Difference between revisions of "Hydrogeology of Wales: References"

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{{HofW}}
 
''PUBLISHED''
 
''PUBLISHED''
  
Allen D J, Brewerton L J, Coleby L M, Gibbs B R, Lewis M A, MacDonald A M & Wagstaff S J  1997.  ''The physical properties of major aquifers in England and Wales''.  Environment Agency R&D Publication 8.
+
'''Allen, D J, Brewerton, L J, Coleby, L M, Gibbs, B R, Lewis, M A, MacDonald, A M, and Wagstaff, S J. 1997.''' ''The physical properties of major aquifers in England and Wales''.  Environment Agency R&D Publication, No.8.
  
Appleton P  1974.  Subterranean courses of theRiver Alyn, including Ogof Hesp Alyn, North Wales.  ''Transactions of the British Cave Research Association'', '''1''', 1, 29-42.
+
'''Appleton, P. 1974.''' Subterranean courses of the River Alyn, including Ogof Hesp Alyn, North Wales.  ''Transactions of the British Cave Research Association'', Vol. 1, 29−42.
  
Ball T K & Jones J C  1990.  Speleogenesis in the limestone outcrop north of the South Wales Coalfield: the role of micro-organisms in the oxidation of sulphides and hydrocarbons.  ''Cave Science'', '''17''', 1, 3-8.
+
'''Ball, T K, and Jones, J C. 1990.''' Speleogenesis in the limestone outcrop north of the South Wales Coalfield: the role of micro-organisms in the oxidation of sulphides and hydrocarbons.  ''Cave Science'', Vol. 17, 1, 3−8.
  
Banks D & Robins N S  2002.  ''An introduction to groundwater in crystalline bedrock''.  Norges geologiske undersøkelse, Trondheim.
+
'''Banks, D, and Robins, N S. 2002.''' ''An introduction to groundwater in crystalline bedrock''.  Norges geologiske undersøkelse, Trondheim.
  
Bassett D A  1969.  The study of groundwater, with particular reference to Wales and the Welsh Border.  ''Transactions of the Cardiff Naturalists’ Society'', '''94''', 62-87.
+
'''Bassett, D A. 1969.''' The study of groundwater, with particular reference to Wales and the Welsh Border.  ''Transactions of the Cardiff Naturalists’ Society'', Vol. 94, 62−87.
  
 +
'''Bassett, M G , Deisler, V K , and Nichol, D , (editors) 2005.''' Urban Geology in Wales: 2. ''National Museum of Wales Geological Series, No. 24,'' Cardiff. 262pp.
  
 +
'''BGS,  1986.'''  ''Hydrogeological map of South Wales, Scale 1: 125 000''.  (Keyworth, Nottingham: British Geological Survey.)
  
Bassett, M G , Deisler, V K , and Nichol, D , (eds) 2005. Urban Geology in Wales: 2. ''National'''' Museum'''' of Wales Geological Series No. 24'', Cardiff. 262pp.
+
'''BGS,  1989.''' ''Hydrogeological map of Clwyd and the Cheshire Basin, Scale 1: 100 000''. (Keyworth, Nottingham: British Geological Survey.)
  
 +
'''BGS,  2000'''.  ''Regional geochemistry of Wales and part of west central England: stream sediment and soil''. (Keyworth, Nottingham: British Geological Survey.)
  
 +
'''Brabham, P J.  2004.'''  The Rhondda Valleys: using GIS to visualise the rise and fall of coal mining and its industrial heritage.  193-206 in ''Urban Geology in Wales'', (Cardiff: National Museum of Wales.)
  
BGS 1986.  ''Hydrogeological Map of South Wales, Scale 1: 125 000''. (Keyworth: British Geological Survey)
+
'''Campbell, S, Gunn, J, and Hardwick, P. 1992.'''  Pant-y-Llyn – the first Welsh turlough? ''Earth Science Conservation'', Vol. 31, 3-7.
  
 +
'''CEH/BGS,  2003.''' ''Hydrometric register and statistics 1996-2000.''  (Wallingford, Oxford: Centre for Ecology and Hydrology/British Geological Survey.)
  
 +
'''Coase, A, and Judson, D.  1977.'''  Dan yr Ogof and its associated caves.  ''Transactions of the British Cave Research Association'', Vol. 4, 1/2, 247-344.
  
BGS 1989.  ''Hydrogeological Map of Clwyd and the Cheshire Basin, Scale 1: 100 000''(Keyworth: British Geological Survey)
+
'''Crowther, J. 1989'''Karst geomorphology of South Wales.  20-39 in ''Limestones and Caves of Wales,'' T D Ford (editor), (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.)
  
 +
'''Davies, J R.'''  1991.  Karstification and pedogenisis on a late Dinantion carbonate platform, Anglesey, North Wales.  ''Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society'', Vol, 48, 297-321.
  
 +
'''Davis, P'''. 2003. ''Sacred Springs: In search of the Holy Wells and Spas of Wales''. (Abergavenny: Blorenge Books.)
  
BGS 2000.  ''Regional Geochemistry of Wales and Part of West Central England: stream sediment and soil''. (Keyworth: British Geological Survey).
+
'''Davy, A J, Hiscock, K M, Jones, M L M, Low, R, Robins, N S, and Stratford, C. 2010.''' ''Ecohydrological guidelines for wet dune habitats''. Environment Agency Report Wet Dune Habitats, No.  2.
  
 +
'''Drew, D P, Newson, M D, and Smith, D I.  1970.'''  Water tracing of the Severn Tunnel Great Spring.  ''Proceedings of the University of Bristol Speleological Society'', Vol. 12, 203-212.
  
 +
'''EC, 1991.'''  European Community Nitrates Directive, (91/676/EEC).
  
Brabham P J 2004. The Rhondda Valleys: Using GIS to visualize the rise and fall of coal mining and its industrial heritage.  In: ''Urban Geology in Wales'', National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, pp193-206.
+
'''EC, 2000.''' European Community Water Framework Directive, (2000/60/EC).
  
 +
'''Edmunds, W M.  1986.'''  Geochemistry of geothermal waters in the UK.  In ''Geothermal energy – the potential in the United Kingdom''.  Downing, R A, and Gray, D A (editors). (London: HMSO)
  
 +
'''Edmunds, W M, Robins, N S, and Shand, P.  1998.'''  The saline waters of Llandrindod and Builth, Central Wales.  ''Journal of the Geological Society of London'', Vol, 155, 627-637.
  
Campbell S, Gunn J & Hardwick P  1992.  Pant-y-Llyn – the first Welsh turlough?  ''Earth Science Conservation'', '''31''', 3-7.
+
'''Environment Agency, 2008.''' ''Underground, Under threat: The state of groundwater in England and Wales''. (Bristol: Environment Agency.)
  
 +
'''Environment Agency, 2009.''' ''Water for people and the environment: Water Resource Strategy for Wales''.  (Bristol: Environment Agency.)
  
 +
'''Farr, G, and Bottrell, S H. 2013.'''  The hydrogeology and hydrochemistry of the thermal waters at Taffs Well, South Wales, UK.  ''Cave and Karst Science Transactions of the British Cave Research Association.'' 40 (1). 5-12.
  
