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   '''Lire cette page en français: [[Hydrogéologie du Burkina Faso | Hydrogéologie du Burkina Faso]]''' [[File: flag_of_france.png  | 50px]]
 
   '''Lire cette page en français: [[Hydrogéologie du Burkina Faso | Hydrogéologie du Burkina Faso]]''' [[File: flag_of_france.png  | 50px]]
  
[[File:CC-BY-SA_logo_88x31.png | frame | This work is licensed under a [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License]]]
 
  
 
Burkina Faso is a landlocked, francophone Sahelian country. Gaining independence in 1960 and changing its name from the Republic of Upper Volta in 1984, the country embarked on an ambitious programme of socioeconomic improvement with an autonomist agenda. A public uprising in 2014 and military uprising in 2015 was followed by elections, a new president, the reversal of many previous Marxist policies, and the country becoming a strong ally of the USA and France in West Africa.
 
Burkina Faso is a landlocked, francophone Sahelian country. Gaining independence in 1960 and changing its name from the Republic of Upper Volta in 1984, the country embarked on an ambitious programme of socioeconomic improvement with an autonomist agenda. A public uprising in 2014 and military uprising in 2015 was followed by elections, a new president, the reversal of many previous Marxist policies, and the country becoming a strong ally of the USA and France in West Africa.
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==Authors==
 
==Authors==
  
'''Dr Youssouf Koussoubé''', Université de Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
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'''Youssouf Koussoube''', Université de Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
  
 
'''Kirsty Upton''', '''Brighid Ó Dochartaigh''', British Geological Survey, UK
 
'''Kirsty Upton''', '''Brighid Ó Dochartaigh''', British Geological Survey, UK
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'''Dr Imogen Bellwood-Howard''', Institute for Development Studies, UK
 
'''Dr Imogen Bellwood-Howard''', Institute for Development Studies, UK
  
Please cite this page as: Koussoubé, Upton, Ó Dochartaigh and Bellwood-Howard, 2018.
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Please cite this page as: Koussoube, Upton, Ó Dochartaigh and Bellwood-Howard, 2018.
  
Bibliographic reference: Koussoubé, Y, Upton, K, Ó Dochartaigh, B É and Bellwood-Howard, I. 2018. Africa Groundwater Atlas: Hydrogeology of Burkina Faso. British Geological Survey. Accessed [date you accessed the information]. http://earthwise.bgs.ac.uk/index.php/Hydrogeology_of_Burkina_Faso
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Bibliographic reference: Koussoube, Y, Upton, K, Ó Dochartaigh, B É and Bellwood-Howard, I. 2018. Africa Groundwater Atlas: Hydrogeology of Burkina Faso. British Geological Survey. Accessed [date you accessed the information]. http://earthwise.bgs.ac.uk/index.php/Hydrogeology_of_Burkina_Faso
  
 
==Terms and conditions==
 
==Terms and conditions==
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|Urban population with access to safe drinking water (%) || || ||  || || ||97.5
 
|Urban population with access to safe drinking water (%) || || ||  || || ||97.5
 
|-
 
|-
|Population affected by water related disease (per 1000 inhabitants)|| ||655,000||  || || ||
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|Population affected by water related disease || ||655,000||  || || ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Total internal renewable water resources (cubic metres/inhabitant/year) || || ||  || ||690.4 ||
 
|Total internal renewable water resources (cubic metres/inhabitant/year) || || ||  || ||690.4 ||
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|Total exploitable water resources (Million cubic metres/year) || || ||  ||4,750 || ||
 
|Total exploitable water resources (Million cubic metres/year) || || ||  ||4,750 || ||
 
|-
 
|-
|Freshwater withdrawal as % of total renewable water resources || || ||6.06 || || ||
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|Freshwater withdrawal as % of total renewable water resources || || ||6.059 || || ||
 
|-
 
|-
|Total renewable groundwater (Million cubic metres/year) || || || || ||9,500 ||
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|Renewable groundwater resources (Million cubic metres/year) || || || || || ||
|-
 
|Exploitable: Regular renewable groundwater (Million cubic metres/year) ||No data||No data||No data||No data||No data||No data
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Groundwater produced internally (Million cubic metres/year) || || ||  || || 95,000 ||
 
