Difference between revisions of "Hydrogeology of Burundi"

From Earthwise
Jump to navigation Jump to search
[checked revision][checked revision]
Line 1: Line 1:
[[Africa Groundwater Atlas Home | Africa Groundwater Atlas]] >> [[Hydrogeology by country | Hydrogeology by country]] >> Hydrogeology of Burundi
+
[[Africa Groundwater Atlas Home | Africa Groundwater Atlas]] >> [[Hydrogeology by country | Hydrogeology by country]] >> Hydrogeology of Burundi
  
==Authors==
 
  
==[[Geographical Setting]]==
+
'''If you have more recent information on the hydrogeology of Burundi, please get in touch.'''
Type here . .
+
 
 +
 
 +
==Compilers==
 +
 
 +
'''Dr Kirsty Upton''' and '''Brighid Ó Dochartaigh''', British Geological Survey, UK
 +
 
 +
==Geographical Setting==
 +
 
 +
[[File:Burundi_Political.png | right | frame | Map of Burundi (For more information on the datasets used in the map see the [[Geography | geography resources section]])]]
  
 
===General===
 
===General===
  
===[[Climate]]===
+
{| class = "wikitable"
Type here . .
+
|-
 +
|Estimated Population in 2013* || 10,162,532
 +
|-
 +
|Rural Population (% of total) (2013)* || 88.5%
 +
|-
 +
|Total Surface Area* || 25,680 sq km
 +
|-
 +
|Agricultural Land (% of total area) (2012)* || 75.3%
 +
|-
 +
|Capital City || Bujumbura
 +
|-
 +
|Region || Eastern/Central Africa
 +
|-
 +
|Border Countries || Rwanda, Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west
 +
|-
 +
|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal (2013)* || 288 Million cubic metres
 +
|-
 +
|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Agriculture (2013)* || 77.1%
 +
|-
 +
|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Domestic Use (2013)* || 17%
 +
|-
 +
|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Industry (2013)* || 5.9%
 +
|-
 +
|Rural Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)* || 73.2%
 +
|-
 +
|Urban Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)* || 91.5%
 +
|}
  
====Climate zones====
+
<nowiki>*</nowiki> Source: World Bank
Type here . .
 
  
===[[Surface water]]===
 
Type here . .
 
  
===[[Soil]]===
+
===Climate===
Type here . .
 
  
===[[Land cover]]===
+
<gallery widths="375px" heights=365px mode=nolines>
Type here . .
+
File:Burundi_ClimateZones.png |Koppen Geiger Climate Zones
 +
File:Burundi_ClimatePrecip.png |Average Annual Precipitation
 +
File:Burundi_ClimateTemp.png |Average Temperature
 +
</gallery>
  
==[[Geology]]==
+
[[File:Burundi_pre_Monthly.png| 255x124px| Average monthly precipitation for Burundi showing minimum and maximum (light blue), 25th and 75th percentile (blue), and median (dark blue) rainfall]] [[File:Burundi_tmp_Monthly.png| 255x124px| Average monthly temperature for Burundi showing minimum and maximum (orange), 25th and 75th percentile (red), and median (black) temperature]] [[File:Burundi_pre_Qts.png | 255x124px | Quarterly precipitation over the period 1950-2012]] [[File:Burundi_pre_Mts.png|255x124px | Monthly precipitation (blue) over the period 2000-2012 compared with the long term monthly average (red)]]
Type here . .
+
 +
For further detail on the climate datasets used see the [[Climate | climate resources section]].
 +
 
 +
===Surface water===
 +
 
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
 
 +
 
 +
| [[File:Burundi_Hydrology.png | frame | Surface Water Map of Burundi (For more information on the datasets used in the map see the [[Surface water | surface water resources section]])]]
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
===Soil===
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:Burundi_soil.png | frame | Soil Map of Burundi (For map key and more information on the datasets used in the map see the [[Soil | soil resources section]])]]
 +
 
 +
|
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
===Land cover===
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
 
 +
| [[File:Burundi_LandCover.png | frame | Land Cover Map of Burundi (For map key and more information on the datasets used in the map see the [[Land cover | land cover resources section]])]]
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
==Geology==
 +
 
 +
This section provides a summary of the geology of Burundi. More information is available in the report [ADD LINK UN] (1988) (see References section, below).
 +
 
 +
The geology map shows a simplified version of the geology at a national scale (see [[Geology | the Geology resources page]] for more details).
 +
 
 +
[[File:Burundi_Geology.png | right]]
  
 
==Hydrogeology==
 
==Hydrogeology==
Type here . .
 