CEH/BGS 2003. Hydrometric register and statistics 1996-2000.  ''Centre for Ecology & Hydrology/British Geological Survey'', Wallingford.
+
'''Ford, T D. 1989.'''  The caves of Nant y Glais, Vaynor153-154 in ''Limestones and Caves of Wales.'' T D Ford (editor). (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.)
  
 +
'''Gascoine, W.  1989.'''  The hydrology of the limestone outcrop north of the coalfield. 40-55 in ''Limestones and Caves of Wales'' T D Ford (editor). (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.)
  
 +
'''Gibbons, W.'''  1983.  The Moinian ‘Penmynydd Zone of metamorphism’ in Llyn, North Wales.  ''Geological Journal'', Vol. 18, 21-41.
  
Coase A & Judson D  1977Dan yr Ogof and its associated caves.  ''Transactions of the British Cave Research Association'', '''4''', 1/2, 247-344.
+
'''Greenly, E. 1919.''' The Geology of Anglesey.  ''Memoirs of the geological Survey of England and Wales''.
  
 +
'''Gunn, J.  1992.'''  Hydrogeological contrasts between British Carboniferous Limestone aquifers. 25-42 in ''Hydrogeology of selected Karst regions'', International Association of Hydrogeologists International Contributions to Hydrogeology, No. 13.
  
 +
'''Haria, A H, and Shand, P.  2004.'''  Evidence for deep subsurface flow routing in forested upland Wales: implications for contaminant transport and stream flow generation.  ''Hydrology and Earth Systems Sciences'', Vol. 8, 3, 344-344.
  
Crowther 1989Karst geomorphology of South WalesIn: T D Ford (Editor) ''Limestones and Caves of Wales'', Cambridge University Press, pp 20-39.
+
'''Heathcote, J A, Lewis, R T, and Sutton, J S. 2003.''' Groundwater modelling for the Cardiff Bay Barrage, UK – prediction, implementation of engineering works and validation of model.  ''Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology'', Vol. 36, 2, 159-172.
  
 +
'''Hiscock, K, and Paci, A.  2000'''. Groundwater resources in the Quaternary deposits and Lower Palaeozoic bedrock of the Rheidol catchment, west Wales.  141-155 ''in'' Groundwater in the Celtic Regions: Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology. Robins, N S, and  Misstear, B D R (editors) .  ''Geological Society of London Special Publications'', Vol. 182.
  
 +
'''Hobbs, S L. 1993'''.  The hydrogeology of the Schwyll Spring catchment Area, South Wales.  ''Proceedings of the Bristol Speleological Society'', Vol. 19, 3, 313-335.
  
Davies J R 1991Karstification and pedogenisis on a late Dinantion carbonate platform, Anglesey, North Wales. ''Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society'', '''48''', 297-321.
+
'''Hobbs, S L. 2000.''' Influent rivers: a pollution threat to Schwyll Spring, South Wales? 113-121 ''in'' Groundwater in the Celtic Regions: Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology. Robins, N S, and  Misstear, B D R (editors) .  ''Geological Society of London Special Publications'', Vol. 182.
  
 +
'''Ineson, J.  1967.'''  Groundwater conditions in the Coal measures of the South Wales Coalfield.  ''Water Supply Papers of the Geological Survey of Great Britain,''Hydrogeological Report No. 3.
  
 +
'''Jones, D A and Farr, G. 2015.'''  Natural Resources Wales's monitoring networks for groundwater level and quality: the story so far.  217-225 in'' Urban geology in Wales. 4. ''Bevins, R E, Nichol, D, and Solera, S A (editors)'' . National Museums of Wales Geological Series, ''No. 27.(Cardiff: National Museum of Wales.)
  
Davis P 2003. ''Sacred Springs: In search of the Holy Wells and Spas of Wales''. (Abergavenny: Blorenge Books)
+
'''Jones, F. 1992'''. ''The Holy Wells of Wales''. (Cardiff: University of Wales Press.)
  
 +
'''Jones, H K, Morris,B L, Cheney, C S, Brewerton, L J, Merrin, P D, Lewis, M A, MacDonald, A M, Coleby, L M, Talbot, J C, MacKenzie, A A, Bird, M J, Cunnigham, J, and Robinson, V K. 2000'''  The physical properties of  minor aquifers in England and Wales.  ''British Geological Survey Technical Report,'' WD/00/4.  ''Environment Agency R & D Publication,'' No. 68.
  
 +
'''Jones, N, Walters, M, and Frost, P , 2004'''. Mountains and orefields: metal mining landscapes of mid and north-east Wales. ''Council for British Archaeology Research Report,'' No. 142.
  
Davy A J, Hiscock K M, Jones M L M, Low R, Robins N S & Stratford 2010.  ''Ecohydrological guidelines for wet dune habitats''. Environment Agency Report Wet Dune Habitats 2.
+
'''Kirchner, J W, Feng, X H, and Neal, C.  2001'''. Catchment-scale advection and dispersion as a mechanism for fractal scaling in stream tracer concentrations.  ''Journal of Hydrology'', Vol. 254, 82-101.
  
 +
'''Lambert, A O.  1981.'''  The River Clwyd Augmentation/Abstraction Scheme.  ''Journal of the Institution of Water Engineers and Scientists'', Vol. 35, 125-134.
  
 +
'''Lambert, A O, English, K B, Skinner, A,  Fleet, M, and Wilkinson, W B. 1973.'''  ''Groundwater resources of the Vale of Clwyd''.  ''Water Resources Board, Reading'', Publication No. 20.
  
Drew D P, Newson M D & Smith D I  1970. Water tracing of the Severn Tunnel Great Spring. ''Proceedings of the University of Bristol Speleological Society'', '''12''', 203-212.
+
'''Lovelock, P E R. 1977.''' Aquifer properties of the Permo-Triassic sandstones of the United Kingdom. ''Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Great Britain'', No. 56, 50.
  
 +
'''Maurice, L, and Guilford, T.  2011.'''  The hydrogeology of Ogof Draenen: new insights into a complex multi-catchment karst system from tracer testing.  ''Cave and Karst Science'', Vol. 38, 1, 23-30.
  
 +
'''NRA, 1993'''.  ''Low Flows and Water resources, facts on the top 40 low-flow rivers in England and Wales''.  (Bristol: National Rivers Authority.)
  
EA Wales 2009.  ''Water for people and the environment, water resources strategy for Wales''. Environment Agency, Bristol.
+
'''Neal, C, Robson, A J, Shand, P, Edmunds, W M, Dixon, A J, Buckley, D K, Hill, S, Harrow, M, Neal, M, Wilkinson, J, and Reynolds, B.  1997'''.  The occurrence of groundwater in the Lower Palaeozoic rocks of Central Wales.  ''Hydrology and Earth Systems Sciences'', Vol. 1, 3-18.
  
 +
'''Nichol, D , Bassett, M G,  and Deisler, V K  (editors). 2004.''' Urban Geology in Wales.  ''National Museum of Wales, Cardiff. Geological Series'', No. 23
  
 +
'''Ranwell, D S. 1959.''' Newborough Warren Anglesey. I. The dune system and dune slack habitat. ''Journal of Ecology'', Vol. 47, 571-601.
  
EC 1991European Community Nitrates Directive (91/676/EEC).
+
'''Rees, S B, Bowell, R J, and Wiseman, I2002.'''  Influence of mine hydrogeology on mine water discharge chemistry.  379-390 in Younger, P L, and Robins, N S (editors). ''Mine water hydrogeology and geochemistry''. Geological Society of London Special Publications, No. 198.
  