|Groundwater produced internally (Million cubic metres/year) || || ||  || || 95,000 ||
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|Fresh groundwater withdrawal (primary and secondary) (Million cubic metres/year) ||11 || ||  || || ||
 
|Fresh groundwater withdrawal (primary and secondary) (Million cubic metres/year) ||11 || ||  || || ||
 
|-
 
|-
|Groundwater: entering the country (total) (Million cubic metres/year) ||No data||No data||No data||No data||No data||No data
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|Groundwater: entering the country (total) (Million cubic metres/year) || || || || || ||
 
|-
 
|-
|Groundwater: leaving the country to other countries (total) (Million cubic metres/year) ||No data||No data||No data||No data||No data||No data
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|Groundwater: leaving the country to other countries (total) (Million cubic metres/year) || || || || || ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Industrial water withdrawal (all water sources) (Million cubic metres/year) || || || 21.7 || || ||
 
|Industrial water withdrawal (all water sources) (Million cubic metres/year) || || || 21.7 || || ||
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The geology map on this page shows a simplified version of the geology at a national scale (see [[Geology | the Geology resources page]] for more details).  
 
The geology map on this page shows a simplified version of the geology at a national scale (see [[Geology | the Geology resources page]] for more details).  
 
[https://www.bgs.ac.uk/africagroundwateratlas/downloadGIS.html '''Download a GIS shapefile of the Burkina Faso geology and hydrogeology map'''].
 
  
 
A higher resolution map at 1:1 000 000 scale is published by the Ministere des Mines, des Carrieres et de l'Energie (Castaing et al., 2003a, 2003b).
 
A higher resolution map at 1:1 000 000 scale is published by the Ministere des Mines, des Carrieres et de l'Energie (Castaing et al., 2003a, 2003b).
  
[[File:BurkinaFaso_Geology4.png | centre | thumb| 500 px| Geology of Burkina Faso at 1:5 million scale. Developed from USGS map (Persits et al., 2002). For more information on how the map was developed see the [[Geology | geology resource page]]. [https://www.bgs.ac.uk/africagroundwateratlas/downloadGIS.html Download a GIS shapefile of the Burkina Faso geology and hydrogeology map].]]
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[[File:BurkinaFaso_Geology3.png | centre | thumb| 500 px| Geology of Burkina Faso at 1:5 million scale. Developed from USGS map (Persits et al., 2002). For more information on how the map was developed see the [[Geology | geology resource page]]]]
  
 
{| class = "wikitable"
 
{| class = "wikitable"
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==Hydrogeology==
 
==Hydrogeology==
 
Geology is the main control on aquifer productivity and groundwater potential.
 
  
 
This section provides a summary of the hydrogeology of the main aquifers in Burkina Faso.  More information is available in the references listed at the bottom of this page. Many of these references can be accessed through the [https://www.bgs.ac.uk/africaGroundwaterAtlas/atlas.cfc?method=listResults&title_search=&author_search=&category_search=&country=BF&placeboolean=AND&singlecountry=1 Africa Groundwater Literature Archive].
 
This section provides a summary of the hydrogeology of the main aquifers in Burkina Faso.  More information is available in the references listed at the bottom of this page. Many of these references can be accessed through the [https://www.bgs.ac.uk/africaGroundwaterAtlas/atlas.cfc?method=listResults&title_search=&author_search=&category_search=&country=BF&placeboolean=AND&singlecountry=1 Africa Groundwater Literature Archive].
  
The hydrogeology map on this page shows a simplified version of the type and productivity of the main aquifers at a national scale (see the [[Africa Groundwater Atlas Hydrogeology Maps | Hydrogeology map]] resource page for more details).  
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The hydrogeology map on this page shows a simplified version of the type and productivity of the main aquifers at a national scale (see the [[Hydrogeology Map | Hydrogeology map]] resource page for more details).  
  
