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[[Overview of Africa Groundwater Atlas | Africa Groundwater Atlas]] >> [[Hydrogeology by country | Hydrogeology by country]] >> Hydrogeology of Somalia
 
[[Overview of Africa Groundwater Atlas | Africa Groundwater Atlas]] >> [[Hydrogeology by country | Hydrogeology by country]] >> Hydrogeology of Somalia
 
[[File:CC-BY-SA_logo_88x31.png | frame | This work is licensed under a [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License]]]
 
  
 
In history, the area of present-day Somalia was the site of several powerful empires, and an important commercial centre, including trading in spices with merchants from India. Islam arrived before the 9th century, and Islamic sultanates dominated the region into European colonial times, making treaties with European forces from the 17th century onwards. In the late 19th century Britain and Italy gained control of British Somaliland in the south and Italian Somaliland in the north, respectively. Ethiopia and France also laid claims to part of present-day Somalia. Italian Somaliland was taken by Britain in 1941, later becoming a UN trusteeship under Italian administration. In 1960 the two regions united to become the independent Somali Republic.  
 
In history, the area of present-day Somalia was the site of several powerful empires, and an important commercial centre, including trading in spices with merchants from India. Islam arrived before the 9th century, and Islamic sultanates dominated the region into European colonial times, making treaties with European forces from the 17th century onwards. In the late 19th century Britain and Italy gained control of British Somaliland in the south and Italian Somaliland in the north, respectively. Ethiopia and France also laid claims to part of present-day Somalia. Italian Somaliland was taken by Britain in 1941, later becoming a UN trusteeship under Italian administration. In 1960 the two regions united to become the independent Somali Republic.  
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The geology map on this page shows a simplified overview of the geology at a national scale (see [[Geology | the Geology resources page]] for more details).  
 
The geology map on this page shows a simplified overview of the geology at a national scale (see [[Geology | the Geology resources page]] for more details).  
 
[https://www.bgs.ac.uk/africagroundwateratlas/downloadGIS.html '''Download a GIS shapefile of the Somalia geology and hydrogeology map'''].
 
  
 
A more detailed geological map at 1:1,500,000 has also been published (see Geology: key references, below).
 
A more detailed geological map at 1:1,500,000 has also been published (see Geology: key references, below).
  
  
[[File:Somalia_Geology4.png | center | thumb| 400px | Geology of Somalia at 1:5 million scale. Based on map described by Persits et al. 2002/Furon and Lombard 1964. For more information on the map development and datasets see the [[Geology | geology resource page]]. [https://www.bgs.ac.uk/africagroundwateratlas/downloadGIS.html Download a GIS shapefile of the Somalia geology and hydrogeology map].]]
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[[File:Somalia_Geology2.png | center | thumb| 500px | Geology of Somalia at 1:5 million scale. Based on map described by Persits et al. 2002/Furon and Lombard 1964. For more information on the map development and datasets see the [[Geology | geology resource page]].]]
  
 
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This section provides a summary of the hydrogeology of the main aquifers in Somalia.  More information is available in the references listed at the bottom of this page. Many of these references can be accessed through the [http://www.bgs.ac.uk/africagroundwateratlas/index.cfm Africa Groundwater Literature Archive].
 
This section provides a summary of the hydrogeology of the main aquifers in Somalia.  More information is available in the references listed at the bottom of this page. Many of these references can be accessed through the [http://www.bgs.ac.uk/africagroundwateratlas/index.cfm Africa Groundwater Literature Archive].
  
The hydrogeology map on this page shows a simplified overview of the type and productivity of the main aquifers at a national scale (see the [[Africa Groundwater Atlas Hydrogeology Maps | Hydrogeology map resource page]] for more details).  
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The hydrogeology map on this page shows a simplified overview of the type and productivity of the main aquifers at a national scale (see the [[Hydrogeology Map | Hydrogeology map resource page]] for more details).  
  
[https://www.bgs.ac.uk/africagroundwateratlas/downloadGIS.html '''Download a GIS shapefile of the Somalia geology and hydrogeology map'''].
 
  
[[File:Somalia_Hydrogeology4.png | center | thumb| 450px | Hydrogeology of Somalia at 1:5 million scale. For more information on how the map was developed see the [[Africa Groundwater Atlas Hydrogeology Maps | Hydrogeology map]] resource page. [https://www.bgs.ac.uk/africagroundwateratlas/downloadGIS.html Download a GIS shapefile of the Somalia geology and hydrogeology map].]].
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[[File:Somalia_Hydrogeology3.png | center | thumb| 500px | Hydrogeology of Somalia at 1:5 million scale. For more information on how the map was developed see the [[Hydrogeology Map | Hydrogeology map]] resource page]].
  
 
'''Summary'''
 
'''Summary'''
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Return to the index pages:
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==Return to the index pages==
 
[[Overview of Africa Groundwater Atlas | Africa Groundwater Atlas]] >> [[Hydrogeology by country | Hydrogeology by country]] >> Hydrogeology of Somalia
 
[[Overview of Africa Groundwater Atlas | Africa Groundwater Atlas]] >> [[Hydrogeology by country | Hydrogeology by country]] >> Hydrogeology of Somalia
  

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