 +
'''Robins, N S.  1999.'''  Groundwater occurrence in the Lower Palaeozoic and Precambrian rocks of the UK: implications for source protection.  ''Journal of the Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management'', Vol. 13, 6, 447-453.
  
 +
'''Robins, N S.  2005.'''  Fracture flow and preferential groundwater flow paths in hard rocks - illustrations from Precambrian and Lower Palaeozoic strata in Wales.'' 25<sup>th</sup> Anniversary Groundwater Seminar, International Association of Hydrogeologists'', Tullamore, April 2005.
  
EC 2000European Community Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC).
+
'''Robins, N S. 2009'''Regional hydrogeological assessment of Wales.  141-150 in ''Urban Geology in Wales: 3''. Bassett,M G,  Boulton,  H, and Nichol, D  (editors). National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, Geological Series, No. 29.
  
 +
'''Robins, N S, and McKenzie, A A.  2005.'''  Groundwater occurrence and the distribution of wells and springs in Precambrian and Palaeozoic rocks, north-west Anglesey.  ''Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology'', Vol. 38, 1, 83-88.
  
 +
'''Robins, N S, Shand, P, and Merrin, P D.  2000.'''  Shallow groundwater in drift and Lower Palaeozoic bedrock: the Afon Teifi valley in west Wales.  123-131 ''in'' Groundwater in the Celtic Regions: Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology. Robins, N S, and  Misstear, B D R (editors) .  ''Geological Society of London Special Publications'', Vol. 182.
  
Edmunds W M 1986 Geochemistry of geothermal waters in the UKIn: R A Downing and D A Gray (editors) ''Geothermal energy – the potential in the United Kingdom''. (London: HMSO)
+
'''Robins, N S, Davies, J, Cheney, C, and Tribe, E L. 2005.''' Groundwater in a water-rich environment: Wales, a land of plenty.  ''Journal of the Chartered Institution of Water & Environmental Management'', Vol. 19, 1, 62-67.
  
 +
'''Robins, N S, Davies, J, and Dumpleton, S.  2008.'''  Groundwater flow in the South Wales Coalfield – historical data informing 3D modelling.  ''Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology''. Vol. 41, 4, 477-486.
  
 +
'''Shand, P, Edmunds, W M, Wagstaff, S, Flavin, R, and Jones, H K.  1999'''.  Hydrogeochemical processes determining water quality in upland Britain.  '' British Geological Survey, Hydrogeological Report,''.
  
Edmunds W M, Robins N S & Shand P 1998.  The saline waters of Llandrindod and Builth, Central Wales.  ''Journal of the Geological Society'', London, 155, 627-637.
+
'''Shand, P, Darbyshire, D P F, Gooddy, D C,  Darling, W G, Neal C, Haria, A H, and Dixon, A J. 2001.''' The application of Sr isotopes to catchment studes: the Plynlimon upland catchment of Central Wales.  ''Water-Rock Interaction'', Vol. 10, 1577-1580.
  
 +
'''Shapiro, A M.  1993.'''  The influence of heterogeneity in estimates of regional hydraulic properties in fractured crystalline rock.  ''Memoirs of the 24<sup>th</sup> Congress of the International association of Hydrogeologists'', Oslo, 125-129.
  
 +
'''Squirrell, H C, and Downing, R A.  1969.'''  Geology of the South Wales Coalfield, Part 1. The country around Newport (Mon).  ''Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain''.
  
Environment Agency, 2008. ''Underground, Under threat: The state of groundwater in England and Wales''. Environment Agency, Bristol.
+
'''Stratford, C, Ratcliffe, J, Hughes, A G, Roberts, J, and Robins, N S. 2007.''' Complex interaction between shallow groundwater and changing woodland, surface water, grazing and other influences in partly wooded duneland in Anglesey, Wales 2007.'''  '''Proceedings CD XXXV Congress International Association of Hydrogeologists ''Groundwater and Ecosystems'', Lisbon, 17-21 September 2007.
  
 +
'''Stratford, C, Robins, N S, and Hollingham,M. 2009.''' An assessment of the interactions between hydrology, land use and climate change at two coastal dune systems in Wales, UK.  Proceedings of the Second Multidisciplinary Conference on Hydrology and Ecology, Vienna, April 2009 (CD).
  
 +
'''Stratford, T. 1995.''' ''Caves of South Wales: A Caver’s Guide Book.'' (Leicester: Cordee.)
  
Environment Agency, 2009. ''Water for people and the environment: Water Resource Strategy for Wales''.  Environment Agency, Bristol.
+
'''Thomas, L P.''' 1974The Westphalian (Coal Measures) in South Wales. IN: T R Owen (Editor)
  
 +
'''Warren, P T, Price, D, Nutt, M J C, and Smith, E G. 1984'''. Geology of the country around Rhyl and Denbigh. ''Memoir of the British Geological Survey'', Sheets 95 and 107 and parts of sheets 94 and 106 (England and Wales).
  
 +
'''Waters, C N, Price, S J, Davies, J, Tye, A M, Brown, S E, and Schofield, D I.  2005.'''  Urban geology of Swansea-Neath-Port Talbot.  7-22 in  ''Urban Geology in Wales 2''. Bassett, M G, Deisler, V K, and Nichol, D (editors).  ''National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, Geological Series'', No 24.
  
Ford T D  1989. The caves of Nant y Glais, VaynorIn: T D Ford (Editor) ''Limestones and Caves of Wales'', Cambridge University Press, pp 153-154.
+
'''Watson, J W, and Sissons, J B (editors). 1965.''' ''The British Isles a systematic geography''. (London: Thomas Nelson & Sons.)
  
 +
'''Webb, M M.  2000.'''  The water resources of Bardsey, North Wales. 239-246 ''in'' Groundwater in the Celtic Regions: Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology. Robins, N S, and  Misstear, B D R (editors).  ''Geological Society of London Special Publications'', Vol. 182.
  
 +
'''WRB,  1973.'''  Groundwater resources of the Vale of Clwyd.  ''Water Resources Board, Reading''. Publication No. 20,
  
Gascoine W  1989The hydrology of the limestone outcrop north of the coalfieldIn: T D Ford (Editor) ''Limestones and Caves of Wales'', Cambridge University Press, pp 40-55.
+
'''Younger, P L, Jenkins, D A, Rees, S B, Robinson, J, Jarvis, A P, Ralph, J, Johnston, D N, and Coulton, R H2004.''' Mine waters in Wales: pollution, risk management and remediation. 138-154 in ''Urban Geology in Wales''. Nichol,D, Bassett, M G, and Deisler, V K  (editors). National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, Geological Series, No. 23.
  
 
 
Gibbons W  1983.  The Moinian ‘Penmynydd Zone of metamorphism’ in Llyn, NorthWales.  ''Geological Journal'', '''18''', 21-41.
 
 
 
 
Greenly E 1919.  The Geology of Anglesey.  ''Memoires of the geological Survey of England and Wales''.
 
 
 
 
Gunn J  1992.  Hydrogeological contrasts between British Carboniferous Limestone aquifers.  In: ''Hydrogeology of Selected Karst Regions'', International Association of Hydrogeologists International Contributions to Hydrogeology, '''13''', 25-42.
 
