Difference between revisions of "First hundred years of the Geological Survey of Great Britain"

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From: Flett, J.S. 1937. The History of the Geological Survey of Great Britain. London: His Majesty’s Stationery Office.

Part I

I. Antecedents

II. The Geological Survey under Sir Henry Thomas De la Beche, 1835–1835

III. The Geological Survey under Sir Roderick Impey Murchison, 1855–1871

IV. The Geological Survey under Sir Andrew Crombie Ramsay, 1871–1881

V. The Geological Survey under Sir Archibald Geikie, 1882–1901

VI. The Geological Survey under Sir Jethro Justinian Harris Teall, 1901–1914

VII. The Geological Survey under Sir Aubrey Strahan,1914–1920

VIII. The Geological Survey under Sir John Smith Flett, 1920–1935

Part II

The ceremonial opening of the new Museum Of Practical Geology and offices of the Geological Survey of Great Britain By His Royal Highness The Duke Of York, K.G.

The celebration of the centenary of the Geological Survey of Great Britain

Appendix I List of delegates and overseas guests who attended the ceremonies of the opening of the new Museum of Practical Geology and the celebration of the centenary of the Geological Survey of Great Britain

Appendix II Staff List of the Geological Survey and Museum, 1835–1935

Appendix III Bibliography

The sources of information regarding the history of the Geological Survey of Great Britain during the past 100 years are numerous and rather widely scattered. The most authentic, of course, are the official papers preserved by the various Departments under which the Geological Survey has acted. These are in the files of the Ordnance Survey, H.M. Office of Works, Science and Art Department, Board of Education and Department of Scientific and Industrial Research. In the offices of the Geological Survey there is also a considerable collection of letters and official papers (often duplicates) which goes back over many years and often contains very interesting personal memoranda, though many of them are not suitable for publication. The general course of business is beat reflected in the Annual Reports of the Director (since 1853) and Summaries of Progress (since 1897), which may be accepted as thoroughly trustworthy. Much additional information may be gleaned from periodicals such as Nature, The Geological Magazine, The Mining Journal, The Proceedings, Transasctions and The Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London. Many particulars of interest have also been found in the prefaces to the memoirs and other publications of the Geological Survey of Great Britain. A full list of the maps and memoirs of the Geological Survey is published by H.M. Stationery Office at intervals of a few years, and these lists have yielded valuable information regarding the staffs and state of progress of publication at various dates.

The following are the principal books and papers of a biographical and historical character from which information has been extracted

BERRY, HENRY F A History of The Royal Dublin Society. 1915.

BONNEY, T. G. .Charles Lyell and Modern Geology. 1901.

BONNEY, T. G Memories of a Long Life. 1921.

CHAMBERS, THEODORE G Register of the Associates and Old Students of The Royal College of Chemistry, The Royal School of Mines, and The Royal College of Science. 1896.

CLARK, J. W., and T. MCKE~Y HUGHES The Life and Letters of The Reverend Adam Sedgwick. 2 vols., 1890.

CLOSE, Col. Sir CHARLES The Early Years of the Ordnance Survey. 1926.

CLOSE, Col. Sir CHARLES The Map of England. 1932.

DARWIN, FRANCIS The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin. ~ vols., 1887.

DARWIN, FRANCIS, and A. C. SEwARD More Letters of Charles Darwin. 2 vols., 1903.

FORBES, EDWARD On the Educational Uses of Museums. 1853.

GEIKIE, ARCHIBALD Life of Sir Roderick I. Murchison. 2 vols., 1875.

GEIKIE, ARCHIBALD Geological Sketches at Home and Abroad. 1882.

GEIKIE, Sir ARCHIBALD Memoir of Sir Andrew Crombie Ramsay. 1895.

GEIKIE, Sir ARCHIBALD The Founders of Geology. 1897.

GEIKIE, Sir ARCHIBALD Scottish Reminiscences. 1904.

GEIKIE, Sir ARCHIBALD A Long Life’s Work: An Autobiography. 1924.

GORDON, Mrs The Life and Correspondence of William Buckland, D.D., F.R.S. 1894.

HARRINGTON, BERNARD J Life of Sir William E. Logan, Kt. 1883.

HULL, EDWARD Reminiscences of a Strenuous Life. 1910.

HUXLEY, LEONARD Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley. 2 vols., 1900.

HUXLEY, LEONARD Life and Letters of Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker. 2 vols., 1918.

IRONS, JAMES CAMPBELL Autobiographical Sketch of James Croll. 1896.

