Difference between revisions of "Hydrogeology of Wales: References"

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''PUBLISHED''
 
''PUBLISHED''
  
Allen D J, Brewerton L J, Coleby L M, Gibbs B R, Lewis M A, MacDonald A M & Wagstaff S J  1997.  ''The physical properties of major aquifers in England and Wales''.  Environment Agency R&D Publication 8.
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'''Allen, D J, Brewerton, L J, Coleby, L M, Gibbs, B R, Lewis, M A, MacDonald, A M, and Wagstaff, S J. 1997.''' ''The physical properties of major aquifers in England and Wales''.  Environment Agency R&D Publication, No.8.
  
Appleton P  1974.  Subterranean courses of theRiver Alyn, including Ogof Hesp Alyn, North Wales.  ''Transactions of the British Cave Research Association'', '''1''', 1, 29-42.
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'''Appleton, P. 1974.''' Subterranean courses of the River Alyn, including Ogof Hesp Alyn, North Wales.  ''Transactions of the British Cave Research Association'', Vol. 1, 29−42.
  
Ball T K & Jones J C  1990.  Speleogenesis in the limestone outcrop north of the South Wales Coalfield: the role of micro-organisms in the oxidation of sulphides and hydrocarbons.  ''Cave Science'', '''17''', 1, 3-8.
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'''Ball, T K, and Jones, J C. 1990.''' Speleogenesis in the limestone outcrop north of the South Wales Coalfield: the role of micro-organisms in the oxidation of sulphides and hydrocarbons.  ''Cave Science'', Vol. 17, 1, 3−8.
  
Banks D & Robins N S  2002.  ''An introduction to groundwater in crystalline bedrock''.  Norges geologiske undersøkelse, Trondheim.
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'''Banks, D, and Robins, N S. 2002.''' ''An introduction to groundwater in crystalline bedrock''.  Norges geologiske undersøkelse, Trondheim.
  
Bassett D A  1969.  The study of groundwater, with particular reference to Wales and the Welsh Border.  ''Transactions of the Cardiff Naturalists’ Society'', '''94''', 62-87.
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'''Bassett, D A. 1969.''' The study of groundwater, with particular reference to Wales and the Welsh Border.  ''Transactions of the Cardiff Naturalists’ Society'', Vol. 94, 62−87.
  
Bassett, M G , Deisler, V K , and Nichol, D , (eds) 2005. Urban Geology in Wales: 2. ''National'''' Museum'''' of Wales Geological Series No. 24'', Cardiff. 262pp.
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'''Bassett, M G , Deisler, V K , and Nichol, D , (editors) 2005.''' Urban Geology in Wales: 2. ''National Museum of Wales Geological Series, No. 24,'' Cardiff. 262pp.
  
BGS  1986.  ''Hydrogeological Map of South Wales, Scale 1: 125 000''.  (Keyworth: British Geological Survey)
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'''BGS, 1986.''' ''Hydrogeological map of South Wales, Scale 1: 125 000''.  (Keyworth, Nottingham: British Geological Survey.)
  
BGS  1989.  ''Hydrogeological Map of Clwyd and the Cheshire Basin, Scale 1: 100 000''.  (Keyworth: British Geological Survey)
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'''BGS, 1989.''' ''Hydrogeological map of Clwyd and the Cheshire Basin, Scale 1: 100 000''.  (Keyworth, Nottingham: British Geological Survey.)
  
BGS  2000.  ''Regional Geochemistry of Wales and Part of West Central England: stream sediment and soil''. (Keyworth: British Geological Survey).
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'''BGS, 2000'''.  ''Regional geochemistry of Wales and part of west central England: stream sediment and soil''. (Keyworth, Nottingham: British Geological Survey.)
  
Brabham P J  2004.  The Rhondda Valleys: Using GIS to visualize the rise and fall of coal mining and its industrial heritage.  In: ''Urban Geology in Wales'', National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, pp193-206.
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'''Brabham, P J. 2004.''' The Rhondda Valleys: using GIS to visualise the rise and fall of coal mining and its industrial heritage.  193-206 in ''Urban Geology in Wales'', (Cardiff: National Museum of Wales.)
  
Campbell S, Gunn J & Hardwick P  1992.  Pant-y-Llyn – the first Welsh turlough?  ''Earth Science Conservation'', '''31''', 3-7.
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'''Campbell, S, Gunn, J, and Hardwick, P. 1992.''' Pant-y-Llyn – the first Welsh turlough?  ''Earth Science Conservation'', Vol. 31, 3-7.
  
CEH/BGS  2003. Hydrometric register and statistics 1996-2000. ''Centre for Ecology & Hydrology/British Geological Survey'', Wallingford.
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'''CEH/BGS, 2003.''' ''Hydrometric register and statistics 1996-2000.'' (Wallingford, Oxford: Centre for Ecology and Hydrology/British Geological Survey.)
  
Coase A & Judson D  1977.  Dan yr Ogof and its associated caves.  ''Transactions of the British Cave Research Association'', '''4''', 1/2, 247-344.
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'''Coase, A, and Judson, D. 1977.''' Dan yr Ogof and its associated caves.  ''Transactions of the British Cave Research Association'', Vol. 4, 1/2, 247-344.
  