 
 
 
Haria A H & Shand P  2004.  Evidence for deep sub-surface flow routing in forested upland Wales: implications for contaminant transport and stream flow generation.  ''Hydrology and Earth Systems Sciences'', '''8''', 3, 344-344.
 
 
 
 
Heathcote J A, Lewis R T & Sutton J S  2003.  Groundwater modelling for the Cardiff Bay Barrage, UK – prediction, implementation of engineering works and validation of model.  ''Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology'', '''36''', 2, 159-172.
 
 
 
 
Hiscock K & Paci A  2000. Groundwater resources in the Quaternary deposits and Lower Palaeozoic bedrock of the Rheidol catchment, west Wales.  In N S Robins & B D R Misstear (editors) ''Groundwater in the Celtic Regions: Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology''.  Geological Society, London, Special Publications, '''182''', 141-155.
 
 
 
 
Hobbs S L 1993.  The hydrogeology of the Schwyll Spring catchment Area, South Wales.  ''Proceedings of the Bristol Speleological Society'', '''19''', 3, 313-335.
 
 
 
 
Hobbs S L  2000.  Influent rivers: a pollution threat to Schwyll Spring, South Wales?  IN N S Robins & B D R Misstear (Editors) ''Groundwater in the Celtic Regions: Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology''.  Geological Society London, Special Publications, '''182''', 113-121.
 
 
 
 
Ineson J  1967.  Ground-water conditions in the Coal measures of the South Wales Coalfield.  Hydrogeological Report No. 3, ''Water Supply Papers of the Geological Survey of Great Britain''.
 
 
 
 
Jones F 1992. ''The Holy Wells of Wales''. (Cardiff: University of Wales Press)
 
 
 
 
Jones H K, Morris B L, Cheney C S, Brewerton L J, Merrin P D, Lewis M A, MacDonald A M, Coleby L M, Talbot J C, MacKenzie A A, Bird M J, Cunnigham J and Robinson V K, 2000  The physical properties of  minor aquifers in England and Wales.  British Geological Survey Technical Report WD/00/4. 234 pp.  Environment Agency R & D Pub.68.
 
 
 
 
Jones N , Walters M and Frost P , 2004. Mountains and Orefields: Metal Mining Landscapes of Mid and North-east Wales. Council for British Archaeology Research Report 142.
 
 
 
 
Kirchner J W, Feng X H & Neal C  2001.  Catchment-scale advection and dispersion as a mechanism for fractal scaling in stream tracer concentrations.  ''Journal of Hydrology'', '''254''', 82-101.
 
 
 
 
Lambert A O, English K B, Skinner A,  Fleet M & Wilkinson W B 1973.  ''Groundwater resources of the Vale of Clwyd''.  Water Resources Board, Reading, Publication No 20.
 
 
 
 
Lambert A O  1981.  The River Clwyd Augmentation/Abstraction Scheme.  ''Journal of the Institution of Water Engineers and Scientists'', '''35''', 125-134.
 
 
 
 
Lovelock P E R 1977. Aquifer properties of the Permo-Triassic sandstones of the United Kingdom. ''Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Great Britain'', No. 56, 50.
 
 
 
 
Maurice L & Guilford T  2011.  The hydrogeology of Ogof Draenen: new insights into a complex multi-catchment karst system from tracer testing.  ''Cave and Karst Science'', '''38''', 1, 23-30.
 
 
 
 
Morris B L, Jones H K, Thomas J E, Stuart M E & Robinson V K (Editors)  2000.  ''The physical properties of minor aquifers in England and Wales''.  Environment Agency R&D Publication 68.
 
 
 
 
NRA 1993.  ''Low Flows and Water resources, Facts on the Top 40 Low Flow Rivers in England and Wales''.  (Bristol: National Rivers Authority)
 
 
 
 
Neal C, Robson A J, Shand P, Edmunds W M, Dixon A J, Buckley D K, Hill S, Harrow M, Neal M, Wilkinson J & Reynolds B  1997.  The occurrence of groundwater in the Lower Palaeozoic rocks of Central Wales.  ''Hydrology and Earth Systems Sciences'', '''1''', 3-18.
 
 
 
 
Nichol, D , Bassett, M G  and Deisler, V K , (eds) 2004. Urban Geology in Wales. 265pp. ''National'''' Museum'''' of Wales Geological Series No. 23'', Cardiff.
 
 
 
 
Ranwell, D.S. 1959. Newborough Warren Anglesey. I. The dune system and dune slack habitat. ''Journal of Ecology'', 47, 571-601.
 
 
 
 
Rees S B, Bowell R J & Wiseman I  2002.  Influence of mine hydrogeology on mine water discharge chemistry.  In: P L Younger & N S Robins (editors) ''Mine water hydrogeology and geochemistry''. Geological Society Special Publications, 198, 379-390.
 
 
 
 
Robins N S  1999.  Groundwater occurrence in the Lower Palaeozoic and Precambrian rocks of the UK: implications for source protection.  ''Journal of the Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management'', '''13''', 6, 447-453.
 
 
 
 
Robins N S  2005.  Fracture flow and preferential groundwater flow paths in hard rocks - illustrations from Precambrian and Lower Palaeozoic strata in Wales.'' 25<sup>th</sup> Anniversary Groundwater Seminar, International Association of Hydrogeologists'', Tullamore, April 2005.
 
 
 
 
Robins N S  2009.  Regional hydrogeological assessment of Wales.  In M G Bassett, H Boulton & D Nichol (Editors): ''Urban Geology in Wales: 3''. National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, Geological Series 29, pp141-150.
 
 
 
 
Robins N S, Shand P & Merrin PD  2000.  Shallow groundwater in drift and Lower Palaeozoic bedrock: the Afon Teifi valley in west Wales.  In N S Robins & B D R Misstear (editors) ''Groundwater in the Celtic regions: Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology''.  Geological Society, London, Special Publications, '''182''', 123-131.
 
 
 
 
Robins N S, Davies J, Cheney C & Tribe E L  2005.  Groundwater in a water-rich environment: Wales, a land of plenty.  ''Journal of the Chartered Institution of Water & Environmental Management'', '''19''', 1, 62-67.
 
 
 
 
Robins N S & McKenzie A A  2005.  Groundwater occurrence and the distribution of wells and springs in Precambrian and Palaeozoic rocks, north-west Anglesey.  ''Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology'', 38, 1, 83-88.
 
 
 
 
Robins N S, Davies, J & Dumpleton S  2008.  Groundwater flow in the South Wales Coalfield – historical data informing 3D modelling.  ''Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology''. 41, 4, 477-486.
 
 
 
 
Shand P, Edmunds W M, Wagstaff S, Flavin R & Jones H K  1999.  Hydrogeochemical processes determining water quality in upland Britain.  ''Hydrogeological Report, British Geological Survey''.
 
 
 
 
Shand P, Darbyshire D P F, Gooddy D C,  Darling W G, Neal C, Haria A H & Dixon A J  2001.  The application of Sr isotopes to catchment studes: the Plynlimon upland catchment of Central Wales.  In: ''Water-Rock Interaction'', 10, 1577-1580. 
 
 
 
 
Shapiro A M  1993.  The influence of heterogeneity in estimates of regional hydraulic properties in fractured crystalline rock.  ''Memoirs of the 24<sup>th</sup> Congress of the International association of Hydrogeologists'', Oslo, 125-129.
 
