Editing Hydrogeology of Tanzania

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*9 Lake/River Basin Water Boards – act as a point for data collection, assessment, monitoring and management;
 
*9 Lake/River Basin Water Boards – act as a point for data collection, assessment, monitoring and management;
 
*Drilling and Dam Construction Agency – responsible for government agency drilling of boreholes;
 
*Drilling and Dam Construction Agency – responsible for government agency drilling of boreholes;
*Urban water supply authorities, some of which carry out groundwater monitoring
 
 
* Higher Learning Institutions – responsible for providing groundwater water related courses:
 
* Higher Learning Institutions – responsible for providing groundwater water related courses:
 
**University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM)  
 
**University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM)  
 
**Ardhi University
 
**Ardhi University
 
**Sokoine University of Agriculture and Water Development and Management Institute (Formerly Rwegulurila Water Institute)
 
**Sokoine University of Agriculture and Water Development and Management Institute (Formerly Rwegulurila Water Institute)
 
=== Groundwater monitoring ===
 
 
There is currently no national groundwater monitoring programme in Tanzania, but groundwater levels are monitored in several areas of the country, in some places for a very long time. Groundwater level monitoring of the Makutapora wellfield in the Dodoma region started in 1955; it continues with ten automatic water level recorders installed in monitoring boreholes in the Makutapora Basin. The Ministry of Water has established groundwater monitoring stations in four basins: Pangani, Wami/Ruvu, Internal Drainage Basin (IDB) and Rufiji. Some of these were established with the support of external organisations, including the World Bank and JICA. Groundwater level monitoring is also done in observation wells in Arusha by the Arusha Urban Water Supply Authority, and in TPC-Moshi. Most of these measurements are taken manually on a daily basis. Project-based groundwater level monitoring, which may only last for the duration of the project, has been carried out in various places, including starting in 2017 the Upper Great Ruaha Basin in the southern Highlands by the [http://grofutures.org/article/groundwater-monitoring-established-in-the-upper-great-ruaha-basin-of-tanzania/ UPGro GroFutures project]. 
 
 
The Ministry of Water, through its nine Lake/River Basins, also has a water quality monitoring network. Each Basin is responsible for the management and operation of its respective monitoring network and monitoring is generally carried out on a quarterly basis. Physical, chemical and biological monitoring is carried out through sampling of the following:
 
 
* pH, Electrical Conductivity, Turbidity, Odor, Taste and Temperature;
 
* Nitrate, Nitrite, Sulphate, Fluoride, Iron, Hardness, Alkalinity, and Ammonium;
 
* Total Coliform, Faecal coliform, and E coli.
 
* Bacteriological monitoring is performed in Makutapora only.
 
 
  
 
=== Transboundary aquifers===
 
=== Transboundary aquifers===
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For more general information about transboundary aquifers, please see the [[Transboundary aquifers | Transboundary aquifers resource page]]
 
For more general information about transboundary aquifers, please see the [[Transboundary aquifers | Transboundary aquifers resource page]]
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=== Groundwater monitoring===
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The Ministry of Water has established groundwater monitoring stations in four basins: Pangani, Wami/Ruvu, IDB and Rufiji.
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Groundwater level monitoring is carried out in the Makutapora Basin in the Dodoma region, where ten automatic water level recorders are installed.
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 +
Groundwater level monitoring is also performed in observation wells in Arusha by the Arusha Urban Water Supply Authority and in TPC-Moshi. Most of these measurements are taken manually on a daily basis.
 +
 +
The Ministry of Water, through its nine Lake/River Basins, also has a water quality monitoring network. Each Basin is responsible for the management and operation of its respective monitoring network and monitoring is generally carried out on a quarterly basis. Physical, chemical and biological monitoring is carried out through sampling of the following:
 +
 +
* pH, Electrical Conductivity, Turbidity, Odor, Taste and Temperature;
 +
* Nitrate, Nitrite, Sulphate, Fluoride, Iron, Hardness, Alkalinity, and Ammonium;
 +
* Total Coliform, Faecal coliform, and E coli.
 +
* Bacteriological monitoring is performed in Makutapora only.
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

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