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===General===
 
===General===
  
Malawi has four main physiographic zones: highlands or uplands; plateau areas; the rift valley escarpment; and the rift valley floor/plains.  
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Malawi includes four main physiographic zones: highlands or uplands; plateau areas; the rift valley escarpment; and the rift valley floor/plains.  
  
The highlands cover a relatively small area but can be 2000 m to 3000 m in elevation. The plateau areas cover much of the country, and are gently undulating surfaces from 750 m to 1300 m in elevation. They are cut into by wide valleys, or 'dambos', with grassy, swampy bases, which largely drain towards the rift valley floor. The rift valley escarpment consists of parallel faults with the land stepping down to the rift valley floor. The rift valley floor and plains extend along the shores of Lake Malawi and the upper Shire Valley; they have low relief and range from 100 m to 600 m in altitude.  
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The uplands cover a relatively small area but reach 2000 m to 3000 m in elevation. The plateau areas cover much of the country, and are gently undulating surfaces from 750 m to 1300 m in altitude. They are cut into by wide valleys, or 'dambos', with grassy, swampy bases, which largely drain towards the rift valley floor. The rift valley escarpment consists of parallel faults with the land stepping down to the rift valley floor. The rift valley floor and plains extend along the shores of Lake Malawi and the upper Shire Valley; they have low relief and range from 100 m to 600 m in altitude.  
  
 
{| class = "wikitable"
 
{| class = "wikitable"
 
|-
 
|-
|Capital city || Lilongwe
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|Estimated Population in 2013* || 16,400,000
 
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|-
|Region || Eastern Africa
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|Rural Population (% of total) (2013)* || 84%
 
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|-
|Border countries || Tanzania, Mozambique, Zambia
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|Total Surface Area* || 94,280 sq km
 
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|-
|Total surface area* ||118,480 km<sup>2</sup>  (11,848,000 ha)
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|Agricultural Land (% of total area) (2012)* || 60.8%
 
|-
 
|-
|Total population (2015)* || 17,215,000
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|Capital City || Lilongwe
 
|-
 
|-
|Rural population (2015)* || 14,399,000 (84%)
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|Region || Eastern Africa
 
|-
 
|-
|Urban population (2015)* ||2,816,000 (16%)
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|Border Countries || Tanzania, Mozambique, Zambia
 
|-
 
|-
|UN Human Development Index (HDI) [highest = 1] (2014)*|| 0.4454
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|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal (2013)* || 1,357 Million cubic metres
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|-
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|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Agriculture (2013)* || 85.9%
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|-
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|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Domestic Use (2013)* || 10.6%
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|-
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|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Industry (2013)* || 3.5%
 +
|-
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|Rural Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)* || 83.2%
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|-
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|Urban Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)* || 94.6%
 
|}
 
|}
<nowiki>*</nowiki> Source: [http://www.fao.org/nr/water/aquastat/data/query/index.html?lang=en FAO Aquastat]
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<nowiki>*</nowiki> Source: World Bank
  
  

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