Difference between revisions of "Hydrogeology of Swaziland"

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==[[Geography]]==
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[[Africa Groundwater Atlas Home | Africa Groundwater Atlas]] >> [[Hydrogeology by country | Hydrogeology by country]]  >> Hydrogeology of Swaziland
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==[[Climate]]==
 
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===Climate zones===
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'''If you have more information on the hydrogeology of Swaziland, please get in touch.'''
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==[[Surface water]]==
 
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==[[Soil]]==
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==Compilers==
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==[[Land cover]]==
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'''Dr Kirsty Upton''' and '''Brighid Ó Dochartaigh''', British Geological Survey, UK
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==[[Geology]]==
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==Geographical Setting==
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[[File:Swaziland_Political.png | right | frame | Map of Swaziland (For more information on the datasets used in the map see the [[Geography | geography resources section]])]]
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===General===
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{| class = "wikitable"
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|-
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|Estimated Population in 2013* || 1,249,514
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|-
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|Rural Population (% of total) (2013)* || 78.7%
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|-
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|Total Surface Area* || 17,200 sq km
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|-
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|Agricultural Land (% of total area) (2012)* || 71%
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|-
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|Capital City || Lobamba (royal / legislative); Mbabane (administrative)
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|-
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|Region || Southern Africa
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|-
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|Border Countries || Mozambique, South Africa
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|-
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|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal (2013)* || 1,042 Million cubic metres
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|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Agriculture (2013)* || 96.6%
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|-
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|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Domestic Use (2013)* || 2.6%
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|-
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|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Industry (2013)* || 1.2%
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|-
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|Rural Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)* || 68.9%
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|Urban Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)* || 93.6%
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|}
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<nowiki>*</nowiki> Source: World Bank
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===Climate===
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<gallery widths="375px" heights=365px mode=nolines>
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File:Swaziland_ClimateZones.png |Koppen Geiger Climate Zones
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File:Swaziland_ClimatePrecip.png |Average Annual Precipitation
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File:Swaziland_ClimateTemp.png |Average Temperature
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</gallery>
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[[File:Swaziland_pre_Monthly.png| 255x124px| Average monthly precipitation for Swaziland showing minimum and maximum (light blue), 25th and 75th percentile (blue), and median (dark blue) rainfall]] [[File:Swaziland_tmp_Monthly.png| 255x124px| Average monthly temperature for Swaziland showing minimum and maximum (orange), 25th and 75th percentile (red), and median (black) temperature]] [[File:Swaziland_pre_Qts.png | 255x124px | Quarterly precipitation over the period 1950-2012]] [[File:Swaziland_pre_Mts.png|255x124px | Monthly precipitation (blue) over the period 2000-2012 compared with the long term monthly average (red)]]
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For further detail on the climate datasets used see the [[Climate | climate resources section]].
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===Surface water===
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{|
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|-
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|
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| [[File:Swaziland_Hydrology.png | frame | Surface Water Map of Swaziland (For more information on the datasets used in the map see the [[Surface water | surface water resources section]])]]
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|}
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===Soil===
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{|
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| [[File:Swaziland_soil.png | frame | Soil Map of Swaziland (For map key and more information on the datasets used in the map see the [[Soil | soil resources section]])]]
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|
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|}
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===Land cover===
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{|
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|-
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| [[File:Swaziland_LandCover.png | frame | Land Cover Map of Swaziland (For map key and more information on the datasets used in the map see the [[Land cover | land cover resources section]])]]
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|}
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==Geology==
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The geology map shows a simplified version of the geology at a national scale. More information is available in the report [http://www.bgs.ac.uk/africagroundwateratlas/fulldetails.cfm?id=AGLA060022 UN (1989)] (see References section, below).
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{|
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|-
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|
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| [[File:Swaziland_Geology.png | frame | Simplified Geology of Swaziland (For more information on the datasets used in the map see the [[Geology | the Geology resources page]])]]
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|}
  
 
==Hydrogeology==
 
==Hydrogeology==
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===[[Aquifer properties]]===
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The hydrogeology map below shows a simplified version of the type and productivity of the main aquifers at a national scale (see [[Aquifer properties| the Aquifer properties resource page]] for more details).
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More information on the hydrogeology of Swaziland is available in the report [http://www.bgs.ac.uk/africagroundwateratlas/fulldetails.cfm?id=AGLA060022 UN (1989)] (see References section, below).
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[[File:Swaziland_Hydrogeology.png]] [[File: Hydrogeology_Key.png | 500x195px]]
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=== Transboundary aquifers===
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For further information about transboundary aquifers, please see the [[Transboundary aquifers | Transboundary aquifers resources page]].
  
