Difference between revisions of "Hydrogeology of Rwanda"

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| [[File:Rwanda_Geology2.png | center | thumb| 500px | Geology of Rwanda at 1:5 million scale. Developed from USGS map (Persits et al. 2002). For more information on the map development and datasets see the [[Geology | geology resource page]].]]
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| [[File:Rwanda_Geology.png | center | thumb| 500px | Geology of Rwanda at 1:5 million scale. Developed from USGS map (Persits et al. 2002). For more information on the map development and datasets see the [[Geology | geology resource page]].]]
 
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Revision as of 15:03, 25 April 2016

Africa Groundwater Atlas >> Hydrogeology by country >> Hydrogeology of Rwanda


This page has limited information and needs to be updated. If you have more information on the hydrogeology of Rwanda, please get in touch!


Compilers

Dr Kirsty Upton and Brighid Ó Dochartaigh, British Geological Survey, UK

Please cite this page as: Upton & Ó Dochartaigh, 2016.

Bibliographic reference: Upton, K. & Ó Dochartaigh, B.É. 2016. Africa Groundwater Atlas: Hydrogeology of Rwanda. British Geological Survey. Accessed [date you accessed the information]. http://earthwise.bgs.ac.uk/index.php/Hydrogeology_of_Rwanda

Terms and conditions

The Africa Groundwater Atlas is hosted by the British Geological Survey (BGS) and includes information from third party sources. Your use of information provided by this website is at your own risk. If reproducing diagrams that include third party information, please cite both the Africa Groundwater Atlas and the third party sources. Please see the Terms and Conditions for more information.

Geographical Setting

Rwanda. Map developed from USGS GTOPOPO30; GADM global administrative areas; and UN Revision of World Urbanization Prospects. For more information on the map development and datasets see the geography resource page.

General

Estimated Population in 2013* 11,776,522
Rural Population (% of total) (2013)* 73.1%
Total Surface Area* 24,670 sq km
Agricultural Land (% of total area) (2012)* 75.3%
Capital City Kigali
Region Eastern Africa
Border Countries Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal (2013)* 150 Million cubic metres
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Agriculture (2013)* 68%
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Domestic Use (2013)* 24%
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Industry (2013)* 8%
Rural Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)* 68.3%
Urban Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)* 80.7%

* Source: World Bank


Climate

These maps and graphs were developed from the CRU TS 3.21 dataset produced by the Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia, UK. For more information see the climate resource page.

Average monthly precipitation for Rwanda showing minimum and maximum (light blue), 25th and 75th percentile (blue), and median (dark blue) rainfall Average monthly temperature for Rwanda showing minimum and maximum (orange), 25th and 75th percentile (red), and median (black) temperature Quarterly precipitation over the period 1950-2012 Monthly precipitation (blue) over the period 2000-2012 compared with the long term monthly average (red)


Surface water


Major surface water features of Rwanda. Map developed from World Wildlife Fund HydroSHEDS; Digital Chart of the World drainage; and FAO Inland Water Bodies. For more information on the map development and datasets see the surface water resource page.

Soil

Soil Map of Rwanda, from the European Commission Joint Research Centre: European Soil Portal. For more information on the map see the soil resource page.

Land cover

Land Cover Map of Rwanda, from the European Space Agency GlobCover 2.3, 2009. For more information on the map see the land cover resource page.


Geology

The geology map shows a simplified overview of geology at a national scale (see the Geology resource page for more details).

More information is available in the report UN (1988) (see References section, below).


Geology of Rwanda at 1:5 million scale. Developed from USGS map (Persits et al. 2002). For more information on the map development and datasets see the geology resource page.

Hydrogeology

The hydrogeology map below shows a simplified overview of the type and productivity of the main aquifers at a national scale (see the Hydrogeology map resource page for more details).

More information on the hydrogeology of Rwanda is available in the report United Nations (1988) (see References section, below).

Rwanda Hydrogeology.png Hydrogeology Key.png


Transboundary aquifers

For further information about transboundary aquifers, please see the Transboundary aquifers resources page.

References

References with more information on the geology and hydrogeology of Rwanda can be accessed through the Africa Groundwater Literature Archive.


Return to the index pages

Africa Groundwater Atlas >> Hydrogeology by country >> Hydrogeology of Rwanda


United Nations. 1989. Groundwater in Eastern, Central and Southern Africa: Rwanda. United Nations Department of Technical Cooperation for Development.