[https://www.bgs.ac.uk/africagroundwateratlas/downloadGIS.html '''Download a GIS shapefile of the Burkina Faso geology and hydrogeology map'''].
+
  [[File:BurkinaFaso_Hydrogeology3.png| center | thumb| 500px|| Hydrogeology of Burkina Faso at 1:5 million scale. For more information on how the map was developed see the [[Hydrogeology Map | Hydrogeology map]] resource page]]
 
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Geology is the main control on aquifer productivity and groundwater potential.  
  [[File:BurkinaFaso_Hydrogeology4.png| center | thumb| 500px|| Hydrogeology of Burkina Faso at 1:5 million scale. For more information on how the map was developed see the [[Africa Groundwater Atlas Hydrogeology Maps | Hydrogeology map]] resource page. [https://www.bgs.ac.uk/africagroundwateratlas/downloadGIS.html Download a GIS shapefile of the Burkina Faso geology and hydrogeology map].]]
 
  
 
====Unconsolidated====
 
====Unconsolidated====
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Groundwater in Burkina Faso is used mainly for drinking water supply, particularly for small supplies in rural areas and smaller towns. The second city of Bobo Diolasso, which lies on a moderately productive aquifer, relies relatively heavily on groundwater. The capital Ouagadougou, lying on the relatively low productivity basement aquifer, is largely dependent on surface water, but some 15% of its water supply comes from groundwater, which is particularly important in the dry season.  
 
Groundwater in Burkina Faso is used mainly for drinking water supply, particularly for small supplies in rural areas and smaller towns. The second city of Bobo Diolasso, which lies on a moderately productive aquifer, relies relatively heavily on groundwater. The capital Ouagadougou, lying on the relatively low productivity basement aquifer, is largely dependent on surface water, but some 15% of its water supply comes from groundwater, which is particularly important in the dry season.  
  
Some groundwater is used for small-scale market garden irrigation, for example supporting dry season cultivation in the south. It is also used for for livestock watering. Industry is the smallest user of groundwater in the country (Obuobie and Barry 2012).  
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Some groundwater is used for small-scale market garden irrigation, for example supporting dry season cultivation in the south. It is also used for for livestock watering. Industry is the smallest user of groundwater in the country (Obuobie and Barry, 2012).  
  
Groundwater abstraction is mainly from drilled boreholes and hand-dug wells. The total estimated number of boreholes in Burkina Faso was 24,350 in 2005. Most boreholes are fitted with pumps: these are typically mechanised in urban areas, and hand pumps in rural areas.
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Groundwater abstraction is mainly from drilled boreholes and hand-dug wells. The total estimated number of boreholes in Burkina Faso was 24.350 in 2005. Most boreholes are fitted with pumps: these are typically mechanised in urban areas, and hand pumps in rural areas.
  
 
=== Groundwater management===
 
=== Groundwater management===
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[http://www.bumigeb.bf/index.htm Bureau des Mines et de la Geologie du Burkina].
 
[http://www.bumigeb.bf/index.htm Bureau des Mines et de la Geologie du Burkina].
  
===Geology references===
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===Geology: key references===
  
 
Castaing, C, Le Metour, J, et Billa, M (Coordonnateurs). 2003a. Carte géologique et minière du Burkina Faso à 1/1 000 000. Projet SYSMIN 7 ACP BK 074: Cartographie géologique au Burkina Faso; Ministere des Mines, des Carriers et de l'Energie; Direction des Etudes et de la Planification; financé par l'Union Européenne.
 
Castaing, C, Le Metour, J, et Billa, M (Coordonnateurs). 2003a. Carte géologique et minière du Burkina Faso à 1/1 000 000. Projet SYSMIN 7 ACP BK 074: Cartographie géologique au Burkina Faso; Ministere des Mines, des Carriers et de l'Energie; Direction des Etudes et de la Planification; financé par l'Union Européenne.
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Sattran, V, et Wenmenga, U. 2002. Géologie du Burkina Faso (Czech Edition), 10 dec 2002, République de Haute-Volta, Edition BRGM, 56p
 
Sattran, V, et Wenmenga, U. 2002. Géologie du Burkina Faso (Czech Edition), 10 dec 2002, République de Haute-Volta, Edition BRGM, 56p
  
===Hydrogeology references===
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===Hydrogeology: key references===
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Barry B, Obuobie E, Andreini M, Andah W and Pluquet M. 2005. [http://www.iwmi.cgiar.org/assessment/files_new/research_projects/river_basin_development_and_management/VoltaRiverBasin_Boubacar.pdf Comprehensive assessment of water management in agriculture (comparative study of river basin development and management)]. Int. Water Manag. Inst.
  
