Editing Hydrogeology of Chad

Jump to navigation Jump to search

Warning: You are not logged in. Your IP address will be publicly visible if you make any edits. If you log in or create an account, your edits will be attributed to your username, along with other benefits.

The edit can be undone. Please check the comparison below to verify that this is what you want to do, and then save the changes below to finish undoing the edit.

This page supports semantic in-text annotations (e.g. "[[Is specified as::World Heritage Site]]") to build structured and queryable content provided by Semantic MediaWiki. For a comprehensive description on how to use annotations or the #ask parser function, please have a look at the getting started, in-text annotation, or inline queries help pages.

Latest revision Your text
Line 185: Line 185:
 
The sediment lithology was controlled by the climate during deposition, with wet periods favouring the deposition of clays and diatomites; periods of alternating wet and dry seasons tending to produce sandy deltaic deposits; and dry periods favouring the formation of aeolian sand dunes. The deposits therefore range from pure sand to clayey sand, and include some kaolinitic clays. Abrupt changes in clay and sand content are common, and the sediments usually occur as overlapping lenses.  
 
The sediment lithology was controlled by the climate during deposition, with wet periods favouring the deposition of clays and diatomites; periods of alternating wet and dry seasons tending to produce sandy deltaic deposits; and dry periods favouring the formation of aeolian sand dunes. The deposits therefore range from pure sand to clayey sand, and include some kaolinitic clays. Abrupt changes in clay and sand content are common, and the sediments usually occur as overlapping lenses.  
 
|-
 
|-
!colspan="4"|Upper Mesozoic sedimentary  
+
!colspan="4"|Mesozoic sedimentary  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Continental Terminal; also a small area of Eocene marine deposits in northern Chad
 
|Continental Terminal; also a small area of Eocene marine deposits in northern Chad
Line 205: Line 205:
 
||There are a few isolated small outcrops of igneous rockos in the east and south of the country, of which little is known. The largest outcrop of igneous rocks is in the Tibesti massif, which are thought to be dominantly Tertiary to Quaternary volcanic rocks, mainly lavas but also including some tephra and other volcaniclastic rocks (Permenter and Oppenheimer 2007).  
 
||There are a few isolated small outcrops of igneous rockos in the east and south of the country, of which little is known. The largest outcrop of igneous rocks is in the Tibesti massif, which are thought to be dominantly Tertiary to Quaternary volcanic rocks, mainly lavas but also including some tephra and other volcaniclastic rocks (Permenter and Oppenheimer 2007).  
 
|-
 
|-
!colspan="4"|Palaeozoic to Lower Mesozoic sedimentary
+
!colspan="4"|Palaeozoic sedimentary
 
|-
 
|-
 
|
 
|
||Cambro-Ordovician - Jurassic
+
||Cambro-Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, Carboniferous
||Palaeozoic and Lower Mesozoic continental sandstone sequences crop out over a large part of northern Chad, and are known to be present at depth below younger deposits in the Lake Chad Basin in the centre of the country.  
+
||Palaeozoic continental sandstone sequences crop out over a large part of northern Chad, and are known to be present at depth below younger deposits in the Lake Chad Basin in the centre of the country.  
  
In the north, this includes the Kufra basin, with largely Cambrian to Carboniferous rocks, which is shared with Libya and the Sudan. Thick continental sandstones within the Kufra basin form the Nubian formations, which are at least 1000 m and possibly up to 4000 m thick.  
+
In the north, this includes the Kufra basin, with largely Cambrian to Carboniferous rocks, which is shared with Libya. Thick continental sandstones within the Kurfa basin form the Nubian formations, which are at least 1000 m and possibly up to 4000 m thick.  
 
|-
 
|-
 
!colspan="4"|Precambrian Basement
 
!colspan="4"|Precambrian Basement

Please note that all contributions to Earthwise may be edited, altered, or removed by other contributors. If you do not want your writing to be edited mercilessly, then do not submit it here.
You are also promising us that you wrote this yourself, or copied it from a public domain or similar free resource (see Earthwise:Copyrights for details). Do not submit copyrighted work without permission!

Cancel Editing help (opens in new window)

  [] · [[]] · [[|]] · {{}} · · “” ‘’ «» ‹› „“ ‚‘ · ~ | °   · ± × ÷ ² ³ ½ · §
[[Category:]] · [[:File:]] · <code></code> · <syntaxhighlight></syntaxhighlight> · <includeonly></includeonly> · <noinclude></noinclude> · #REDIRECT[[]] · <translate></translate> · <languages/> · ==References== · {{reflist}} · ==Footnote== · {{reflist|group=note}} · <ref group=note> · __notoc__ · {{DEFAULTSORT:}} <div class="someclass noprint"></div> {{clear}} <br>