Editing Hydrogeology of Comoros

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[[File:CC-BY-SA_logo_88x31.png | frame | This work is licensed under a [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License]]]
 
[[File:CC-BY-SA_logo_88x31.png | frame | This work is licensed under a [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License]]]
 
 
Comoros is an archipelago nation of three major and numerous smaller volcanic islands islands off the east coast of Africa. Comoros and France dispute ownership of a fourth major island, Mayotte. The population is ethnically diverse as a result of centuries of immigration by Indonesian, Bantu African and Arabic peoples, among others.
 
 
In the first centuries of the second millennium AD, the islands were an important trade hub and stopover between Arabia and Africa. The pre-colonial economy was dominated by slave trading, which continued after France colonised Comoros in 1841, with the addition of plantation agriculture. Since independence from France in 1975 there have been multiple coups and widespread conflict. The island of Mayotte voted against independence in 1974 and 1976 by a large majority. The islands of Ndzuani and Mwali tried to become independent from the largest island of Ngazidja in 1997, since when they have experienced more autonomy, with each island having its own president within the overall union of the three islands.
 
The long term political, civil and military unrest means that development remains rudimentary, and Comoros i
 
s one of the world’s poorest countries. The economy of Comoros is dominated by agriculture, also including fishing, hunting and forestry, which contributes 40% of GDP and employs 80% of the labour force. Spices and the marine industry provide important export income, and the country is heavily dependent on external aid. The country is densely populated, although mostly rural.
 
 
Comoros has relatively high rainfall, although it is not evenly distributed seasonally. There are few rivers, and much of the population relies for water supplies on rainwater harvesting, stored in tanks and cisterns. These were traditionally uncovered, and many were contaminated by ash deposition after a volcanic eruption in 2006. Recent development activities have focussed on covering private water supply cisterns and raising awareness about protecting water resources from contamination.
 
 
  
 
==Compilers==
 
==Compilers==
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'''Dr Kirsty Upton''' and '''Brighid Ó Dochartaigh''', British Geological Survey, UK
 
'''Dr Kirsty Upton''' and '''Brighid Ó Dochartaigh''', British Geological Survey, UK
  
'''Dr Imogen Bellwood-Howard''', Institute of Development Studies, UK
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Please cite this page as: Upton & Ó Dochartaigh, 2016.
 
 
Please cite this page as: Upton, Ó Dochartaigh and Bellwood-Howard, 2018.
 
  
Bibliographic reference: Upton K, Ó Dochartaigh BÉ and Bellwood-Howard, I. 2018. Africa Groundwater Atlas: Hydrogeology of Comoros. British Geological Survey. Accessed [date you accessed the information]. http://earthwise.bgs.ac.uk/index.php/Hydrogeology_of_Comoros
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Bibliographic reference: Upton, K. & Ó Dochartaigh, B.É. 2016. Africa Groundwater Atlas: Hydrogeology of Comoros. British Geological Survey. Accessed [date you accessed the information]. http://earthwise.bgs.ac.uk/index.php/Hydrogeology_of_Comoros
  
 
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