 
 
 
Squirrell H C & Downing R A  1969  Geology of the South Wales Coalfield, Part 1. The country around Newport (Mon).  ''Memoires of the Geological Survey of Great Britain''.
 
 
 
 
Stratford C, Ratcliffe J, Hughes A G, Roberts J and Robins N S <sup> </sup>2007. Complex interaction between shallow groundwater and changing woodland, surface water, grazing and other influences in partly wooded duneland in Anglesey, Wales 2007.'''  '''Proceedings CD XXXV Congress International Association of Hydrogeologists ''Groundwater and Ecosystems'', Lisbon, 17-21 September 2007.
 
 
 
 
Stratford T 1995. Caves of South Wales: A Caver’s Guide Book. Cordee, Leicester. 149pp
 
 
 
 
Thomas L P  1974.  The Westphalian (Coal Measures) in South Wales.  IN: T R Owen (Editor)
 
 
 
 
Warren P T, Price D, Nutt M J C and Smith E G 1984. Geology of the country around Rhyl and Denbigh. ''Memoir of the British Geological Survey'', Sheets 95 and 107 and parts of sheets 94 and 106 (England and Wales).Watson J W & Sissons J B (Eds.) 1965.  ''The British Isles a systematic geography''.  Thomas Nelson & Sons, London.
 
 
 
 
Waters C N, Price S J, Davies J, Tye A M, Brown SE, & Schofield D I  2005.  Urban geology of Swansea-Neath-Port Talbot.  In: M G Bassett, V K Deisler & D Nichol (editors) Urban Geology in Wales 2, National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, Geological Series No 24, pp 7-22.
 
 
 
 
Webb M M  2000.  The water resources of Bardsey, North Wales.  In: N S Robins and B D R Misstear (Eds) ''Groundwater in the Celtic Regions: Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology''.  Geological Society, London, Special Publications, '''182''', 239-246.
 
 
 
 
WRB  1973.  Groundwater resources of the Vale of Clwyd.  ''Publication No 20, Water Resources Board'', Reading.
 
 
 
 
Younger P L, Jenkins D A, Rees S B, Robinson J, Jarvis A P, Ralph, J, Johnston D N & Coulton R H  2004.  Mine waters in Wales: pollution, risk management and remediation.  In: D Nichol, M G Bassett & V K Deisler (editors) Urban Geology in Wales, National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, Geological Series No. 23, pp 138-154.
 
 
 
 
 
 
<br clear="all">
 
  
 
''UNPUBLISHED''
 
''UNPUBLISHED''
  
 +
'''Aldous, P J.  1988a'''.  Groundwater transport and pollutant pathways in Carboniferous Limestone Aquifers.  The Cardiff-Cowbridge Block: Final report.  WRc Technical Report CO 1820/M/1/EV 8663.
  
 +
'''Aldous, P J.  1988b.'''  Investigation of the geology, hydrogeology and environmental impact of a proposed landfill at Stormy Down – tracer studies.  WRc Technical Report CO 1990/M/EV 8716.
  
+
'''Aspinwall & Co.  1993.''' Vale of Glamorgan Carboniferous Limestone study.  Report for National Rivers Authority, Aspinwall & Co., Shrewsbury.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aldous P J  1988a.  Groundweater transport and pollutant pathways in Carboniferous Limestone Aquifers.  The Cardiff-Cowbridge Block: Final report.  WRc Technical Report CO 1820/M/1/EV 8663.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aldous P J  1988b.  Investigation of the geology, hydrogeology and environmental impact of a proposed landfill at Stormy Down – tracer studies.  WRc Technical Report CO 1990/M/EV 8716.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aspinwall & Co.  1993.  Vale of Glamorgan Carboniferous Limestone study.  Report for National Rivers Authority, Aspinwall & Co., Shrewsbury.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Banks D, Farr G, Inman P, & Low R  2007. Groundwater quality and supply survey for the Precambrian Gwna Group Anglesey. Environment Agency, Bristol, Technical Report.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Banks D, Boland M, Farr G, Inman P & Low R  2008.  Groundwater quality and supply survey for the Carboniferous Limestone, Anglesey. Environment Agency, Bristol, Technical Report.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Burgess WG, Edmunds W M, Andrews J N, Kay R L F & Lee D J.  1980.  The hydrogeology and hydrochemistry of the thermal waters in the bath-Bristol basin.  Institute of Geological Sciences Technical Report (Investigation of the Geothermal Potential of the UK series).
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Celtic Water Management, 2005  Pumping 2004 & 2005: Yield & Sand Ingress Test Pumping.  Technical Report Celtic Water Management, Cardigan, for Dwr Cymru.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cheney C S, Davies J R, Hughes A G, Darling W G & Macdonald D M J  2000.  An assessment of the possible effects of dewatering proposed extensions to quarries in the South Cornelly area, South Wales, British Geological Survey Technical Report WD/00/21.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CWPU 1978  Groundwater resources in the coalfields of England and Wales – the South Wales Coalfield.  Central Water Planning Unit Technical Note.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Entec 1996.  Cardiff Bay Barrage groundwater characterisation.  Technical report Entec Ltd, Shrewsbury.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Entec 2009.  Source protection zone for Lovesgrove boreholes.  Technical report Entec Ltd, Shrewsbury, for Environment Agency Wales.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ESI Ltd 2003. Vale of Clwyd aquifer study Phase 1. Technical report ESI Ltd, Shrewsbury, for Environment Agency Wales.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ESI Ltd  2006. The hydrogeology of three catchments of the River Wye.  Technical report ESI Ltd, Shrewsbury, for Environment Agency Wales.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fahrner S, Gomme J, Farr G & Mann A  Undated. Groundwater quality review: Clwyd Permo-Triassic sandstone. Environment Agency, Bristol, Technical Report.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fahrner S, Gomme J, Davies B & Farr G 2008. Groundwater quality review: The Carboniferous Limestone of the Pembrokeshire Carboniferous Limestone groundwater monitoring unit. Environment Agency, Bristol, Technical Report.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Glendining S J  1981.  Hydrogeological reconnaissance study: Dyfi Valley, Wales.  Institute of Geological Sciences Technical Report ENPU 81-2.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Griffiths K J, Shand P & Ingram J  2002.  Baseline report series 2: The Permo-Triassic sandstones of west Cheshire and the Wirral. British Geological Survey Technical Report CR/02/109.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Howard Humphreys 1984.  The Olwen borehole, Lampeter.  Howard Humphreys & Partners, London.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jones D A 2007.  Hydrogeological investigation of a Carboniferous Limestone aquifer near Rest Bay.  Unpublished MSc Thesis, University of Cardiff.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jones P S  1993.  Ecological and hydrological studies of dune slack vegetation at Kenfig National Nature Reserve, Mid-Glamorgan.  Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Cardiff.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lewis B J, Leighfield K G & Cox S J  2000. The South Wales Coalfield (including the Pembrokeshire Coalfield): A review of mine water recovery. Report Wardell Armstrong for the Coal Authority, job No. NL02906.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Monkhouse R A  1977.  Yields of public wells in the more important aquifers of England and Wales.  Central Water Planning Unit Technical Report 1977/11.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Monkhouse R A  1982.  A note on groundwater in Wales.  Institute of Geological Sciences Technical Report WD/82/3.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Moreau M, Shand P, Wilton N, Brown S & Allen D  2004.  Baseline Report Series 12. The Devonian sandstone aquifer of South Wales and Herefordshire.  British Geological Survey Technical Report CR/04/185.
 