  
===[[Aquifer properties]]===
+
This section provides a summary of the hydrogeology of the main aquifers in COUNTRY. More information is available in the report [ADD LINK UN] (1988) (see References section, below).
Type here . .
+
 
 +
The hydrogeology map shows a simplified version of the type and productivity of the main aquifers at a national scale (see [[Aquifer properties| the Aquifer properties resource page]] for more details).
 +
 
 +
[[File:Burundi_Hydrogeology.png]] [[File: Hydrogeology_Key.png | 500x195px]]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
  
===[[Groundwater quality issues | Groundwater quality]]===
+
=== Transboundary aquifers===
Type here . .
 
  
==Groundwater use and  management==
+
For further information about transboundary aquifers, please see the [[Transboundary aquifers | Transboundary aquifers resources page]]
Type here . .
 
  
===[[Groundwater use]]===
+
==References==
Type here . .
 
  
===[[Groundwater management]] and [[Transboundary aquifers]]===
+
References with more information on the geology and hydrogeology of Burundi can be accessed through the [http://www.bgs.ac.uk/africagroundwateratlas/searchResults.cfm?title_search=&author_search=&category_search=&country_search=BI&placeboolean=AND&singlecountry=1 Africa Groundwater Literature Archive].
Type here . .
 
  
 +
United Nations. 1989. [http://www.bgs.ac.uk/africagroundwateratlas/fulldetails.cfm?id=AGLA060003 Groundwater in Eastern, Central and Southern Africa: Burundi]. United Nations Department of Technical Cooperation for Development.
  
 +
==Return to the index pages==
 +
[[Africa Groundwater Atlas Home | Africa Groundwater Atlas]] >> [[Hydrogeology by country | Hydrogeology by country]]  >> Hydrogeology of Burundi
  
  
 
<!--        PLEASE DO NOT DELETE BELOW THIS LINE        -->
 
<!--        PLEASE DO NOT DELETE BELOW THIS LINE        -->
 
[[Category:Hydrogeology by country|b]]
 
[[Category:Hydrogeology by country|b]]

Revision as of 13:35, 22 September 2015

Africa Groundwater Atlas >> Hydrogeology by country >> Hydrogeology of Burundi


If you have more recent information on the hydrogeology of Burundi, please get in touch.


Compilers

Dr Kirsty Upton and Brighid Ó Dochartaigh, British Geological Survey, UK

Geographical Setting

Map of Burundi (For more information on the datasets used in the map see the geography resources section)

General

Estimated Population in 2013* 10,162,532
Rural Population (% of total) (2013)* 88.5%
Total Surface Area* 25,680 sq km
Agricultural Land (% of total area) (2012)* 75.3%
Capital City Bujumbura
Region Eastern/Central Africa
Border Countries Rwanda, Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal (2013)* 288 Million cubic metres
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Agriculture (2013)* 77.1%
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Domestic Use (2013)* 17%
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Industry (2013)* 5.9%
Rural Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)* 73.2%
Urban Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)* 91.5%

* Source: World Bank


Climate

Average monthly precipitation for Burundi showing minimum and maximum (light blue), 25th and 75th percentile (blue), and median (dark blue) rainfall Average monthly temperature for Burundi showing minimum and maximum (orange), 25th and 75th percentile (red), and median (black) temperature Quarterly precipitation over the period 1950-2012 Monthly precipitation (blue) over the period 2000-2012 compared with the long term monthly average (red)

For further detail on the climate datasets used see the climate resources section.

Surface water


Surface Water Map of Burundi (For more information on the datasets used in the map see the surface water resources section)

Soil

Soil Map of Burundi (For map key and more information on the datasets used in the map see the soil resources section)

Land cover

Land Cover Map of Burundi (For map key and more information on the datasets used in the map see the land cover resources section)


Geology

This section provides a summary of the geology of Burundi. More information is available in the report [ADD LINK UN] (1988) (see References section, below).

The geology map shows a simplified version of the geology at a national scale (see the Geology resources page for more details).

Burundi Geology.png

Hydrogeology

This section provides a summary of the hydrogeology of the main aquifers in COUNTRY. More information is available in the report [ADD LINK UN] (1988) (see References section, below).

The hydrogeology map shows a simplified version of the type and productivity of the main aquifers at a national scale (see the Aquifer properties resource page for more details).

Burundi Hydrogeology.png Hydrogeology Key.png



Transboundary aquifers

For further information about transboundary aquifers, please see the Transboundary aquifers resources page

References

References with more information on the geology and hydrogeology of Burundi can be accessed through the Africa Groundwater Literature Archive.

United Nations. 1989. Groundwater in Eastern, Central and Southern Africa: Burundi. United Nations Department of Technical Cooperation for Development.

Return to the index pages

Africa Groundwater Atlas >> Hydrogeology by country >> Hydrogeology of Burundi