Difference between revisions of "Hydrogeology of Burundi"

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==Geographical Setting==
 
==Geographical Setting==
  
[[File:Burundi_Political.png | right | frame | Burundi. For more information on the datasets used to develop the map see the [[Geography | geography resource page]])]]  
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[[File:Burundi_Political.png | right | frame | Burundi. Map developed from USGS GTOPOPO30; GADM global administrative areas; and UN Revision of World Urbanization Prospects. For more information on the datasets used to develop the map see the [[Geography | geography resource page]])]]  
  
 
===General===
 
===General===
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===Climate===
 
===Climate===
  
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These maps and graphs were developed from the CRU TS 3.21 dataset produced by the Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia, UK. For more information see the [[Climate | climate resource page]].
 
<gallery widths="375px" heights=365px mode=nolines>
 
<gallery widths="375px" heights=365px mode=nolines>
 
File:Burundi_ClimateZones.png |Koppen Geiger Climate Zones
 
File:Burundi_ClimateZones.png |Koppen Geiger Climate Zones
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[[File:Burundi_pre_Monthly.png| 255x124px| Average monthly precipitation for Burundi showing minimum and maximum (light blue), 25th and 75th percentile (blue), and median (dark blue) rainfall]] [[File:Burundi_tmp_Monthly.png| 255x124px| Average monthly temperature for Burundi showing minimum and maximum (orange), 25th and 75th percentile (red), and median (black) temperature]] [[File:Burundi_pre_Qts.png | 255x124px | Quarterly precipitation over the period 1950-2012]] [[File:Burundi_pre_Mts.png|255x124px | Monthly precipitation (blue) over the period 2000-2012 compared with the long term monthly average (red)]]  
 
[[File:Burundi_pre_Monthly.png| 255x124px| Average monthly precipitation for Burundi showing minimum and maximum (light blue), 25th and 75th percentile (blue), and median (dark blue) rainfall]] [[File:Burundi_tmp_Monthly.png| 255x124px| Average monthly temperature for Burundi showing minimum and maximum (orange), 25th and 75th percentile (red), and median (black) temperature]] [[File:Burundi_pre_Qts.png | 255x124px | Quarterly precipitation over the period 1950-2012]] [[File:Burundi_pre_Mts.png|255x124px | Monthly precipitation (blue) over the period 2000-2012 compared with the long term monthly average (red)]]  
 
   
 
   
For more information on the datasets used to develop these maps and graphs see the [[Climate | climate resource page]].
 
  
 
===Surface water===
 
===Surface water===
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| [[File:Burundi_Hydrology.png | frame | Major surface water features of Burundi. For more information on the datasets used to develop the map see the [[Surface water | surface water resource [age]]]]
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| [[File:Burundi_Hydrology.png | frame | Major surface water features of Burundi. Map developed from World Wildlife Fund HydroSHEDS; Digital Chart of the World drainage; and FAO Inland Water Bodies. For more information on the datasets used to develop the map see the [[Surface water | surface water resource [age]]]]
 
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{|
 
{|
 
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| [[File:Burundi_soil.png | frame | Soil Map of Burundi. For more information on the map see the [[Soil | soil resource page]]]]
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| [[File:Burundi_soil.png | frame | Soil Map of Burundi, from the European Commission Joint Research Centre: European Soil Portal. For more information on the map see the [[Soil | soil resource page]]]]
  
 
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| [[File:Burundi_LandCover.png | frame | Land Cover Map of Burundi. For more information on the map see the [[Land cover | land cover resource page]]]]
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| [[File:Burundi_LandCover.png | frame | Land Cover Map of Burundi, from the European Space Agency GlobCover 2.3, 2009. For more information on the map see the [[Land cover | land cover resource page]]]]
 
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| [[File:Burundi_Geology.png | thumb| 500px| Geology of Burundi at 1:5million scale. For more information on how the map was developed see the [[Geology | geology resource page]])]]
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| [[File:Burundi_Geology.png | thumb| 500px| Geology of Burundi at 1:5million scale. Developed from USGS map (Persits et al. 2002). For For more information on how the map was developed see the [[Geology | geology resource page]])]]
 
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Revision as of 13:49, 25 April 2016

Africa Groundwater Atlas >> Hydrogeology by country >> Hydrogeology of Burundi


This page has limited information and needs to be updated. If you have more information on the hydrogeology of Burundi, please get in touch!


