Hydrogeology of Liberia
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Dr Kirsty Upton and Brighid Ó Dochartaigh, British Geological Survey, UK
|Estimated Population in 2013*||4,294,077|
|Rural Population (% of total) (2013)*||51.1%|
|Total Surface Area*||96,320 sq km|
|Agricultural Land (% of total area) (2012)*||28.1%|
|Border Countries||Sierra Leone, Guinea, Cote d'Ivoire|
|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal (2013)*||130.8 Million cubic metres|
|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Agriculture (2013)*||9.4%|
|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Domestic Use (2013)*||54.4%|
|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Industry (2013)*||36.2%|
|Rural Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)*||63%|
|Urban Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)*||86.8%|
* Source: World Bank
For further detail on the climate datasets used see the climate resources section.
The geology map shows a simplified version of the geology at a national scale. More information is available in the report UN (1988) (see References section, below).
The hydrogeology map below shows a simplified version of the type and productivity of the main aquifers at a national scale (see the Hydrogeology Map resource page for more details).
More information on the hydrogeology of Liberia is available in the report United Nations (1988) (see References section, below).
Water point databases exist with information on more than 3,000 hand dug wells and more than 600 boreholes in Liberia, although information for some parts of the country is not yet recorded. Only protected (improved) hand dug wells are recorded in the database. No geological log information is available for the groundwater sources, and most have no information on groundwater (rest/static) level.
For further information about transboundary aquifers, please see the Transboundary aquifers resources page.
References with more information on the geology and hydrogeology of Liberia can be accessed through the Africa Groundwater Literature Archive.
United Nations. 1988. Groundwater in North and West Africa: Liberia. United Nations Department of Technical Cooperation for Development and Economic Commission for Africa.