Editing Case Study Aquifer Contract Morocco

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:- Reliance on supply-side solutions: the aquifer contract relied on the supply of additional surface water to substitute for reducing groundwater abstraction, but this meant a lengthy infrastructure programme, which was delayed due to budget constraints, and these delays were used by farmers’ associations as a reason to postpone installation of groundwater abstraction water meters.  
 
:- Reliance on supply-side solutions: the aquifer contract relied on the supply of additional surface water to substitute for reducing groundwater abstraction, but this meant a lengthy infrastructure programme, which was delayed due to budget constraints, and these delays were used by farmers’ associations as a reason to postpone installation of groundwater abstraction water meters.  
  
:- Smaller scale farmers were less well represented in the contract, because they do not have organised worker associations. By contrast, the larger scale farmers were already well organised into cooperatives and associations, and could use the contract to further their vested interests. Conflicts between larger and smaller scale farmers predated the contract, and were not directly addressed or ameliorated by the contract measures.
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:- Smaller scale farmers were less well represented in the contract, because they do not have organised worker associations. By contrast, the larger scale farmers were already well organised into cooperatives and associations, and could use the contract to further their vested interests. Conflict issues between larger and smaller scale farmers predated the contract, and was not directly addressed or ameliorated by the contract measures.
  
 
:- There was duplication between laws and consensus structures related to the contract, which led to uncertainty in implementing measures.  For example, boreholes can be legalised under the 1995 Water Law, as well as under the contract framework, so it is unclear which rules to use.  
 
:- There was duplication between laws and consensus structures related to the contract, which led to uncertainty in implementing measures.  For example, boreholes can be legalised under the 1995 Water Law, as well as under the contract framework, so it is unclear which rules to use.  

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