south east is the Salisbury Crags teschenite sill and the vents and lava flows of the Arthur's Seat volcano, of which Calton Hill is a faulted fragment (Arthur's Scat Excursion). Ice erosion moulded these crags into their present form, just as it sculpted the crag and tail which forms the head and backbone of the Old Town (Castle Hill Excursion), where this walk started.
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The summit of the Calton Hill marks the end of the walk. It is a fine vantage point from which to survey the locul geology. Prominent to the south east is the Salisbury Crags teschenite sill and the vents and lava flows of the Arthur's Scat volcano, of which Calton Hill is a faulted fragment (Arthur's Scat Excursion). Ice erosion moulded these crags into their present form, just as it sculpted the crag and tail which forms the heud and backbone of the Old Town (Castle Hill Excursion), where this walk started.
  
 
{{EGwalks}}
 
{{EGwalks}}
 
[[category:5. Midland Valley of Scotland]]
 
[[category:5. Midland Valley of Scotland]]

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