Hydrogeology of Burundi
This page has limited information and needs to be updated. If you have more information on the hydrogeology of Burundi, please get in touch!
Dr Kirsty Upton and Brighid Ó Dochartaigh, British Geological Survey, UK
Please cite this page as: Upton and Ó Dochartaigh, 2016.
Bibliographic reference: Upton, K, and Ó Dochartaigh, B É. 2016. Africa Groundwater Atlas: Hydrogeology of Burundi. British Geological Survey. Accessed [date you accessed the information]. http://earthwise.bgs.ac.uk/index.php/Hydrogeology_of_Burundi
Terms and conditions
|Estimated population in 2013*||10 162 532|
|Rural population (% of total) (2013)*||88.5%|
|Total surface area*||25 680 sq km|
|Agricultural land (% of total area) (2012)*||75.3%|
|Border countries||Rwanda, Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west|
|Annual freshwater withdrawal (2013)*||288 million cubic metres|
|Annual freshwater withdrawal for agriculture (2013)*||77.1%|
|Annual freshwater withdrawal for domestic use (2013)*||17%|
|Annual freshwater withdrawal for industry (2013)*||5.9%|
|Rural population with access to improved water source (2012)*||73.2%|
|Urban population with access to improved water source (2012)*||91.5%|
* Source: World Bank
These maps and graphs were developed from the CRU TS 3.21 dataset produced by the Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia, UK. For more information see the climate resource page.
The geology map shows a simplified version of the geology at a national scale. More information is available in the report UN (1988) (see References section, below).
The hydrogeology map below shows a simplified version of the type and productivity of the main aquifers at a national scale (see the hydrogeology map resource page for more details).
More information on the hydrogeology of Burundi is available in the report UN (1988) (see References section, below).
Groundwater use and management
Groundwater is used mainly in certain regions.
There is a database which in 2009 had limited information about groundwater sources. A GTZ-supported project included work to develop a central database at the national water authority.
For further information about transboundary aquifers, please see the Transboundary aquifers resources page
References with more information on the geology and hydrogeology of Burundi can be accessed through the Africa Groundwater Literature Archive.
United Nations. 1989. Groundwater in Eastern, Central and Southern Africa: Burundi. United Nations Department of Technical Cooperation for Development.