Crowther J  1989.  Karst geomorphology of South Wales.  In: T D Ford (Editor) ''Limestones and Caves of Wales'', Cambridge University Press, pp 20-39.
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'''Crowther, J. 1989'''.  Karst geomorphology of South Wales.  20-39 in ''Limestones and Caves of Wales,'' T D Ford (editor), (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.)
  
Davies J R  1991.  Karstification and pedogenisis on a late Dinantion carbonate platform, Anglesey, North Wales.  ''Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society'', '''48''', 297-321.
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'''Davies, J R.''' 1991.  Karstification and pedogenisis on a late Dinantion carbonate platform, Anglesey, North Wales.  ''Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society'', Vol, 48, 297-321.
  
Davis P 2003. ''Sacred Springs: In search of the Holy Wells and Spas of Wales''. (Abergavenny: Blorenge Books)
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'''Davis, P'''. 2003. ''Sacred Springs: In search of the Holy Wells and Spas of Wales''. (Abergavenny: Blorenge Books.)
  
Davy A J, Hiscock K M, Jones M L M, Low R, Robins N S & Stratford C  2010.  ''Ecohydrological guidelines for wet dune habitats''. Environment Agency Report Wet Dune Habitats 2.
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'''Davy, A J, Hiscock, K M, Jones, M L M, Low, R, Robins, N S, and Stratford, C. 2010.''' ''Ecohydrological guidelines for wet dune habitats''. Environment Agency Report Wet Dune Habitats, No.  2.
  
Drew D P, Newson M D & Smith D I  1970.  Water tracing of the Severn Tunnel Great Spring.  ''Proceedings of the University of Bristol Speleological Society'', '''12''', 203-212.
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'''Drew, D P, Newson, M D, and Smith, D I. 1970.''' Water tracing of the Severn Tunnel Great Spring.  ''Proceedings of the University of Bristol Speleological Society'', Vol. 12, 203-212.
  
EA Wales  2009.  ''Water for people and the environment, water resources strategy for Wales''. Environment Agency, Bristol.
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'''EC, 1991.'''  European Community Nitrates Directive, (91/676/EEC).
  
EC 1991.  European Community Nitrates Directive (91/676/EEC).
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'''EC,  2000.''' European Community Water Framework Directive, (2000/60/EC).
  
EC 2000European Community Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC).
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'''Edmunds, W M.  1986.''' Geochemistry of geothermal waters in the UKIn ''Geothermal energy – the potential in the United Kingdom''.  Downing, R A, and Gray, D A (editors). (London: HMSO)
  
Edmunds W M  1986 Geochemistry of geothermal waters in the UKIn: R A Downing and D A Gray (editors) ''Geothermal energy – the potential in the United Kingdom''. (London: HMSO)
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'''Edmunds, W M, Robins, N S, and Shand, P. 1998.''' The saline waters of Llandrindod and Builth, Central Wales.  ''Journal of the Geological Society of London'', Vol, 155, 627-637.
  
Edmunds W M, Robins N S & Shand P  1998. The saline waters of Llandrindod and Builth, Central Wales''Journal of the Geological Society'', London, 155, 627-637.
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'''Environment Agency, 2008.''' ''Underground, Under threat: The state of groundwater in England and Wales''. (Bristol: Environment Agency.)
  
Environment Agency, 2008. ''Underground, Under threat: The state of groundwater in England and Wales''. Environment Agency, Bristol.
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'''Environment Agency, 2009.''' ''Water for people and the environment: Water Resource Strategy for Wales''. (Bristol: Environment Agency.)
  
Environment Agency, 2009. ''Water for people and the environment: Water Resource Strategy for Wales''. Environment Agency, Bristol.
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'''Farr, G, and Bottrell, S H. 2013.'''  The hydrogeology and hydrochemistry of the thermal waters at Taffs Well, South Wales, UK.  ''Cave and Karst Science Transactions of the British Cave Research Association.'' 40 (1). 5-12.
  
Ford T D  1989.  The caves of Nant y Glais, Vaynor.  In: T D Ford (Editor) ''Limestones and Caves of Wales'', Cambridge University Press, pp 153-154.
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'''Ford, T D. 1989.''' The caves of Nant y Glais, Vaynor.  153-154 in ''Limestones and Caves of Wales.'' T D Ford (editor). (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.)
  
Gascoine W  1989.  The hydrology of the limestone outcrop north of the coalfield. In: T D Ford (Editor) ''Limestones and Caves of Wales'', Cambridge University Press, pp 40-55.
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'''Gascoine, W. 1989.''' The hydrology of the limestone outcrop north of the coalfield. 40-55 in ''Limestones and Caves of Wales'' T D Ford (editor). (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.)
  
Gibbons W  1983.  The Moinian ‘Penmynydd Zone of metamorphism’ in Llyn, NorthWales.  ''Geological Journal'', '''18''', 21-41.
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'''Gibbons, W.''' 1983.  The Moinian ‘Penmynydd Zone of metamorphism’ in Llyn, North Wales.  ''Geological Journal'', Vol. 18, 21-41.
  
Greenly E 1919.  The Geology of Anglesey.  ''Memoires of the geological Survey of England and Wales''.
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'''Greenly, E. 1919.''' The Geology of Anglesey.  ''Memoirs of the geological Survey of England and Wales''.
  
