Difference between revisions of "Hydrogeology of Sierra Leone"

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==[[Geography]]==
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[[Overview of Africa Groundwater Atlas | Africa Groundwater Atlas]] >> [[Hydrogeology by country | Hydrogeology by country]] >> Hydrogeology of Sierra Leone
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==[[Climate]]==
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'''Most of the textual information on this page was taken from the chapter on Sierra Leone in the report
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[http://www.bgs.ac.uk/africagroundwateratlas/fulldetails.cfm?id=AGLA060010 ‘Groundwater in North and West Africa’] (UN 1988).
  
===Climate zones===
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UPDATE WITH CORRECT COUNTRY This information is outdated. If you have more recent information on the hydrogeology of Sierra Leone, please get in touch.'''
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==[[Surface water]]==
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==Compilers==
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==[[Soil]]==
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'''Dr Kirsty Upton''' and '''Brighid Ó Dochartaigh''', British Geological Survey, UK
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==[[Land cover]]==
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==Geographical Setting==
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[[File:Sierra Leone_Political.png | right | frame | Map of Sierra Leone (For more information on the datasets used in the map see the [[Geography | geography resources section]])]]
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===General===
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{| class = "wikitable"
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|-
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|Estimated Population in 2013* || XXX
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|-
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|Rural Population (% of total) (2013)* || XXX%
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|-
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|Total Surface Area* || XXX sq km
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|-
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|Agricultural Land (% of total area) (2012)* || XXX%
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|-
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|Capital City || XXX
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|-
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|Region || XXX
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|-
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|Border Countries || XXX
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|-
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|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal (2013)* || XXX Million cubic metres
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|-
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|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Agriculture (2013)* || XXX%
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|-
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|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Domestic Use (2013)* || XXX%
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|-
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|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Industry (2013)* || XXX%
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|-
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|Rural Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)* || XXX%
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|-
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|Urban Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)* || XXX%
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|}
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<nowiki>*</nowiki> Source: World Bank
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===Climate===
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<gallery widths="375px" heights=365px mode=nolines>
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File:Sierra Leone_ClimateZones.png |Koppen Geiger Climate Zones
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File:Sierra Leone_ClimatePrecip.png |Average Annual Precipitation
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File:Sierra Leone_ClimateTemp.png |Average Temperature
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</gallery>
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[[File:Sierra Leone_pre_Monthly.png| 255x124px| Average monthly precipitation for Sierra Leone showing minimum and maximum (light blue), 25th and 75th percentile (blue), and median (dark blue) rainfall]] [[File:Sierra Leone_tmp_Monthly.png| 255x124px| Average monthly temperature for Sierra Leone showing minimum and maximum (orange), 25th and 75th percentile (red), and median (black) temperature]] [[File:Sierra Leone_pre_Qts.png | 255x124px | Quarterly precipitation over the period 1950-2012]] [[File:Sierra Leone_pre_Mts.png|255x124px | Monthly precipitation (blue) over the period 2000-2012 compared with the long term monthly average (red)]]
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For further detail on the climate datasets used see the [[Climate | climate resources section]].
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===Surface water===
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{|
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|-
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|
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| [[File:Sierra Leone_Hydrology.png | frame | Surface Water Map of Sierra Leone (For more information on the datasets used in the map see the [[Surface water | surface water resources section]])]]
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|}
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===Soil===
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{|
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|-
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| [[File:Sierra Leone_soil.png | frame | Soil Map of  Sierra Leone (For map key and more information on the datasets used in the map see the [[Soil | soil resources section]])]]
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|
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|}
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===Land cover===
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{|
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|-
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|
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| [[File:Sierra Leone_LandCover.png | frame | Land Cover Map of Sierra Leone (For map key and more information on the datasets used in the map see the [[Land cover | land cover resources section]])]]
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|}
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==Geology==
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This section provides a summary of the geology of Sierra Leone. More information is available in the report [http://www.bgs.ac.uk/africagroundwateratlas/fulldetails.cfm?id=AGLA060048 UN] (1988) (see References section, below).
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The geology map shows a simplified version of the geology at a national scale (see [[Geology | the Geology resources page]] for more details).
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[[File:Sierra Leone_Geology.png | right]]
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{| class = "wikitable"
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|+ Geological Environments
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|Key Formations||Period||Lithology||Structure
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|-
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!colspan="4"|Geological Environment 1
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|-
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|Name of formation1
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||Time period
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||Description
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||Structure
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|-
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|
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||
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||
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|-
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!colspan="4"| Geological Environment 2
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|-
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|-
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|-
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!colspan="4"| Geological Environment 3
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|-
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|-
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|}
  
==[[Geology]]==
 
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==Hydrogeology==
 
==Hydrogeology==
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===[[Aquifer properties]]===
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This section provides a summary of the hydrogeology of the main aquifers in Sierra Leone. More information is available in the report [http://www.bgs.ac.uk/africagroundwateratlas/fulldetails.cfm?id=AGLA060048 UN] (1988) (see References section, below).
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The hydrogeology map shows a simplified version of the type and productivity of the main aquifers at a national scale (see [[Aquifer properties| the Aquifer properties resource page]] for more details).
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[[File:Sierra Leone_Hydrogeology.png]] [[File: Hydrogeology_Key.png | 500x195px]]
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====Unconsolidated====
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{| class = "wikitable"
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|Named Aquifers||Period||General Description||Water quality
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|-
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|
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||
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|}
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==== Sedimentary - Intergranular Flow====
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{| class = "wikitable"
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|Named Aquifers||Period||General Description||Water quality
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|-
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|
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|}
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==== Sedimentary - Intergranular & Fracture Flow====
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{| class = "wikitable"
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|Named Aquifers||Period||General Description||Water quality
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|-
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|}
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==== Sedimentary - Fracture Flow====
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{| class = "wikitable"
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|Named Aquifers||Period||General Description||Water quality
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|-
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|
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|}
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====Basement====
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{| class = "wikitable"
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|Named Aquifers||Period||General Description||Water quality
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|-
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|
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|}
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==Groundwater Status==
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===Groundwater quantity===
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===Groundwater quality===
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==Groundwater use and management==
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=== Groundwater use===
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=== Groundwater management===
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===Groundwater monitoring===
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=== Transboundary aquifers===
  