 
 
 
 
  
Rae G W 1978. Mine drainage from coalfields in England and Wales, a summary of its distribution and relationship to water resources.  Central Water Planning Unit Technical Note.
+
'''Banks, D, Farr, G, Inman, P, and Low, R. 2007.''' Groundwater quality and supply survey for the Precambrian Gwna Group Anglesey. Environment Agency, Bristol, Technical Report.
  
 +
'''Banks, D, Boland, M, Farr, G, Inman, P, and Low, R.  2008.'''  Groundwater quality and supply survey for the Carboniferous Limestone, Anglesey. Environment Agency, Bristol, Technical Report.
  
 +
'''Burgess, W G, Edmunds, W M, Andrews J N, Kay R L F, and Lee, D J.  1980.'''  The hydrogeology and hydrochemistry of the thermal waters in the bath-Bristol basin.  Institute of Geological Sciences Technical Report (Investigation of the Geothermal Potential of the UK series).
  
Rae G W  1978Groundwater resources in the coalfields of England and Wales – the South Wales CoalfieldDraft Central Water Planning Unit Technical Note.
+
'''Celtic Water Management, 2005.''' Pumping 2004 & 2005: Yield & Sand Ingress Test PumpingTechnical Report Celtic Water Management, Cardigan, for Dwr Cymru.
  
 +
'''Cheney, C S, Davies, J R, Hughes, A G, Darling, W G, and Macdonald, D M J. 2000.'''  An assessment of the possible effects of dewatering proposed extensions to quarries in the South Cornelly area, South Wales, ''British Geological Survey Technical Report'', WD/00/21.
  
 +
'''CWPU, 1978.'''  Groundwater resources in the coalfields of England and Wales – the South Wales Coalfield.  Central Water Planning Unit Technical Note.
  
Richards H J 1959Draft report on the hydrogeology of the Carboniferous Limestone of WalesGeological Survey Technical Report WD/59/3
+
'''Entec, 1996.''' Cardiff Bay Barrage groundwater characterisation.  Technical report Entec Ltd, Shrewsbury.
  
 +
'''Entec 2009.'''  Source protection zone for Lovesgrove boreholes.  Technical report Entec Ltd, Shrewsbury, for Environment Agency Wales.
  
 +
'''ESI, Ltd. 2003.''' Vale of Clwyd aquifer study Phase 1. Technical report ESI Ltd, Shrewsbury, for Environment Agency Wales.
  
Robertson A S 1974Flow measurements made by IGS in boreholes EP4, EP5, EP7 and EP9 at the Dinorwic Site Llanberis 5-9 March 1974Institute of Geological Sciences Technical Report WD/ST/74/9
+
'''ESI, Ltd2006.''' The hydrogeology of three catchments of the River Wye.  Technical report ESI Ltd, Shrewsbury, for Environment Agency Wales.
  
 +
'''Fahrner, S, Gomme, J, Farr, G, and Mann, A.  Undated.''' Groundwater quality review: Clwyd Permo-Triassic sandstone. Environment Agency, Bristol, Technical Report.
  
 +
'''Fahrner, S, Gomme, J, Davies, B, and Farr, G. 2008.''' Groundwater quality review: The Carboniferous Limestone of the Pembrokeshire Carboniferous Limestone groundwater monitoring unit. Environment Agency, Bristol, Technical Report.
  
Shand P, Edmunds W M, Wagstaff S & Flavin R 1995 The application of hydrogeochemical data and maps for environmental interpretation in upland Britain. British Geological Survey Technical Report WD/94/57.
+
'''Glendining, S J.  1981.'''  Hydrogeological reconnaissance study: Dyfi Valley, Wales.  Institute of Geological Sciences Technical Report, ENPU 81-2.
  
 +
'''Griffiths, K J, Shand, P,and Ingram, J.  2002.'''  Baseline report series 2: The Permo-Triassic sandstones of west Cheshire and the Wirral. ''British Geological Survey Technical Report'', CR/02/109.
  
 +
'''Howard Humphreys, 1984'''.  The Olwen borehole, Lampeter.  Howard Humphreys & Partners, London.
  
Shand P, Abesser C, Farr G, Wilton N, Lapworth D J, Gooddy D C, Haria A & Hargreaves R2005Baseline Report Series 17, The Ordovician and Silurian metasedimentary aquifers of central and south west Wales.  British Geological Survey Technical Report CR/05/34.
+
'''Jones, D A. 2007.''' Hydrogeological investigation of a Carboniferous Limestone aquifer near Rest BayUnpublished MSc Thesis, University of Cardiff.
  
 +
'''Jones, P S.  1993.'''  Ecological and hydrological studies of dune slack vegetation at Kenfig National Nature Reserve, Mid-Glamorgan.  Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Cardiff.
  
 +
'''Lewis, B J, Leighfield, K G, and Cox, S J.  2000.''' The South Wales Coalfield (including the Pembrokeshire Coalfield): A review of mine water recovery. Report Wardell Armstrong for the Coal Authority, job No. NL02906.
  
Shand P, Edmunds W M, Lawrence A R, Smedley P R and Burke S 2007The natural (baseline) quality of groundwater in England and Wales.  British Geological Survey report RR/07/06.
+
'''Monkhouse, R A. 1977.''' Yields of public wells in the more important aquifers of England and Wales.  Central Water Planning Unit Technical Report 1977/11.
  
 +
'''Monkhouse, R A.  1982.'''  A note on groundwater in Wales.  ''Institute of Geological Sciences Technical Report,'' WD/82/3.
  
 +
'''Moreau, M, Shand, P, Wilton, N, Brown, S, and Allen, D.  2004.'''  Baseline Report Series 12. The Devonian sandstone aquifer of South Wales and Herefordshire.  ''British Geological Survey Commissioned Report,'' CR/04/185.
  
Thomas L P, Evans R B & Downing R A 1983The geothermal potential of the Devonian and Carboniferous rocks of South Wales. Institute of Geological Sciences Technical Report (Investigation of the Geothermal Potential of the UK series).
+
'''Rae, G W. 1978a.''' Mine drainage from coalfields in England and Wales, a summary of its distribution and relationship to water resources. Central Water Planning Unit Technical Note.
  
 +
'''Rae, G W.  1978b.'''  Groundwater resources in the coalfields of England and Wales – the South Wales Coalfield.  Draft Central Water Planning Unit Technical Note.
  
 +
'''Richards, H J. 1959.'''  Draft report on the hydrogeology of the Carboniferous Limestone of Wales.  ''Geological Survey Technical Report'', WD/59/3
  
Waters C N, Waters R A, Barclay W J & Davies J R. 2009A lithostratigraphical framework for the Carboniferous successions of southern Great Britain (onshore). British Geological Survey report RR/09/01.
+
'''Robertson, A S. 1974.''' Flow measurements made by IGS in boreholes EP4, EP5, EP7 and EP9 at the Dinorwic Site Llanberis 5-9 March 1974.  ''Institute of Geological Sciences Technical Report'', WD/ST/74/9.
  
 +
'''Shand, P, Edmunds, W M, Wagstaff, S, and Flavin, R. 1995.''' The application of hydrogeochemical data and maps for environmental interpretation in upland Britain. ''British Geological Survey Technical Report'', WD/94/57.
  