Gunn J  1992.  Hydrogeological contrasts between British Carboniferous Limestone aquifers. In: ''Hydrogeology of Selected Karst Regions'', International Association of Hydrogeologists International Contributions to Hydrogeology, '''13''', 25-42.
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'''Gunn, J. 1992.''' Hydrogeological contrasts between British Carboniferous Limestone aquifers. 25-42 in ''Hydrogeology of selected Karst regions'', International Association of Hydrogeologists International Contributions to Hydrogeology, No. 13.
  
Haria A H & Shand P  2004.  Evidence for deep sub-surface flow routing in forested upland Wales: implications for contaminant transport and stream flow generation.  ''Hydrology and Earth Systems Sciences'', '''8''', 3, 344-344.
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'''Haria, A H, and Shand, P. 2004.''' Evidence for deep subsurface flow routing in forested upland Wales: implications for contaminant transport and stream flow generation.  ''Hydrology and Earth Systems Sciences'', Vol. 8, 3, 344-344.
  
Heathcote J A, Lewis R T & Sutton J S  2003.  Groundwater modelling for the Cardiff Bay Barrage, UK – prediction, implementation of engineering works and validation of model.  ''Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology'', '''36''', 2, 159-172.
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'''Heathcote, J A, Lewis, R T, and Sutton, J S. 2003.''' Groundwater modelling for the Cardiff Bay Barrage, UK – prediction, implementation of engineering works and validation of model.  ''Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology'', Vol. 36, 2, 159-172.
  
Hiscock K & Paci A  2000. Groundwater resources in the Quaternary deposits and Lower Palaeozoic bedrock of the Rheidol catchment, west Wales.  In N S Robins & B D R Misstear (editors) ''Groundwater in the Celtic Regions: Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology''Geological Society, London, Special Publications, '''182''', 141-155.
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'''Hiscock, K, and Paci, A. 2000'''. Groundwater resources in the Quaternary deposits and Lower Palaeozoic bedrock of the Rheidol catchment, west Wales.  141-155 ''in'' Groundwater in the Celtic Regions: Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology. Robins, N S, and  Misstear, B D R (editors) .  ''Geological Society of London Special Publications'', Vol. 182.
  
Hobbs S L 1993.  The hydrogeology of the Schwyll Spring catchment Area, South Wales.  ''Proceedings of the Bristol Speleological Society'', '''19''', 3, 313-335.
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'''Hobbs, S L. 1993'''.  The hydrogeology of the Schwyll Spring catchment Area, South Wales.  ''Proceedings of the Bristol Speleological Society'', Vol. 19, 3, 313-335.
  
Hobbs S L  2000.  Influent rivers: a pollution threat to Schwyll Spring, South Wales?  IN N S Robins & B D R Misstear (Editors) ''Groundwater in the Celtic Regions: Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology''Geological Society London, Special Publications, '''182''', 113-121.
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'''Hobbs, S L. 2000.''' Influent rivers: a pollution threat to Schwyll Spring, South Wales?  113-121 ''in'' Groundwater in the Celtic Regions: Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology. Robins, N S, and  Misstear, B D R (editors) .  ''Geological Society of London Special Publications'', Vol. 182.
  
Ineson J  1967.  Ground-water conditions in the Coal measures of the South Wales Coalfield.  Hydrogeological Report No. 3, ''Water Supply Papers of the Geological Survey of Great Britain''.
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'''Ineson, J. 1967.''' Groundwater conditions in the Coal measures of the South Wales Coalfield.  ''Water Supply Papers of the Geological Survey of Great Britain,''Hydrogeological Report No. 3.
  
Jones F 1992. ''The Holy Wells of Wales''. (Cardiff: University of Wales Press)
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'''Jones, D A and Farr, G. 2015.'''  Natural Resources Wales's monitoring networks for groundwater level and quality: the story so far.  217-225 in'' Urban geology in Wales. 4. ''Bevins, R E, Nichol, D, and Solera, S A (editors)'' . National Museums of Wales Geological Series, ''No. 27.(Cardiff: National Museum of Wales.)  
  
Jones H K, Morris B L, Cheney C S, Brewerton L J, Merrin P D, Lewis M A, MacDonald A M, Coleby L M, Talbot J C, MacKenzie A A, Bird M J, Cunnigham J and Robinson V K, 2000  The physical properties of minor aquifers in England and Wales. British Geological Survey Technical Report WD/00/4. 234 pp.  Environment Agency R & D Pub.68.
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'''Jones, F. 1992'''. ''The Holy Wells of Wales''. (Cardiff: University of Wales Press.)
  
Jones N , Walters M and Frost P , 2004. Mountains and Orefields: Metal Mining Landscapes of Mid and North-east Wales. Council for British Archaeology Research Report 142.
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'''Jones, H K, Morris,B L, Cheney, C S, Brewerton, L J, Merrin, P D, Lewis, M A, MacDonald, A M, Coleby, L M, Talbot, J C, MacKenzie, A A, Bird, M J, Cunnigham, J, and Robinson, V K. 2000'''  The physical properties of minor aquifers in England and Wales. ''British Geological Survey Technical Report,'' WD/00/4.  ''Environment Agency R & D Publication,'' No. 68.
  
