Editing Hydrogeology of Togo

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[[File:CC-BY-SA_logo_88x31.png | frame | This work is licensed under a [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License]]]
 
[[File:CC-BY-SA_logo_88x31.png | frame | This work is licensed under a [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License]]]
 
In historical times, present-day Togo lay between the powerful kingdoms of Ashanti and Dahomey. From the 11th to 16th centuries, various peoples migrated there from neighbouring regions, including Ewe people from the area of present-day Nigeria, who comprise the majority ethnic group today. European slave trading posts were established on the coast in the 16th century. In the late 19th century German claimed control over what was called Togoland, and after World War I this was claimed and divided by Britain and France. British Togoland voted to join the Gold Coast, becoming independent as part of the nation of Ghana in 1957. French Togoland remained separate and became independent as the Togolose Republic in 1960.
 
A military coup in 1963 replaced an elected government, and another coup in 1967 saw Gnassingbé Eyadéma assume the presidency, maintaining a one-party state until 1991, when under political pressure, opposition parties were legalised. Eyadéma remained in power until he died in 2005, and amidst further unrest was replaced by his son, who has won elections since. Anti-government protests that began in August 2017 have faced government suppression.
 
 
Togo’s economy is based on exports of phosphate and commercial plantation agricultural crops, including coffee, cocoa and groundnuts. The phosphate industry was nationalised in the 1970s, but has declined since the 1990s, in part due to falling world prices and increasing foreign competition. Tourism has become less important to the economy since the 1990s because of political issues.
 
 
Togo has relatively high, but seasonal, rainfall. There are no major rivers in much of the country, and many smaller rivers are ephemeral. Groundwater supplies most public water schemes in the country, including many major cities. Groundwater is also widely used in the phosphate and other industries.
 
 
  
 
==Authors==
 
==Authors==
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'''Kpadja Agouda''', Department of Water Resources, Togo
 
'''Kpadja Agouda''', Department of Water Resources, Togo
 
   
 
   
'''Dr Kirsty Upton''', '''Brighid Ó Dochartaigh''', British Geological Survey, UK
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'''Kirsty Upton''', '''Brighid Ó Dochartaigh''', British Geological Survey, UK
  
'''Dr Imogen Bellwood-Howard''', Institute of Development Studies, UK
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'''Imogen Bellwood-Howard''', Institute of Development Studies, UK
  
 
Please cite this page as: Gnazou, Sabi, Tauirou, Akakpo, Agouda, Upton, Ó Dochartaigh and Bellwood-Howard, 2018.
 
Please cite this page as: Gnazou, Sabi, Tauirou, Akakpo, Agouda, Upton, Ó Dochartaigh and Bellwood-Howard, 2018.

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