 +
'''Shand, P, Abesser, C, Farr, G, Wilton, N, Lapworth, D J, Gooddy, D C, Haria, A, and Hargreaves, R.  2005'''.  Baseline Report Series 17, The Ordovician and Silurian metasedimentary aquifers of central and south west Wales.  ''British Geological Survey Commissioned Report'', CR/05/34.
  
Welsh Office Agriculture Department 1986Letter dated 19 March 1986 from Regional Soil ScientistBGS Wellmaster record SH45/3.
+
'''Shand, P, Edmunds, W M, Lawrence, A R, Smedley, P R, and Burke, S. 2007'''The natural (baseline) quality of groundwater in England and Wales''British Geological Survey Research Report,'' RR/07/06.
  
 +
'''Thomas, L P, Evans, R B, and Downing, R A.  1983'''.  The geothermal potential of the Devonian and Carboniferous rocks of South Wales. ''Institute of Geological Sciences Technical Report'' (Investigation of the Geothermal Potential of the UK series).
  
 +
'''Waters, C N, Waters, R A, Barclay, W J, and Davies, J R. 2009.'''  A lithostratigraphical framework for the Carboniferous successions of southern Great Britain (onshore). ''British Geological Survey Research Report'', RR/09/01.
  
Wilson D, Davies J R, Fletcher C J N & Smith M 1990Geology of the South Wales Coalfield, Part VI, the country around BridgendMemoir of the British geological Survey, Sheets 261 and 262.
+
'''Welsh Office Agriculture Department. 1986.''' Letter dated 19 March 1986 from Regional Soil ScientistBGS Wellmaster record SH45/3.
  
 +
'''Wilson, D; Davies, J R; Fletcher, C J N; and Smith, M.  1990.'''  Geology of the South Wales Coalfield, Part VI, the country around Bridgend.  ''Memoir of the British Geological Survey'', Sheets 261 and 262.
  
 +
'''Wilson, D; Waters, C; and Rollin, K E.  2002'''. A geological and geophysical desk study of the Vale of Clwyd.  ''British Geological Survey Commissioned Report'', CR/02/177.
  
Wilson D, Waters C, Rollin K E  2002. A geological and geophysical desk study of the Vale of Clwyd.  British Geological Survey Technical Report CR/02/177.
+
==Hydrogeology of Wales - contents==
 +
{{HOWpages}}
  
  
  
 
[[category:Hydrogeology of Wales | 045]]
 
[[category:Hydrogeology of Wales | 045]]

Latest revision as of 12:44, 1 February 2017

This page is part of a category of pages that provides an updated review of the occurrence of groundwater throughout Wales.
Author(s): N S Robins and J Davies, British Geological Survey
Contributor(s): D A Jones, Natural Resources Wales and G Farr, British Geological Survey

PUBLISHED

Allen, D J, Brewerton, L J, Coleby, L M, Gibbs, B R, Lewis, M A, MacDonald, A M, and Wagstaff, S J. 1997. The physical properties of major aquifers in England and Wales. Environment Agency R&D Publication, No.8.

Appleton, P. 1974. Subterranean courses of the River Alyn, including Ogof Hesp Alyn, North Wales. Transactions of the British Cave Research Association, Vol. 1, 29−42.

Ball, T K, and Jones, J C. 1990. Speleogenesis in the limestone outcrop north of the South Wales Coalfield: the role of micro-organisms in the oxidation of sulphides and hydrocarbons. Cave Science, Vol. 17, 1, 3−8.

Banks, D, and Robins, N S. 2002. An introduction to groundwater in crystalline bedrock. Norges geologiske undersøkelse, Trondheim.

Bassett, D A. 1969. The study of groundwater, with particular reference to Wales and the Welsh Border. Transactions of the Cardiff Naturalists’ Society, Vol. 94, 62−87.

Bassett, M G , Deisler, V K , and Nichol, D , (editors) 2005. Urban Geology in Wales: 2. National Museum of Wales Geological Series, No. 24, Cardiff. 262pp.

BGS, 1986. Hydrogeological map of South Wales, Scale 1: 125 000. (Keyworth, Nottingham: British Geological Survey.)

BGS, 1989. Hydrogeological map of Clwyd and the Cheshire Basin, Scale 1: 100 000. (Keyworth, Nottingham: British Geological Survey.)

BGS, 2000. Regional geochemistry of Wales and part of west central England: stream sediment and soil. (Keyworth, Nottingham: British Geological Survey.)

Brabham, P J. 2004. The Rhondda Valleys: using GIS to visualise the rise and fall of coal mining and its industrial heritage. 193-206 in Urban Geology in Wales, (Cardiff: National Museum of Wales.)

Campbell, S, Gunn, J, and Hardwick, P. 1992. Pant-y-Llyn – the first Welsh turlough? Earth Science Conservation, Vol. 31, 3-7.

CEH/BGS, 2003. Hydrometric register and statistics 1996-2000. (Wallingford, Oxford: Centre for Ecology and Hydrology/British Geological Survey.)

Coase, A, and Judson, D. 1977. Dan yr Ogof and its associated caves. Transactions of the British Cave Research Association, Vol. 4, 1/2, 247-344.

Crowther, J. 1989. Karst geomorphology of South Wales. 20-39 in Limestones and Caves of Wales, T D Ford (editor), (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.)

Davies, J R. 1991. Karstification and pedogenisis on a late Dinantion carbonate platform, Anglesey, North Wales. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, Vol, 48, 297-321.

Davis, P. 2003. Sacred Springs: In search of the Holy Wells and Spas of Wales. (Abergavenny: Blorenge Books.)

Davy, A J, Hiscock, K M, Jones, M L M, Low, R, Robins, N S, and Stratford, C. 2010. Ecohydrological guidelines for wet dune habitats. Environment Agency Report Wet Dune Habitats, No. 2.

Drew, D P, Newson, M D, and Smith, D I. 1970. Water tracing of the Severn Tunnel Great Spring. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Speleological Society, Vol. 12, 203-212.

EC, 1991. European Community Nitrates Directive, (91/676/EEC).

EC, 2000. European Community Water Framework Directive, (2000/60/EC).

Edmunds, W M. 1986. Geochemistry of geothermal waters in the UK. In Geothermal energy – the potential in the United Kingdom. Downing, R A, and Gray, D A (editors). (London: HMSO)

Edmunds, W M, Robins, N S, and Shand, P. 1998. The saline waters of Llandrindod and Builth, Central Wales. Journal of the Geological Society of London, Vol, 155, 627-637.

Environment Agency, 2008. Underground, Under threat: The state of groundwater in England and Wales. (Bristol: Environment Agency.)

Environment Agency, 2009. Water for people and the environment: Water Resource Strategy for Wales. (Bristol: Environment Agency.)

Farr, G, and Bottrell, S H. 2013. The hydrogeology and hydrochemistry of the thermal waters at Taffs Well, South Wales, UK. Cave and Karst Science Transactions of the British Cave Research Association. 40 (1). 5-12.

Ford, T D. 1989. The caves of Nant y Glais, Vaynor. 153-154 in Limestones and Caves of Wales. T D Ford (editor). (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.)

Gascoine, W. 1989. The hydrology of the limestone outcrop north of the coalfield. 40-55 in Limestones and Caves of Wales T D Ford (editor). (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.)

