Editing Cyprus — Colonial Geological Surveys 1947–1956

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Bordering the diabase of the Troodos massif there are pillow lavas, which have been divided into three groups: (1) Upper Pillow Lavas, (2) Lower Pillow Lavas, (3) The Basal Group, and are described in the Annual Report of the Department for 1955. Field evidence so far obtained suggests that the Basal Group may antedate the diabase, with which in places it appears to merge. The Upper Pillow Lavas are, however, definitely later than the diabase, which in places they overlie. According to Henson, Browne and McGinty, the pillow lavas are probably of Senonian (Upper Cretaceous) age. They are undoubtedly younger than the Lapithos beds, the earliest of which are Maestrichtian. It has, however, been recognised that pillow lavas and volcanic tuffs occur in the Mamonia (Triassic beds), and Bishopp suggested that a major portion of the pillow lavas fringing Troodos might be Triassic in age. Recent discovery of sediments of Jurassic (probably Liassic) age near Trimiklini, on the south side of Troodos and apparently resting on the Pillow Lava Series, confirms this suggestion and it would appear likely that all the lavas—except possibly in the Kyrenia range—are pre Jurassic and probably of Triassic age.
 
Bordering the diabase of the Troodos massif there are pillow lavas, which have been divided into three groups: (1) Upper Pillow Lavas, (2) Lower Pillow Lavas, (3) The Basal Group, and are described in the Annual Report of the Department for 1955. Field evidence so far obtained suggests that the Basal Group may antedate the diabase, with which in places it appears to merge. The Upper Pillow Lavas are, however, definitely later than the diabase, which in places they overlie. According to Henson, Browne and McGinty, the pillow lavas are probably of Senonian (Upper Cretaceous) age. They are undoubtedly younger than the Lapithos beds, the earliest of which are Maestrichtian. It has, however, been recognised that pillow lavas and volcanic tuffs occur in the Mamonia (Triassic beds), and Bishopp suggested that a major portion of the pillow lavas fringing Troodos might be Triassic in age. Recent discovery of sediments of Jurassic (probably Liassic) age near Trimiklini, on the south side of Troodos and apparently resting on the Pillow Lava Series, confirms this suggestion and it would appear likely that all the lavas—except possibly in the Kyrenia range—are pre Jurassic and probably of Triassic age.
  
The earliest rocks known in Cyprus prior to 1952 were the Trypa Formation, to the lowest members of which—the Mamonia Formation, the Petra-tou-Roumiou Limestone and the Akamas Sandstone—an Upper Triassic age has been ascribed. Renz, however, considered some radiolarites to be of Permian age, but this statement requires confirmation. Hornblende- and quartz-mica-schists have now been discovered on the coast near Polis and also near Episkopi, both localities being in the Paphos district. Although the precise age of these rocks is not known, it is not likely to be younger than the Devonian and may be much older.
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The earliest rocks known in Cyprus prior to 1952 were the Trypa Formation, to the lowest members of which—the Mamonia Formation, the Petra-tou-Roumiou Limestone and the Akamas Sandstone—an Upper Triassic age has been ascribed. Renz, however, considered some radiolarites to be of Permian age, but this statement requires confirmation. Hornblende- and quartz-mica- schists have now been discovered on the coast near Polis and also near Episkopi, both localities being in the Paphos district. Although the precise age of these rocks is not known, it is not likely to be younger than the Devonian and may be much older.
  
 
In the south of the island, rocks of the Mamonia formation and blocks of Petra-tou-Roumiou limestone, associated with lavas and sheared serpentine, are of more widespread occurrence than has been shown on any published geological map. In addition to the two outcrops previously known near Pendakomo, similar deposits have been observed in the Limassol district near Moni, Pyrgos, Parakklishia, Armenokhori, Phinikaria and Akrounda.
 
In the south of the island, rocks of the Mamonia formation and blocks of Petra-tou-Roumiou limestone, associated with lavas and sheared serpentine, are of more widespread occurrence than has been shown on any published geological map. In addition to the two outcrops previously known near Pendakomo, similar deposits have been observed in the Limassol district near Moni, Pyrgos, Parakklishia, Armenokhori, Phinikaria and Akrounda.

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