Kirchner J W, Feng X H & Neal C  2001.  Catchment-scale advection and dispersion as a mechanism for fractal scaling in stream tracer concentrations.  ''Journal of Hydrology'', '''254''', 82-101.
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'''Jones, N, Walters, M, and Frost, P , 2004'''. Mountains and orefields: metal mining landscapes of mid and north-east Wales. ''Council for British Archaeology Research Report,'' No. 142.
  
Lambert A O, English K B, Skinner AFleet M & Wilkinson W B 1973.  ''Groundwater resources of the Vale of Clwyd''. Water Resources Board, Reading, Publication No 20.
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'''Kirchner, J W, Feng, X H, and Neal, C. 2001'''.  Catchment-scale advection and dispersion as a mechanism for fractal scaling in stream tracer concentrations.  ''Journal of Hydrology'', Vol. 254, 82-101.
  
Lambert A O  1981.  The River Clwyd Augmentation/Abstraction Scheme.  ''Journal of the Institution of Water Engineers and Scientists'', '''35''', 125-134.
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'''Lambert, A O. 1981.''' The River Clwyd Augmentation/Abstraction Scheme.  ''Journal of the Institution of Water Engineers and Scientists'', Vol. 35, 125-134.
  
Lovelock P E R 1977. Aquifer properties of the Permo-Triassic sandstones of the United Kingdom. ''Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Great Britain'', No. 56, 50.
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'''Lambert, A O, English, K B, Skinner, A,  Fleet, M, and Wilkinson, W B. 1973.'''  ''Groundwater resources of the Vale of Clwyd''. ''Water Resources Board, Reading'', Publication No. 20.
  
Maurice L & Guilford T  2011.  The hydrogeology of Ogof Draenen: new insights into a complex multi-catchment karst system from tracer testing.  ''Cave and Karst Science'', '''38''', 1, 23-30.
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'''Lovelock, P E R. 1977.''' Aquifer properties of the Permo-Triassic sandstones of the United Kingdom. ''Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Great Britain'', No. 56, 50.
  
Morris B L, Jones H K, Thomas J E, Stuart M E & Robinson V K (Editors) 2000. ''The physical properties of minor aquifers in England and Wales''. Environment Agency R&D Publication 68.
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'''Maurice, L, and Guilford, T. 2011.''The hydrogeology of Ogof Draenen: new insights into a complex multi-catchment karst system from tracer testing.  ''Cave and Karst Science'', Vol. 38, 1, 23-30.
  
NRA 1993.  ''Low Flows and Water resources, Facts on the Top 40 Low Flow Rivers in England and Wales''.  (Bristol: National Rivers Authority)
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'''NRA, 1993'''.  ''Low Flows and Water resources, facts on the top 40 low-flow rivers in England and Wales''.  (Bristol: National Rivers Authority.)
  
Neal C, Robson A J, Shand P, Edmunds W M, Dixon A J, Buckley D K, Hill S, Harrow M, Neal M, Wilkinson J & Reynolds B  1997.  The occurrence of groundwater in the Lower Palaeozoic rocks of Central Wales.  ''Hydrology and Earth Systems Sciences'', '''1''', 3-18.
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'''Neal, C, Robson, A J, Shand, P, Edmunds, W M, Dixon, A J, Buckley, D K, Hill, S, Harrow, M, Neal, M, Wilkinson, J, and Reynolds, B. 1997'''.  The occurrence of groundwater in the Lower Palaeozoic rocks of Central Wales.  ''Hydrology and Earth Systems Sciences'', Vol. 1, 3-18.
  
Nichol, D , Bassett, M G  and Deisler, V K , (eds) 2004. Urban Geology in Wales. 265pp. ''National'''' Museum'''' of Wales Geological Series No. 23'', Cardiff.
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'''Nichol, D , Bassett, M G, and Deisler, V K (editors). 2004.''' Urban Geology in Wales. ''National Museum of Wales, Cardiff. Geological Series'', No. 23
  
Ranwell, D.S. 1959. Newborough Warren Anglesey. I. The dune system and dune slack habitat. ''Journal of Ecology'', 47, 571-601.
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'''Ranwell, D S. 1959.''' Newborough Warren Anglesey. I. The dune system and dune slack habitat. ''Journal of Ecology'', Vol. 47, 571-601.
  
Rees S B, Bowell R J & Wiseman I  2002.  Influence of mine hydrogeology on mine water discharge chemistry.  In: P L Younger & N S Robins (editors) ''Mine water hydrogeology and geochemistry''. Geological Society Special Publications, 198, 379-390.
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'''Rees, S B, Bowell, R J, and Wiseman, I. 2002.''' Influence of mine hydrogeology on mine water discharge chemistry.  379-390 in Younger, P L, and Robins, N S (editors). ''Mine water hydrogeology and geochemistry''. Geological Society of London Special Publications, No. 198.
  
Robins N S  1999.  Groundwater occurrence in the Lower Palaeozoic and Precambrian rocks of the UK: implications for source protection.  ''Journal of the Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management'', '''13''', 6, 447-453.
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'''Robins, N S. 1999.''' Groundwater occurrence in the Lower Palaeozoic and Precambrian rocks of the UK: implications for source protection.  ''Journal of the Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management'', Vol. 13, 6, 447-453.
  