===[[Groundwater quality issues | Groundwater quality]]===
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==References==
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==Groundwater use and  management==
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References with more information on the geology and hydrogeology of Swaziland can be accessed through the [http://www.bgs.ac.uk/africagroundwateratlas/searchResults.cfm?title_search=&author_search=&category_search=&country_search=SZ&placeboolean=AND&singlecountry=1 Africa Groundwater Literature Archive].
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===[[Groundwater use]]===
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United Nations. 1989. [http://www.bgs.ac.uk/africagroundwateratlas/fulldetails.cfm?id=AGLA060022 Groundwater in Eastern, Central and Southern Africa: Swaziland]. United Nations Department of Technical Cooperation for Development.  
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===[[Groundwater management]] and [[Transboundary aquifers]]===
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==Return to the index pages==
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[[Africa Groundwater Atlas Home | Africa Groundwater Atlas]] >> [[Hydrogeology by country | Hydrogeology by country]] >> Hydrogeology of Swaziland
  
  

Revision as of 16:47, 22 September 2015

Africa Groundwater Atlas >> Hydrogeology by country >> Hydrogeology of Swaziland


If you have more information on the hydrogeology of Swaziland, please get in touch.


Compilers

Dr Kirsty Upton and Brighid Ó Dochartaigh, British Geological Survey, UK

Geographical Setting

Map of Swaziland (For more information on the datasets used in the map see the geography resources section)

General

Estimated Population in 2013* 1,249,514
Rural Population (% of total) (2013)* 78.7%
Total Surface Area* 17,200 sq km
Agricultural Land (% of total area) (2012)* 71%
Capital City Lobamba (royal / legislative); Mbabane (administrative)
Region Southern Africa
Border Countries Mozambique, South Africa
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal (2013)* 1,042 Million cubic metres
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Agriculture (2013)* 96.6%
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Domestic Use (2013)* 2.6%
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Industry (2013)* 1.2%
Rural Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)* 68.9%
Urban Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)* 93.6%

* Source: World Bank


Climate

Average monthly precipitation for Swaziland showing minimum and maximum (light blue), 25th and 75th percentile (blue), and median (dark blue) rainfall Average monthly temperature for Swaziland showing minimum and maximum (orange), 25th and 75th percentile (red), and median (black) temperature Quarterly precipitation over the period 1950-2012 Monthly precipitation (blue) over the period 2000-2012 compared with the long term monthly average (red)

For further detail on the climate datasets used see the climate resources section.

Surface water


Surface Water Map of Swaziland (For more information on the datasets used in the map see the surface water resources section)

Soil

Soil Map of Swaziland (For map key and more information on the datasets used in the map see the soil resources section)

Land cover

Land Cover Map of Swaziland (For map key and more information on the datasets used in the map see the land cover resources section)


Geology

The geology map shows a simplified version of the geology at a national scale. More information is available in the report UN (1989) (see References section, below).


Simplified Geology of Swaziland (For more information on the datasets used in the map see the the Geology resources page)

Hydrogeology

The hydrogeology map below shows a simplified version of the type and productivity of the main aquifers at a national scale (see the Aquifer properties resource page for more details).

More information on the hydrogeology of Swaziland is available in the report UN (1989) (see References section, below).

Swaziland Hydrogeology.png Hydrogeology Key.png



Transboundary aquifers

For further information about transboundary aquifers, please see the Transboundary aquifers resources page.

References

References with more information on the geology and hydrogeology of Swaziland can be accessed through the Africa Groundwater Literature Archive.

United Nations. 1989. Groundwater in Eastern, Central and Southern Africa: Swaziland. United Nations Department of Technical Cooperation for Development.

Return to the index pages

Africa Groundwater Atlas >> Hydrogeology by country >> Hydrogeology of Swaziland