Gibbons, W. 1983. The Moinian ‘Penmynydd Zone of metamorphism’ in Llyn, North Wales. Geological Journal, Vol. 18, 21-41.

Greenly, E. 1919. The Geology of Anglesey. Memoirs of the geological Survey of England and Wales.

Gunn, J. 1992. Hydrogeological contrasts between British Carboniferous Limestone aquifers. 25-42 in Hydrogeology of selected Karst regions, International Association of Hydrogeologists International Contributions to Hydrogeology, No. 13.

Haria, A H, and Shand, P. 2004. Evidence for deep subsurface flow routing in forested upland Wales: implications for contaminant transport and stream flow generation. Hydrology and Earth Systems Sciences, Vol. 8, 3, 344-344.

Heathcote, J A, Lewis, R T, and Sutton, J S. 2003. Groundwater modelling for the Cardiff Bay Barrage, UK – prediction, implementation of engineering works and validation of model. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, Vol. 36, 2, 159-172.

Hiscock, K, and Paci, A. 2000. Groundwater resources in the Quaternary deposits and Lower Palaeozoic bedrock of the Rheidol catchment, west Wales. 141-155 in Groundwater in the Celtic Regions: Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology. Robins, N S, and Misstear, B D R (editors) . Geological Society of London Special Publications, Vol. 182.

Hobbs, S L. 1993. The hydrogeology of the Schwyll Spring catchment Area, South Wales. Proceedings of the Bristol Speleological Society, Vol. 19, 3, 313-335.

Hobbs, S L. 2000. Influent rivers: a pollution threat to Schwyll Spring, South Wales? 113-121 in Groundwater in the Celtic Regions: Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology. Robins, N S, and Misstear, B D R (editors) . Geological Society of London Special Publications, Vol. 182.

Ineson, J. 1967. Groundwater conditions in the Coal measures of the South Wales Coalfield. Water Supply Papers of the Geological Survey of Great Britain,Hydrogeological Report No. 3.

Jones, D A and Farr, G. 2015. Natural Resources Wales's monitoring networks for groundwater level and quality: the story so far. 217-225 in Urban geology in Wales. 4. Bevins, R E, Nichol, D, and Solera, S A (editors) . National Museums of Wales Geological Series, No. 27.(Cardiff: National Museum of Wales.)

Jones, F. 1992. The Holy Wells of Wales. (Cardiff: University of Wales Press.)

Jones, H K, Morris,B L, Cheney, C S, Brewerton, L J, Merrin, P D, Lewis, M A, MacDonald, A M, Coleby, L M, Talbot, J C, MacKenzie, A A, Bird, M J, Cunnigham, J, and Robinson, V K. 2000 The physical properties of minor aquifers in England and Wales. British Geological Survey Technical Report, WD/00/4. Environment Agency R & D Publication, No. 68.

Jones, N, Walters, M, and Frost, P , 2004. Mountains and orefields: metal mining landscapes of mid and north-east Wales. Council for British Archaeology Research Report, No. 142.

Kirchner, J W, Feng, X H, and Neal, C. 2001. Catchment-scale advection and dispersion as a mechanism for fractal scaling in stream tracer concentrations. Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 254, 82-101.

Lambert, A O. 1981. The River Clwyd Augmentation/Abstraction Scheme. Journal of the Institution of Water Engineers and Scientists, Vol. 35, 125-134.

Lambert, A O, English, K B, Skinner, A, Fleet, M, and Wilkinson, W B. 1973. Groundwater resources of the Vale of Clwyd. Water Resources Board, Reading, Publication No. 20.

Lovelock, P E R. 1977. Aquifer properties of the Permo-Triassic sandstones of the United Kingdom. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, No. 56, 50.

Maurice, L, and Guilford, T. 2011. The hydrogeology of Ogof Draenen: new insights into a complex multi-catchment karst system from tracer testing. Cave and Karst Science, Vol. 38, 1, 23-30.

NRA, 1993. Low Flows and Water resources, facts on the top 40 low-flow rivers in England and Wales. (Bristol: National Rivers Authority.)

Neal, C, Robson, A J, Shand, P, Edmunds, W M, Dixon, A J, Buckley, D K, Hill, S, Harrow, M, Neal, M, Wilkinson, J, and Reynolds, B. 1997. The occurrence of groundwater in the Lower Palaeozoic rocks of Central Wales. Hydrology and Earth Systems Sciences, Vol. 1, 3-18.

Nichol, D , Bassett, M G, and Deisler, V K (editors). 2004. Urban Geology in Wales. National Museum of Wales, Cardiff. Geological Series, No. 23

Ranwell, D S. 1959. Newborough Warren Anglesey. I. The dune system and dune slack habitat. Journal of Ecology, Vol. 47, 571-601.

Rees, S B, Bowell, R J, and Wiseman, I. 2002. Influence of mine hydrogeology on mine water discharge chemistry. 379-390 in Younger, P L, and Robins, N S (editors). Mine water hydrogeology and geochemistry. Geological Society of London Special Publications, No. 198.

Robins, N S. 1999. Groundwater occurrence in the Lower Palaeozoic and Precambrian rocks of the UK: implications for source protection. Journal of the Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management, Vol. 13, 6, 447-453.

Robins, N S. 2005. Fracture flow and preferential groundwater flow paths in hard rocks - illustrations from Precambrian and Lower Palaeozoic strata in Wales. 25th Anniversary Groundwater Seminar, International Association of Hydrogeologists, Tullamore, April 2005.

Robins, N S. 2009. Regional hydrogeological assessment of Wales. 141-150 in Urban Geology in Wales: 3. Bassett,M G, Boulton, H, and Nichol, D (editors). National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, Geological Series, No. 29.

Robins, N S, and McKenzie, A A. 2005. Groundwater occurrence and the distribution of wells and springs in Precambrian and Palaeozoic rocks, north-west Anglesey. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, Vol. 38, 1, 83-88.

Robins, N S, Shand, P, and Merrin, P D. 2000. Shallow groundwater in drift and Lower Palaeozoic bedrock: the Afon Teifi valley in west Wales. 123-131 in Groundwater in the Celtic Regions: Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology. Robins, N S, and Misstear, B D R (editors) . Geological Society of London Special Publications, Vol. 182.

Robins, N S, Davies, J, Cheney, C, and Tribe, E L. 2005. Groundwater in a water-rich environment: Wales, a land of plenty. Journal of the Chartered Institution of Water & Environmental Management, Vol. 19, 1, 62-67.

Robins, N S, Davies, J, and Dumpleton, S. 2008. Groundwater flow in the South Wales Coalfield – historical data informing 3D modelling. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology. Vol. 41, 4, 477-486.

Shand, P, Edmunds, W M, Wagstaff, S, Flavin, R, and Jones, H K. 1999. Hydrogeochemical processes determining water quality in upland Britain. British Geological Survey, Hydrogeological Report,.

Shand, P, Darbyshire, D P F, Gooddy, D C, Darling, W G, Neal C, Haria, A H, and Dixon, A J. 2001. The application of Sr isotopes to catchment studes: the Plynlimon upland catchment of Central Wales. Water-Rock Interaction, Vol. 10, 1577-1580.

Shapiro, A M. 1993. The influence of heterogeneity in estimates of regional hydraulic properties in fractured crystalline rock. Memoirs of the 24th Congress of the International association of Hydrogeologists, Oslo, 125-129.

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Hydrogeology of Wales - contents