Robins N S  2005.  Fracture flow and preferential groundwater flow paths in hard rocks - illustrations from Precambrian and Lower Palaeozoic strata in Wales.'' 25<sup>th</sup> Anniversary Groundwater Seminar, International Association of Hydrogeologists'', Tullamore, April 2005.
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'''Robins, N S. 2005.''' Fracture flow and preferential groundwater flow paths in hard rocks - illustrations from Precambrian and Lower Palaeozoic strata in Wales.'' 25<sup>th</sup> Anniversary Groundwater Seminar, International Association of Hydrogeologists'', Tullamore, April 2005.
  
Robins N S  2009.  Regional hydrogeological assessment of Wales.  In M G Bassett, H Boulton & D Nichol (Editors): ''Urban Geology in Wales: 3''. National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, Geological Series 29, pp141-150.
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'''Robins, N S. 2009'''.  Regional hydrogeological assessment of Wales.  141-150 in ''Urban Geology in Wales: 3''. Bassett,M G,  Boulton,  H, and Nichol, D  (editors). National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, Geological Series, No. 29.
  
Robins N S, Shand P & Merrin PD 2000Shallow groundwater in drift and Lower Palaeozoic bedrock: the Afon Teifi valley in west WalesIn N S Robins & B D R Misstear (editors) ''Groundwater in the Celtic regions: Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology''. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, '''182''', 123-131.
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'''Robins, N S, and McKenzie, A A. 2005.''' Groundwater occurrence and the distribution of wells and springs in Precambrian and Palaeozoic rocks, north-west Anglesey.  ''Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology'', Vol. 38, 1, 83-88.
  
Robins N S, Davies J, Cheney C & Tribe E L 2005Groundwater in a water-rich environment: Wales, a land of plenty.  ''Journal of the Chartered Institution of Water & Environmental Management'', '''19''', 1, 62-67.
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'''Robins, N S, Shand, P, and Merrin, P D. 2000.''' Shallow groundwater in drift and Lower Palaeozoic bedrock: the Afon Teifi valley in west Wales.  123-131 ''in'' Groundwater in the Celtic Regions: Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology. Robins, N S, and  Misstear, B D R (editors) .  ''Geological Society of London Special Publications'', Vol. 182.
  
Robins N S & McKenzie A A 2005.  Groundwater occurrence and the distribution of wells and springs in Precambrian and Palaeozoic rocks, north-west Anglesey.  ''Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology'', 38, 1, 83-88.
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'''Robins, N S, Davies, J, Cheney, C, and Tribe, E L. 2005.''' Groundwater in a water-rich environment: Wales, a land of plenty.  ''Journal of the Chartered Institution of Water & Environmental Management'', Vol. 19, 1, 62-67.
  
Robins N S, Davies, J & Dumpleton S  2008.  Groundwater flow in the South Wales Coalfield – historical data informing 3D modelling.  ''Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology''. 41, 4, 477-486.
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'''Robins, N S, Davies, J, and Dumpleton, S. 2008.''' Groundwater flow in the South Wales Coalfield – historical data informing 3D modelling.  ''Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology''. Vol. 41, 4, 477-486.
  
Shand P, Edmunds W M, Wagstaff S, Flavin R & Jones H K  1999.  Hydrogeochemical processes determining water quality in upland Britain.  ''Hydrogeological Report, British Geological Survey''.
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'''Shand, P, Edmunds, W M, Wagstaff, S, Flavin, R, and Jones, H K. 1999'''.  Hydrogeochemical processes determining water quality in upland Britain.  '' British Geological Survey, Hydrogeological Report,''.
  
Shand P, Darbyshire D P F, Gooddy D C,  Darling W G, Neal C, Haria A H & Dixon A J  2001.  The application of Sr isotopes to catchment studes: the Plynlimon upland catchment of Central Wales.  In: ''Water-Rock Interaction'', 10, 1577-1580.   
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'''Shand, P, Darbyshire, D P F, Gooddy, D C,  Darling, W G, Neal C, Haria, A H, and Dixon, A J. 2001.''' The application of Sr isotopes to catchment studes: the Plynlimon upland catchment of Central Wales.  ''Water-Rock Interaction'', Vol. 10, 1577-1580.   
  
Shapiro A M  1993.  The influence of heterogeneity in estimates of regional hydraulic properties in fractured crystalline rock.  ''Memoirs of the 24<sup>th</sup> Congress of the International association of Hydrogeologists'', Oslo, 125-129.
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'''Shapiro, A M. 1993.''' The influence of heterogeneity in estimates of regional hydraulic properties in fractured crystalline rock.  ''Memoirs of the 24<sup>th</sup> Congress of the International association of Hydrogeologists'', Oslo, 125-129.
  
Squirrell H C & Downing R A  1969  Geology of the South Wales Coalfield, Part 1. The country around Newport (Mon).  ''Memoires of the Geological Survey of Great Britain''.
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'''Squirrell, H C, and Downing, R A. 1969.''' Geology of the South Wales Coalfield, Part 1. The country around Newport (Mon).  ''Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain''.
  
