Hydrogeology of Swaziland

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Africa Groundwater Atlas >> Hydrogeology by country >> Hydrogeology of Swaziland


This page has limited information and needs to be updated. If you have more information on the hydrogeology of Swaziland, please get in touch!


Compilers

Dr Kirsty Upton and Brighid Ó Dochartaigh, British Geological Survey, UK

Please cite this page as: Upton & Ó Dochartaigh, 2016.

Bibliographic reference: Upton, K. & Ó Dochartaigh, B.É. 2016. Africa Groundwater Atlas: Hydrogeology of Swaziland. British Geological Survey. Accessed [date you accessed the information]. http://earthwise.bgs.ac.uk/index.php/Hydrogeology_of_Swaziland

Terms and conditions

The Africa Groundwater Atlas is hosted by the British Geological Survey (BGS) and includes information from third party sources. Your use of information provided by this website is at your own risk. If reproducing diagrams that include third party information, please cite both the Africa Groundwater Atlas and the third party sources. Please see the Terms and Conditions for more information.

Geographical Setting

Swaziland (For more information on the datasets used in the map see the geography resources section)

General

Estimated Population in 2013* 1,249,514
Rural Population (% of total) (2013)* 78.7%
Total Surface Area* 17,200 sq km
Agricultural Land (% of total area) (2012)* 71%
Capital City Lobamba (royal / legislative); Mbabane (administrative)
Region Southern Africa
Border Countries Mozambique, South Africa
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal (2013)* 1,042 Million cubic metres
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Agriculture (2013)* 96.6%
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Domestic Use (2013)* 2.6%
Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Industry (2013)* 1.2%
Rural Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)* 68.9%
Urban Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)* 93.6%

* Source: World Bank


Climate

Average monthly precipitation for Swaziland showing minimum and maximum (light blue), 25th and 75th percentile (blue), and median (dark blue) rainfall Average monthly temperature for Swaziland showing minimum and maximum (orange), 25th and 75th percentile (red), and median (black) temperature Quarterly precipitation over the period 1950-2012 Monthly precipitation (blue) over the period 2000-2012 compared with the long term monthly average (red)

For further detail on the climate datasets used see the climate resources section.

Surface water


major surface water features of Swaziland (For more information on the datasets used in the map see the surface water resources section)

Soil

Soil Map of Swaziland (For map key and more information on the datasets used in the map see the soil resources section)

Land cover

Land Cover Map of Swaziland (For map key and more information on the datasets used in the map see the land cover resources section)


Geology

The geology map shows a simplified version of the geology at a national scale. More information is available in the report UN (1989) (see References section, below).


Simplified Geology of Swaziland (For more information on the datasets used in the map see the the Geology resources page)

Hydrogeology

The hydrogeology map below shows a simplified version of the type and productivity of the main aquifers at a national scale (see the Hydrogeology Map resource page for more details).


More information on the hydrogeology of Swaziland is available in the report United Nations (1989) (see References section, below).


Swaziland Hydrogeology.png Hydrogeology Key.png



Transboundary aquifers

For further information about transboundary aquifers, please see the Transboundary aquifers resources page.

References

References with more information on the geology and hydrogeology of Swaziland can be accessed through the Africa Groundwater Literature Archive.

United Nations. 1989. Groundwater in Eastern, Central and Southern Africa: Swaziland. United Nations Department of Technical Cooperation for Development.

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Africa Groundwater Atlas >> Hydrogeology by country >> Hydrogeology of Swaziland