Compilers

Dr Kirsty Upton and Brighid Ó Dochartaigh, British Geological Survey, UK

Please cite this page as: Upton & Ó Dochartaigh, 2016.

Bibliographic reference: Upton, K. & Ó Dochartaigh, B.É. 2016. Africa Groundwater Atlas: Hydrogeology of Burundi. British Geological Survey. Accessed [date you accessed the information]. http://earthwise.bgs.ac.uk/index.php/Hydrogeology_of_Burundi

Terms and conditions

The Africa Groundwater Atlas is hosted by the British Geological Survey (BGS) and includes information from third party sources. Your use of information provided by this website is at your own risk. If reproducing diagrams that include third party information, please cite both the Africa Groundwater Atlas and the third party sources. Please see the Terms and Conditions for more information.

Geographical Setting

Burundi. Map developed from USGS GTOPOPO30; GADM global administrative areas; and UN Revision of World Urbanization Prospects. For more information on the datasets used to develop the map see the geography resource page)

General

Estimated Population in 2013* 10,162,532
Rural Population (% of total) (2013)* 88.5%
Total Surface Area* 25,680 sq km
Agricultural Land (% of total area) (2012)* 75.3%
Capital City Bujumbura
Region Eastern/Central Africa
Border Countries Rwanda, Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal (2013)* 288 Million cubic metres
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Agriculture (2013)* 77.1%
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Domestic Use (2013)* 17%
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Industry (2013)* 5.9%
Rural Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)* 73.2%
Urban Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)* 91.5%

* Source: World Bank


Climate

These maps and graphs were developed from the CRU TS 3.21 dataset produced by the Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia, UK. For more information see the climate resource page.

Average monthly precipitation for Burundi showing minimum and maximum (light blue), 25th and 75th percentile (blue), and median (dark blue) rainfall Average monthly temperature for Burundi showing minimum and maximum (orange), 25th and 75th percentile (red), and median (black) temperature Quarterly precipitation over the period 1950-2012 Monthly precipitation (blue) over the period 2000-2012 compared with the long term monthly average (red)


Surface water


Major surface water features of Burundi. Map developed from World Wildlife Fund HydroSHEDS; Digital Chart of the World drainage; and FAO Inland Water Bodies. For more information on the datasets used to develop the map see the surface water resource [age

Soil

Soil Map of Burundi, from the European Commission Joint Research Centre: European Soil Portal. For more information on the map see the soil resource page

Land cover

Land Cover Map of Burundi, from the European Space Agency GlobCover 2.3, 2009. For more information on the map see the land cover resource page


Geology

The geology map shows a simplified version of the geology at a national scale. More information is available in the report UN (1988) (see References section, below).



Geology of Burundi at 1:5million scale. Developed from USGS map (Persits et al. 2002). For For more information on how the map was developed see the geology resource page)

Hydrogeology

The hydrogeology map below shows a simplified version of the type and productivity of the main aquifers at a national scale (see the hydrogeology Map resource page for more details).

More information on the hydrogeology of Burundi is available in the report UN (1988) (see References section, below).

Hydrogeology of Burundi at 1:5million scale. For more information on how the map was developed see the hydrogeology map resource page
Hydrogeology Key.png

Groundwater use and management

Groundwater is used mainly in certain regions.

There is a database which in 2009 had limited information about groundwater sources. A GTZ-supported project included work to develop a central database at the national water authority.


Transboundary aquifers

For further information about transboundary aquifers, please see the Transboundary aquifers resources page

References

References with more information on the geology and hydrogeology of Burundi can be accessed through the Africa Groundwater Literature Archive.

United Nations. 1989. Groundwater in Eastern, Central and Southern Africa: Burundi. United Nations Department of Technical Cooperation for Development.

Return to the index pages

Africa Groundwater Atlas >> Hydrogeology by country >> Hydrogeology of Burundi