 
BGS. 2002. Groundwater Quality: Burkina Faso. British Geological Survey. http://www.wateraid.org/~/media/Publications/groundwater-quality-information-burkina-faso.pdf
 
BGS. 2002. Groundwater Quality: Burkina Faso. British Geological Survey. http://www.wateraid.org/~/media/Publications/groundwater-quality-information-burkina-faso.pdf
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Ministère de l'eau. 1990. Etude des ressources en eau souterraine du Yatenga - CIEH, série hydrogéologie, 138p.
 
Ministère de l'eau. 1990. Etude des ressources en eau souterraine du Yatenga - CIEH, série hydrogéologie, 138p.
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Ministère de l'environnement et de l'eau. 1998. Politique et stratégies en matière d'eau 126p.
  
 
Obuobie E and Barry B. 2012. Burkina Faso, in Groundwater Availability and Use in Sub-Saharan Africa; a review of fifteen countries. Pavelic, P, et al. (Eds). International Water Management Institute, Sri Lanka.  
 
Obuobie E and Barry B. 2012. Burkina Faso, in Groundwater Availability and Use in Sub-Saharan Africa; a review of fifteen countries. Pavelic, P, et al. (Eds). International Water Management Institute, Sri Lanka.  
  
 
Smedley PL, Knudsen J and Maiga D. 2007. Arsenic in groundwater from mineralised Proterozoic basement rocks of Burkina Faso. Applied Geochemistry, Vol. 22, 1074-1092.  
 
Smedley PL, Knudsen J and Maiga D. 2007. Arsenic in groundwater from mineralised Proterozoic basement rocks of Burkina Faso. Applied Geochemistry, Vol. 22, 1074-1092.  
 
Traoré U. 2019. [http://www.rural-water-supply.net/en/resources/details/875 Challenges of Water Well Drillers & Water Well Drillers Associations: Case Studies of Six Countries (Angola, Burkina Faso, Mozambique, Nigeria, United States of America, and Uganda)]. Skat Foundation and the Rural Water Supply Network, St. Gallen Switzerland, September 2019.
 
  
 
United Nations. 1988. [https://www.bgs.ac.uk/africaGroundwaterAtlas/atlas.cfc?method=ViewDetails&id=AGLA060029 Burkina Faso, in Groundwater in North and West Africa]. Natural Resources/Water Series No. 18, ST/TCD/5. Department of Technical Co-operation for Development and Economic Commission for Africa.  
 
United Nations. 1988. [https://www.bgs.ac.uk/africaGroundwaterAtlas/atlas.cfc?method=ViewDetails&id=AGLA060029 Burkina Faso, in Groundwater in North and West Africa]. Natural Resources/Water Series No. 18, ST/TCD/5. Department of Technical Co-operation for Development and Economic Commission for Africa.  
  
===General references===
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WaterAid. 2013. [file:///C:/Users/beod/Downloads/strengthening%20WASH%20services%20and%20community%20resilience.pdf Strengthening WASH services and community resilience through community-based water resource management]. Briefing note. WaterAid, Burkina Faso
 
 
Barry B, Obuobie E, Andreini M, Andah W and Pluquet M. 2005. [http://www.iwmi.cgiar.org/assessment/files_new/research_projects/river_basin_development_and_management/VoltaRiverBasin_Boubacar.pdf Comprehensive assessment of water management in agriculture (comparative study of river basin development and management)]. Int. Water Manag. Inst.
 
 
 
Danert K. 2019. Concerns about corrosion and the quality of handpump components in Burkina Faso and beyond. Skat Foundation. Report available [http://skat.ch/book/concerns-about-corrosion-and-the-quality-of-handpump-components/ in English] and [http://skat.ch/book/qualite-et-corrosion-des-pieces-composantes-des-pompes-a-motricite/ en français].
 
 
 
Ministère de l'environnement et de l'eau. 1998. Politique et stratégies en matière d'eau 126p.
 
 
 
WaterAid. 2013. [https://washmatters.wateraid.org/publications/strengthening-wash-services-and-community-resilience-through-community-based-water Strengthening WASH services and community resilience through community-based water resource management]. Briefing note. WaterAid, Burkina Faso
 
 
 
  
 
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