Editing Hydrogeology of Mozambique

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• Mozambique still has enough areas that can be developed for irrigation using surface water resources.
 
• Mozambique still has enough areas that can be developed for irrigation using surface water resources.
 
 
• There is limited to no information on the potential of aquifers and yields of individual boreholes.  
 
• There is limited to no information on the potential of aquifers and yields of individual boreholes.  
 
 
• Large areas in southern Mozambique are deemed unsuitable for groundwater abstraction due to salinity issues. The exact extent of these areas is undetermined.  
 
• Large areas in southern Mozambique are deemed unsuitable for groundwater abstraction due to salinity issues. The exact extent of these areas is undetermined.  
 
  
 
It seems that the lack of information (which means there is an unknown risk of drilling low yielding boreholes and/or incurring high drilling costs) is a larger constraining factor than the actual potential of the groundwater. As well as this, there is a general consensus that surface water is more cost-effective for irrigation than groundwater. The potential for, in particular, large surface water irrigation schemes is still present in Mozambique, and thus the interest for groundwater is low.  
 
It seems that the lack of information (which means there is an unknown risk of drilling low yielding boreholes and/or incurring high drilling costs) is a larger constraining factor than the actual potential of the groundwater. As well as this, there is a general consensus that surface water is more cost-effective for irrigation than groundwater. The potential for, in particular, large surface water irrigation schemes is still present in Mozambique, and thus the interest for groundwater is low.  
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2) Groundwater for irrigation is mainly used for subsistence farming, except for certain labour intensive areas around Maputo.  
 
2) Groundwater for irrigation is mainly used for subsistence farming, except for certain labour intensive areas around Maputo.  
 
3) Legislation of groundwater abstraction is in its infancy in Mozambique. Capacity is very limited presently. Technical assistance and capacity training in this area is essential.
 
3) Legislation of groundwater abstraction is in its infancy in Mozambique. Capacity is very limited presently. Technical assistance and capacity training in this area is essential.
4) Groundwater is probably underutilised at present, as potential users do not have knowledge of or access to the groundwater potential in their area.
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4) Groundwater is probably underutilised at present, as potential users do not have knowledge of or access to the groundwater potential in their area.  
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===Groundwater quality===
 
===Groundwater quality===

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