Stratford C, Ratcliffe J, Hughes A G, Roberts J and Robins N S <sup> </sup>2007. Complex interaction between shallow groundwater and changing woodland, surface water, grazing and other influences in partly wooded duneland in Anglesey, Wales 2007.'''  '''Proceedings CD XXXV Congress International Association of Hydrogeologists ''Groundwater and Ecosystems'', Lisbon, 17-21 September 2007.
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'''Stratford, C, Ratcliffe, J, Hughes, A G, Roberts, J, and Robins, N S. 2007.''' Complex interaction between shallow groundwater and changing woodland, surface water, grazing and other influences in partly wooded duneland in Anglesey, Wales 2007.'''  '''Proceedings CD XXXV Congress International Association of Hydrogeologists ''Groundwater and Ecosystems'', Lisbon, 17-21 September 2007.
  
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'''Stratford, C, Robins, N S, and Hollingham,M. 2009.''' An assessment of the interactions between hydrology, land use and climate change at two coastal dune systems in Wales, UK. Proceedings of the Second Multidisciplinary Conference on Hydrology and Ecology, Vienna, April 2009 (CD).
  
Stratford, C, Robins, N S, and Hollingham,M. 2009. An assessment of the interactions between hydrology, land use and climate change at two coastal dune systems in Wales, UK.  Proceedings of the Second Multidisciplinary Conference on Hydrology and Ecology, Vienna, April 2009 (CD).
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'''Stratford, T. 1995.''' ''Caves of South Wales: A Caver’s Guide Book.'' (Leicester: Cordee.)
Stratford T 1995. Caves of South Wales: A Caver’s Guide Book. Cordee, Leicester. 149pp
 
  
Thomas L P  1974.  The Westphalian (Coal Measures) in South Wales.  IN: T R Owen (Editor)
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'''Thomas, L P.''' 1974.  The Westphalian (Coal Measures) in South Wales.  IN: T R Owen (Editor)
  
Warren P T, Price D, Nutt M J C and Smith E G 1984. Geology of the country around Rhyl and Denbigh. ''Memoir of the British Geological Survey'', Sheets 95 and 107 and parts of sheets 94 and 106 (England and Wales).Watson J W & Sissons J B (Eds.) 1965.  ''The British Isles a systematic geography''.  Thomas Nelson & Sons, London.
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'''Warren, P T, Price, D, Nutt, M J C, and Smith, E G. 1984'''. Geology of the country around Rhyl and Denbigh. ''Memoir of the British Geological Survey'', Sheets 95 and 107 and parts of sheets 94 and 106 (England and Wales).
  
Waters C N, Price S J, Davies J, Tye A M, Brown SE, & Schofield D I  2005.  Urban geology of Swansea-Neath-Port Talbot.  In: M G Bassett, V K Deisler & D Nichol (editors) Urban Geology in Wales 2, National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, Geological Series No 24, pp 7-22.
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'''Waters, C N, Price, S J, Davies, J, Tye, A M, Brown, S E, and Schofield, D I. 2005.''' Urban geology of Swansea-Neath-Port Talbot.  7-22 in  ''Urban Geology in Wales 2''. Bassett, M G, Deisler, V K, and Nichol, D (editors).  ''National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, Geological Series'', No 24.
  
Webb M M  2000.  The water resources of Bardsey, North Wales.  In: N S Robins and B D R Misstear (Eds) ''Groundwater in the Celtic Regions: Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology''. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, '''182''', 239-246.
+
'''Watson, J W, and Sissons, J B (editors). 1965.'''  ''The British Isles a systematic geography''. (London: Thomas Nelson & Sons.)
  
WRB 1973Groundwater resources of the Vale of Clwyd.  ''Publication No 20, Water Resources Board'', Reading.
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'''Webb, M M. 2000.''' The water resources of Bardsey, North Wales. 239-246 ''in'' Groundwater in the Celtic Regions: Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology. Robins, N S, and  Misstear, B D R (editors).  ''Geological Society of London Special Publications'', Vol. 182.
  
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'''WRB,  1973.'''  Groundwater resources of the Vale of Clwyd.  ''Water Resources Board, Reading''. Publication No. 20,
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'''Younger, P L, Jenkins, D A, Rees, S B, Robinson, J, Jarvis, A P, Ralph, J, Johnston, D N, and Coulton, R H. 2004.''' Mine waters in Wales: pollution, risk management and remediation. 138-154 in ''Urban Geology in Wales''. Nichol,D, Bassett, M G, and Deisler, V K (editors). National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, Geological Series, No. 23.
  
  
 
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'''Banks, D, Farr, G, Inman, P, and Low, R2007.''' Groundwater quality and supply survey for the Precambrian Gwna Group Anglesey. Environment Agency, Bristol, Technical Report.
  
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'''Cheney, C S, Davies, J R, Hughes, A G, Darling, W G, and Macdonald, D M J. 2000.''' An assessment of the possible effects of dewatering proposed extensions to quarries in the South Cornelly area, South Wales, ''British Geological Survey Technical Report'', WD/00/21.
  
Cheney C S, Davies J R, Hughes A G, Darling W G & Macdonald D M J  2000An assessment of the possible effects of dewatering proposed extensions to quarries in the South Cornelly area, South Wales, British Geological Survey Technical Report WD/00/21.
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'''Entec, 1996.''' Cardiff Bay Barrage groundwater characterisation.  Technical report Entec Ltd, Shrewsbury.
  