===[[Groundwater quality issues | Groundwater quality]]===
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For further information about transboundary aquifers, please see the [[Transboundary aquifers | Transboundary aquifers resources page]]
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==Groundwater use and  management==
 
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===[[Groundwater use]]===
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==References==
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===[[Groundwater management]] and [[Transboundary aquifers]]===
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The following report provides more information on the geology and hydrogeology of Sierra Leone. It, and others, can be accessed through the [http://www.bgs.ac.uk/africagroundwateratlas/searchResults.cfm?title_search=&author_search=&category_search=&country_search=SL&placeboolean=AND&singlecountry=1 Africa Groundwater Literature Archive]
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United Nations. 1988. [http://www.bgs.ac.uk/africagroundwateratlas/fulldetails.cfm?id=AGLA060048 Groundwater in North and West Africa: Sierra Leone]. United Nations Department of Technical Cooperation for Development and Economic Commission for Africa. Department of Technical Cooperation for Development and Economic Commission for Africa, Natural Resources/Water Series No. 18.
  
  
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==Return to the index pages==
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[[Overview of Africa Groundwater Atlas | Africa Groundwater Atlas]] >> [[Hydrogeology by country | Hydrogeology by country]] >> Hydrogeology of Sierra Leone
  
 
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[[Category:Hydrogeology by country|s]]
 
[[Category:Hydrogeology by country|s]]

Revision as of 16:39, 3 September 2015

Africa Groundwater Atlas >> Hydrogeology by country >> Hydrogeology of Sierra Leone

Most of the textual information on this page was taken from the chapter on Sierra Leone in the report ‘Groundwater in North and West Africa’ (UN 1988).

UPDATE WITH CORRECT COUNTRY This information is outdated. If you have more recent information on the hydrogeology of Sierra Leone, please get in touch.

Compilers

Dr Kirsty Upton and Brighid Ó Dochartaigh, British Geological Survey, UK

Geographical Setting

Map of Sierra Leone (For more information on the datasets used in the map see the geography resources section)

General

Estimated Population in 2013* XXX
Rural Population (% of total) (2013)* XXX%
Total Surface Area* XXX sq km
Agricultural Land (% of total area) (2012)* XXX%
Capital City XXX
Region XXX
Border Countries XXX
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal (2013)* XXX Million cubic metres
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Agriculture (2013)* XXX%
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Domestic Use (2013)* XXX%
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Industry (2013)* XXX%
Rural Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)* XXX%
Urban Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)* XXX%

* Source: World Bank


Climate


Average monthly precipitation for Sierra Leone showing minimum and maximum (light blue), 25th and 75th percentile (blue), and median (dark blue) rainfall Average monthly temperature for Sierra Leone showing minimum and maximum (orange), 25th and 75th percentile (red), and median (black) temperature Quarterly precipitation over the period 1950-2012 Monthly precipitation (blue) over the period 2000-2012 compared with the long term monthly average (red)

For further detail on the climate datasets used see the climate resources section.

Surface water


Surface Water Map of Sierra Leone (For more information on the datasets used in the map see the surface water resources section)

Soil

Soil Map of Sierra Leone (For map key and more information on the datasets used in the map see the soil resources section)

Land cover

File:Sierra Leone LandCover.png
Land Cover Map of Sierra Leone (For map key and more information on the datasets used in the map see the land cover resources section)


Geology

This section provides a summary of the geology of Sierra Leone. More information is available in the report UN (1988) (see References section, below).

The geology map shows a simplified version of the geology at a national scale (see the Geology resources page for more details).

Sierra Leone Geology.png
Geological Environments
Key Formations Period Lithology Structure
Geological Environment 1
Name of formation1 Time period Description Structure
Geological Environment 2
Geological Environment 3


Hydrogeology

This section provides a summary of the hydrogeology of the main aquifers in Sierra Leone. More information is available in the report UN (1988) (see References section, below).

The hydrogeology map shows a simplified version of the type and productivity of the main aquifers at a national scale (see the Aquifer properties resource page for more details).

Sierra Leone Hydrogeology.png Hydrogeology Key.png


Unconsolidated

Named Aquifers Period General Description Water quality

Sedimentary - Intergranular Flow

Named Aquifers Period General Description Water quality

Sedimentary - Intergranular & Fracture Flow

Named Aquifers Period General Description Water quality

Sedimentary - Fracture Flow

Named Aquifers Period General Description Water quality

Basement

Named Aquifers Period General Description Water quality


Groundwater Status

Groundwater quantity

Groundwater quality

Groundwater use and management

Groundwater use

Groundwater management

Groundwater monitoring

Transboundary aquifers

For further information about transboundary aquifers, please see the Transboundary aquifers resources page


References

The following report provides more information on the geology and hydrogeology of Sierra Leone. It, and others, can be accessed through the Africa Groundwater Literature Archive

United Nations. 1988. Groundwater in North and West Africa: Sierra Leone. United Nations Department of Technical Cooperation for Development and Economic Commission for Africa. Department of Technical Cooperation for Development and Economic Commission for Africa, Natural Resources/Water Series No. 18.


Return to the index pages

Africa Groundwater Atlas >> Hydrogeology by country >> Hydrogeology of Sierra Leone