Hydrogeology of Rwanda
This page has limited information and needs to be updated. If you have more information on the hydrogeology of Rwanda, please get in touch!
Dr Kirsty Upton and Brighid Ó Dochartaigh, British Geological Survey, UK
Please cite this page as: Upton & Ó Dochartaigh, 2016.
Bibliographic reference: Upton, K. & Ó Dochartaigh, B.É. 2016. Africa Groundwater Atlas: Hydrogeology of Rwanda. British Geological Survey. Accessed [date you accessed the information]. http://earthwise.bgs.ac.uk/index.php/Hydrogeology_of_Rwanda
Terms and conditions
|Estimated Population in 2013*||11,776,522|
|Rural Population (% of total) (2013)*||73.1%|
|Total Surface Area*||24,670 sq km|
|Agricultural Land (% of total area) (2012)*||75.3%|
|Border Countries||Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo|
|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal (2013)*||150 Million cubic metres|
|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Agriculture (2013)*||68%|
|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Domestic Use (2013)*||24%|
|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Industry (2013)*||8%|
|Rural Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)*||68.3%|
|Urban Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)*||80.7%|
* Source: World Bank
These maps and graphs were developed from the CRU TS 3.21 dataset produced by the Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia, UK. For more information see the climate resource page.
|Information on surface water resources in Rwanda is available in the Rwanda Water Resources Master Plan (2014).
The geology map shows a simplified overview of geology at a national scale (see the Geology resource page for more details).
More information is available in the report UN (1988) (see References section, below).
The hydrogeology map below shows a simplified overview of the type and productivity of the main aquifers at a national scale (see the Hydrogeology map resource page for more details).
More information on the hydrogeology of Rwanda is available in the report United Nations (1988) (see References section, below).
Groundwater use and management
For further information about transboundary aquifers, please see the Transboundary aquifers resources page.
References with more information on the geology and hydrogeology of Rwanda may be accessed through the Africa Groundwater Literature Archive.
Information on Integrated Water Resource Management] in the Rwanda Natural Resources Authority
Return to the index pages
Rwanda Natural Resources Authority. 2014. Consultancy services for development of Rwanda National Water Resources Master Plan. Tender Number 021/RNRA/2011-2012. Master Plan Report: Main Volume. Final Version May 2014. Prepared by SHER Ingénieurs-Conseils s.a.
United Nations. 1989. Groundwater in Eastern, Central and Southern Africa: Rwanda. United Nations Department of Technical Cooperation for Development.