JUKES, J. BEETE Letters and Extracts from the Addresses and Occasional Writings of J. Beete Jukes. Edited by his sister, Mrs. C. A. Browne, 1871.

KENDALL, PERCY FRY, and HERBERT E. WROOT Geology of Yorkshire. 1924.

LYELL, Mrs Life, Letters and Journals of Sir Charles Lyell, Bart. 2 vols., 1881.

MACNAIR, PETER, and FREDERICK MORT History of the Geological Society of Glasgow, 185 1908. 1908.

MURCHISON, Sir RODERICK 1 Siluria. 5th. edn., 1872.

NEWBIGIN, MARION I., and J. S. FLETT James Geikie. The Man and the Geologist. 1917.

NORTH, F. J Geological Maps, their history and development with special reference to Wales. National Museum of Wales, 1928.

NORTH, F. J From the Geological Map to the Geological Survey. Trans. Cardiff Naturalists’ Soc., Vol. LXV, 1934.

NORTH, F. J Further Chapters in the History of Geology in South Wales. Trans. Cardiff Naturalists’ Soc., Vol. LXVII, 1934.

PERCY, JOHN Metallurgy:

Fuel; Fire-Clays; Copper; Zinc; Brass, etc. 1861.

Iron and Steel. 1864.

The Metallurgy of Lead. 1870.

Silver and Gol Part I, 1880.

PHILLIPS, JOHN Memoirs of William Smith, LL.D. 1844.

PORTLOCK, J. E Memoir of the Life of Major-General Colby. R.E. Professional Papers, Chatham. 1853, 1855, 1856.

PRESTWICH, Mrs. G. A Life and Letters of Sir Joseph Prestwich. 1899.

RAMSAY, A. C ’ The Origin and Progress of the Geological Survey of the British Isles, and the method on which it is conducted.’ South Kensington Museum. Conferences held in connection with the Special Loan Collection of Scientific Apparatus, 1876, pp. 36 380.

REEKS, MARGARET Registster of the Associates and Old Students of the Royal School of Mines, and History of the Royal School of Mines. 1920.

REID, WEMYSS Memoirs and Correspondence of Lyon Playfair. 1899.

RICHARDSON, BENJAMIN W Thomas Sopwith, M.A., C.E., F.R.S., with excerpts from his diary of fifty-seven years. 1891.

SHEPPARD, THoMAs William Smith: His Maps and Memoirs. 1920.

SOPWITH, T Account of the Museum of Economic Geology. 1843.

VOLHARD, J., and EMIL FIsCHER August Wilhelm von Hofmann. Em Lebensbild. 1902.

WILSON, GEORGE, and ARCHIBALD GEIkie. Memoir of Edward Forbes, F.R.S. 1861.

WINTERBOTHAM, Brigadier H. St. J. L The National Plans. Ordnance Survey, Professional Papers. New Series, No. 16, 1934.

WOODWARD, HORACE B The History of the Geological Society of London. 1907.

YOUNG, JOHN Essays and Addresses (with a Memoir). 1904.

ZITTEL, K. A. v Geschichte der Geologie und Paläontologie. 1899. Translated by Maria M. Ogilvie Gordon, 1901.

Dictionary of National Biography.

Ministry of Munitions of War. Report of the Controller of the Department for the Development of Mineral Resources in the United Kingdom, 1918. (H.M. Stationery Office.)

Ministry of Reconstruction. Coal Conservation Committee.

Interim Report of the Mining Sub-Committee, 1917.

Coal Conservation Committee. Final Report, 1918. (H.M. Stationery Office.)

Report of the Machinery of Government Committee, 1918. (H.M. Stationery Office.)

Minutes of Evidence taken before the Committee on the Geological Survey and Museum of Practical Geology, 1900 (unpublished).

Report of the Commissioners appointed to inquire into the several matters relating to Coal in the United Kingdom, Vols. III, 1871.

Final Report of the Royal Commission on Coal Supplies, Parts XIII, 1905.

Report of the Departmental Committee on the Science Museum and Geological Museum, 1911, and Part II, 1912. (H.M. Stationery Office).

Record of the Royal Society of London, 3rd edition, revised, 1912.

Royal Commission on National Museums and Art Galleries.

Interim Report. September, 1928.

Oral Evidence, Memoranda and Appendices to the Interim Report, 1928.

Final Report, Part I, September, 1928. General Conclusions and Recommendations.

Final Report, Part II, January, 1930. Conclusions and Recommendations relating to individual institutions.

Oral Evidence, Memoranda and Appendices to the Final Report, 1929.