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'''ESI, Ltd. 2003.''' Vale of Clwyd aquifer study Phase 1. Technical report ESI Ltd, Shrewsbury, for Environment Agency Wales.
  
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+
==Hydrogeology of Wales - contents==
 +
{{HOWpages}}
  
  
  
 
[[category:Hydrogeology of Wales | 045]]
 
[[category:Hydrogeology of Wales | 045]]

Latest revision as of 12:44, 1 February 2017

This page is part of a category of pages that provides an updated review of the occurrence of groundwater throughout Wales.
Author(s): N S Robins and J Davies, British Geological Survey
Contributor(s): D A Jones, Natural Resources Wales and G Farr, British Geological Survey

PUBLISHED

Allen, D J, Brewerton, L J, Coleby, L M, Gibbs, B R, Lewis, M A, MacDonald, A M, and Wagstaff, S J. 1997. The physical properties of major aquifers in England and Wales. Environment Agency R&D Publication, No.8.

Appleton, P. 1974. Subterranean courses of the River Alyn, including Ogof Hesp Alyn, North Wales. Transactions of the British Cave Research Association, Vol. 1, 29−42.

Ball, T K, and Jones, J C. 1990. Speleogenesis in the limestone outcrop north of the South Wales Coalfield: the role of micro-organisms in the oxidation of sulphides and hydrocarbons. Cave Science, Vol. 17, 1, 3−8.

Banks, D, and Robins, N S. 2002. An introduction to groundwater in crystalline bedrock. Norges geologiske undersøkelse, Trondheim.

Bassett, D A. 1969. The study of groundwater, with particular reference to Wales and the Welsh Border. Transactions of the Cardiff Naturalists’ Society, Vol. 94, 62−87.

Bassett, M G , Deisler, V K , and Nichol, D , (editors) 2005. Urban Geology in Wales: 2. National Museum of Wales Geological Series, No. 24, Cardiff. 262pp.

BGS, 1986. Hydrogeological map of South Wales, Scale 1: 125 000. (Keyworth, Nottingham: British Geological Survey.)

BGS, 1989. Hydrogeological map of Clwyd and the Cheshire Basin, Scale 1: 100 000. (Keyworth, Nottingham: British Geological Survey.)

BGS, 2000. Regional geochemistry of Wales and part of west central England: stream sediment and soil. (Keyworth, Nottingham: British Geological Survey.)

Brabham, P J. 2004. The Rhondda Valleys: using GIS to visualise the rise and fall of coal mining and its industrial heritage. 193-206 in Urban Geology in Wales, (Cardiff: National Museum of Wales.)

Campbell, S, Gunn, J, and Hardwick, P. 1992. Pant-y-Llyn – the first Welsh turlough? Earth Science Conservation, Vol. 31, 3-7.

CEH/BGS, 2003. Hydrometric register and statistics 1996-2000. (Wallingford, Oxford: Centre for Ecology and Hydrology/British Geological Survey.)

Coase, A, and Judson, D. 1977. Dan yr Ogof and its associated caves. Transactions of the British Cave Research Association, Vol. 4, 1/2, 247-344.

Crowther, J. 1989. Karst geomorphology of South Wales. 20-39 in Limestones and Caves of Wales, T D Ford (editor), (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.)

Davies, J R. 1991. Karstification and pedogenisis on a late Dinantion carbonate platform, Anglesey, North Wales. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, Vol, 48, 297-321.

Davis, P. 2003. Sacred Springs: In search of the Holy Wells and Spas of Wales. (Abergavenny: Blorenge Books.)

Davy, A J, Hiscock, K M, Jones, M L M, Low, R, Robins, N S, and Stratford, C. 2010. Ecohydrological guidelines for wet dune habitats. Environment Agency Report Wet Dune Habitats, No. 2.

Drew, D P, Newson, M D, and Smith, D I. 1970. Water tracing of the Severn Tunnel Great Spring. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Speleological Society, Vol. 12, 203-212.

EC, 1991. European Community Nitrates Directive, (91/676/EEC).

EC, 2000. European Community Water Framework Directive, (2000/60/EC).

Edmunds, W M. 1986. Geochemistry of geothermal waters in the UK. In Geothermal energy – the potential in the United Kingdom. Downing, R A, and Gray, D A (editors). (London: HMSO)

Edmunds, W M, Robins, N S, and Shand, P. 1998. The saline waters of Llandrindod and Builth, Central Wales. Journal of the Geological Society of London, Vol, 155, 627-637.

Environment Agency, 2008. Underground, Under threat: The state of groundwater in England and Wales. (Bristol: Environment Agency.)

Environment Agency, 2009. Water for people and the environment: Water Resource Strategy for Wales. (Bristol: Environment Agency.)

Farr, G, and Bottrell, S H. 2013. The hydrogeology and hydrochemistry of the thermal waters at Taffs Well, South Wales, UK. Cave and Karst Science Transactions of the British Cave Research Association. 40 (1). 5-12.

Ford, T D. 1989. The caves of Nant y Glais, Vaynor. 153-154 in Limestones and Caves of Wales. T D Ford (editor). (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.)

