Editing Hydrogeology of Somalia

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| [[File: Somalia_Hydrology.png | frame | centre| Major surface water features of Somalia. Map developed from World Wildlife Fund HydroSHEDS; Digital Chart of the World drainage; and FAO Inland Water Bodies. For more information on the map development and datasets see the [[Surface water | surface water resource page]].]]
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|Somalia has only two permanent rivers, the Juba and the Shabelle, both of which begin in the Ethiopian Highlands and flow southwards. In the north of the country, the arid and semi-arid climate means that all rivers are ephemeral and flashy, with water flowing for only a few hours to days after rainfall events, and there are no river gauging stations in these rivers.  
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Somalia has only two permanent rivers, the Juba and the Shabelle, both of which begin in the Ethiopian Highlands and flow southwards. In the north of the country, the arid and semi-arid climate means that all rivers are ephemeral and flashy, with water flowing for only a few hours to days after rainfall events, and there are no river gauging stations in these rivers.  
  
 
Before the civil war in 1991, the Ministry of Agriculture was mandated to operate river flow and climate gauging stations. Daily river level readings date back to 1951 for the two furthest upstream stations on the two rivers at the border with Ethiopia, although these records include many gaps. Data were not collected at other stations until 1963, when a network of gauging stations was established and data was collected until 1991 with few discharge measurements for rating curve establishment. During the subsequent civil war, the hydrometric network fell into complete disrepair, with no monitoring and collection of water level data until early 2000s. In 2001, FAO established the Somali Water and Land Information Management under the [http://www.faoswalim.org FAO/SWALIM] project.  
 
Before the civil war in 1991, the Ministry of Agriculture was mandated to operate river flow and climate gauging stations. Daily river level readings date back to 1951 for the two furthest upstream stations on the two rivers at the border with Ethiopia, although these records include many gaps. Data were not collected at other stations until 1963, when a network of gauging stations was established and data was collected until 1991 with few discharge measurements for rating curve establishment. During the subsequent civil war, the hydrometric network fell into complete disrepair, with no monitoring and collection of water level data until early 2000s. In 2001, FAO established the Somali Water and Land Information Management under the [http://www.faoswalim.org FAO/SWALIM] project.  
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Data on current and historical river flows for the Juba and Shabelle rivers, including data availability for both pre-war (1951 to 1990) and post war (2000s-date) periods, is acceessible through the [http://www.faoswalim.org/water/water-resources/surface-water FAO/SWALIM website]
 
Data on current and historical river flows for the Juba and Shabelle rivers, including data availability for both pre-war (1951 to 1990) and post war (2000s-date) periods, is acceessible through the [http://www.faoswalim.org/water/water-resources/surface-water FAO/SWALIM website]
 
| [[File: Somalia_Hydrology.png | frame | centre| Major surface water features of Somalia. Map developed from World Wildlife Fund HydroSHEDS; Digital Chart of the World drainage; and FAO Inland Water Bodies. For more information on the map development and datasets see the [[Surface water | surface water resource page]].]]
 
 
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===Soil===
 
===Soil===

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