Editing Groundwater use

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Groundwater is the main source of water for drinking, cooking and sanitation for most people in Africa, especially in the dry season - for both rural and much of urban populations. Most groundwater is abstracted directly by users from low yielding, relatively shallow (usually less than 50 m deep) boreholes or hand dug wells, usually with hand pumps. Deeper, higher yielding boreholes are less common, but are used in many urban areas to provide piped municipal water supplies, usually with electric (increasingly solar powered) or hydrocarbon pumps.  
 
Groundwater is the main source of water for drinking, cooking and sanitation for most people in Africa, especially in the dry season - for both rural and much of urban populations. Most groundwater is abstracted directly by users from low yielding, relatively shallow (usually less than 50 m deep) boreholes or hand dug wells, usually with hand pumps. Deeper, higher yielding boreholes are less common, but are used in many urban areas to provide piped municipal water supplies, usually with electric (increasingly solar powered) or hydrocarbon pumps.  
  
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[[File:DomGWHP.jpg | left| 400px| Domestic water from groundwater (a protected borehole with handpump)]]
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[[File:DomGWHP.jpg | left| 300px| Domestic water from groundwater (a protected borehole with handpump)]]
 
 
[[File:Irrigation.png | right | 400px| Small scale irrigation from groundwater (a protected borehole with handpump)]]
 
[[File:Irrigation.png | right | 400px| Small scale irrigation from groundwater (a protected borehole with handpump)]]
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Evidence suggests there is growing use of groundwater to support economic livelihood activities in Africa - particularly for irrigated agriculture and for industry. Most of this is likely to be at a small scale - by individuals or communities, such as to support market garden irrigation or local food or drink businesses.  
 
Evidence suggests there is growing use of groundwater to support economic livelihood activities in Africa - particularly for irrigated agriculture and for industry. Most of this is likely to be at a small scale - by individuals or communities, such as to support market garden irrigation or local food or drink businesses.  
  
However, it is very difficult to estimate how much groundwater is being used in Africa, and for what purposes. This page gives information on some of the main sources of available information.
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However, it is very difficult to estimate how much groundwater is being used in Africa, and for what purposes. This page gives information on some of the main sources of available information.  
  
 
==Estimating groundwater use==
 
==Estimating groundwater use==

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