Hydrogeology of Rwanda
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Dr Kirsty Upton and Brighid Ó Dochartaigh, British Geological Survey, UK
|Estimated Population in 2013*||11,776,522|
|Rural Population (% of total) (2013)*||73.1%|
|Total Surface Area*||24,670 sq km|
|Agricultural Land (% of total area) (2012)*||75.3%|
|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal (2013)*||150 Million cubic metres|
|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Agriculture (2013)*||68%|
|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Domestic Use (2013)*||24%|
|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Industry (2013)*||8%|
|Rural Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)*||68.3%|
|Urban Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)*||80.7%|
* Source: World Bank
For further detail on the climate datasets used see the climate resources section.
The geology map shows a simplified version of the geology at a national scale. More information is available in the report UN (1988) (see References section, below).
The hydrogeology map below shows a simplified version of the type and productivity of the main aquifers at a national scale (see the Aquifer properties resource page for more details).
More information on the hydrogeology of Rwanda is available in the report UN (1988) (see References section, below).
For further information about transboundary aquifers, please see the Transboundary aquifers resources page.
References with more information on the geology and hydrogeology of Rwanda can be accessed through the Africa Groundwater Literature Archive.
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United Nations. 1989. Groundwater in Eastern, Central and Southern Africa: Rwanda. United Nations Department of Technical Cooperation for Development.