Editing Hydrogeology of Democratic Republic of the Congo

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==Groundwater Status==
 
==Groundwater Status==
  
There is little information on the extent and quality of groundwater resources, including springs, in the country. The data that are available are often outdated and of limited geographic coverage (Partow 2011).  Water quality studies, both of surface and groundwater, have usually been done on an adhoc basis, as part of targeted research and academic projects. There are also some groundwater level and quality data from mining projects, including continuous records of monthly or quarterly data during mining operations. Mining-related data is mostly available for the Katanga, Oriental, Kivu and Maniema provinces.
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Information on the extent and quality of groundwater resources and springs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is scarce, and where available is often outdated and of limited geographic coverage (Partow 2011). There are some data from mining projects, including continuous records of monthly or quarterly data during mining operations. Mining-related data is mostly available for the Katanga, Oriental, Kivu and Maniema provinces.
  
The available information gives no evidence of major groundwater quantity or quality deterioration across most of the country, but points to pressures on groundwater resources in some areas. Increasing water demand, combined in some cases with drought-prone areas, has led to increased seasonal falls in groundwater levels water shortages in some areas (Partow 2011). Groundwater (and surface water) quality deterioration from mining-related heavy metal pollution is a major issue of concern in a number of areas, including the Katanga Copperbelt, around the main gold mining centers in Ituri (including elevated concentrations of mercury, arsenic and cyanide), and locally around areas of artisanal gold processing (especially related to widespread use of mercury) (Partow 2011). Away from mining areas, the main source of groundwater pollution is biological contamination from uncontrolled sewage and solid waste disposal (Partow 2011).
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The available information points to pressures on groundwater resources in some areas. Increasing water demand, combined in some cases with drought-prone areas, has led to seasonal water shortages in some areas (Partow 2011).
  
 
==Groundwater use and management==
 
==Groundwater use and management==

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