Gascoine, W. 1989. The hydrology of the limestone outcrop north of the coalfield. 40-55 in Limestones and Caves of Wales T D Ford (editor). (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.)

Gibbons, W. 1983. The Moinian ‘Penmynydd Zone of metamorphism’ in Llyn, North Wales. Geological Journal, Vol. 18, 21-41.

Greenly, E. 1919. The Geology of Anglesey. Memoirs of the geological Survey of England and Wales.

Gunn, J. 1992. Hydrogeological contrasts between British Carboniferous Limestone aquifers. 25-42 in Hydrogeology of selected Karst regions, International Association of Hydrogeologists International Contributions to Hydrogeology, No. 13.

Haria, A H, and Shand, P. 2004. Evidence for deep subsurface flow routing in forested upland Wales: implications for contaminant transport and stream flow generation. Hydrology and Earth Systems Sciences, Vol. 8, 3, 344-344.

Heathcote, J A, Lewis, R T, and Sutton, J S. 2003. Groundwater modelling for the Cardiff Bay Barrage, UK – prediction, implementation of engineering works and validation of model. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, Vol. 36, 2, 159-172.

Hiscock, K, and Paci, A. 2000. Groundwater resources in the Quaternary deposits and Lower Palaeozoic bedrock of the Rheidol catchment, west Wales. 141-155 in Groundwater in the Celtic Regions: Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology. Robins, N S, and Misstear, B D R (editors) . Geological Society of London Special Publications, Vol. 182.

Hobbs, S L. 1993. The hydrogeology of the Schwyll Spring catchment Area, South Wales. Proceedings of the Bristol Speleological Society, Vol. 19, 3, 313-335.

Hobbs, S L. 2000. Influent rivers: a pollution threat to Schwyll Spring, South Wales? 113-121 in Groundwater in the Celtic Regions: Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology. Robins, N S, and Misstear, B D R (editors) . Geological Society of London Special Publications, Vol. 182.

Ineson, J. 1967. Groundwater conditions in the Coal measures of the South Wales Coalfield. Water Supply Papers of the Geological Survey of Great Britain,Hydrogeological Report No. 3.

Jones, D A and Farr, G. 2015. Natural Resources Wales's monitoring networks for groundwater level and quality: the story so far. 217-225 in Urban geology in Wales. 4. Bevins, R E, Nichol, D, and Solera, S A (editors) . National Museums of Wales Geological Series, No. 27.(Cardiff: National Museum of Wales.)

Jones, F. 1992. The Holy Wells of Wales. (Cardiff: University of Wales Press.)

Jones, H K, Morris,B L, Cheney, C S, Brewerton, L J, Merrin, P D, Lewis, M A, MacDonald, A M, Coleby, L M, Talbot, J C, MacKenzie, A A, Bird, M J, Cunnigham, J, and Robinson, V K. 2000 The physical properties of minor aquifers in England and Wales. British Geological Survey Technical Report, WD/00/4. Environment Agency R & D Publication, No. 68.

Jones, N, Walters, M, and Frost, P , 2004. Mountains and orefields: metal mining landscapes of mid and north-east Wales. Council for British Archaeology Research Report, No. 142.

Kirchner, J W, Feng, X H, and Neal, C. 2001. Catchment-scale advection and dispersion as a mechanism for fractal scaling in stream tracer concentrations. Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 254, 82-101.

Lambert, A O. 1981. The River Clwyd Augmentation/Abstraction Scheme. Journal of the Institution of Water Engineers and Scientists, Vol. 35, 125-134.

Lambert, A O, English, K B, Skinner, A, Fleet, M, and Wilkinson, W B. 1973. Groundwater resources of the Vale of Clwyd. Water Resources Board, Reading, Publication No. 20.

Lovelock, P E R. 1977. Aquifer properties of the Permo-Triassic sandstones of the United Kingdom. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, No. 56, 50.

Maurice, L, and Guilford, T. 2011. The hydrogeology of Ogof Draenen: new insights into a complex multi-catchment karst system from tracer testing. Cave and Karst Science, Vol. 38, 1, 23-30.

NRA, 1993. Low Flows and Water resources, facts on the top 40 low-flow rivers in England and Wales. (Bristol: National Rivers Authority.)

Neal, C, Robson, A J, Shand, P, Edmunds, W M, Dixon, A J, Buckley, D K, Hill, S, Harrow, M, Neal, M, Wilkinson, J, and Reynolds, B. 1997. The occurrence of groundwater in the Lower Palaeozoic rocks of Central Wales. Hydrology and Earth Systems Sciences, Vol. 1, 3-18.

Nichol, D , Bassett, M G, and Deisler, V K (editors). 2004. Urban Geology in Wales. National Museum of Wales, Cardiff. Geological Series, No. 23

Ranwell, D S. 1959. Newborough Warren Anglesey. I. The dune system and dune slack habitat. Journal of Ecology, Vol. 47, 571-601.

Rees, S B, Bowell, R J, and Wiseman, I. 2002. Influence of mine hydrogeology on mine water discharge chemistry. 379-390 in Younger, P L, and Robins, N S (editors). Mine water hydrogeology and geochemistry. Geological Society of London Special Publications, No. 198.

Robins, N S. 1999. Groundwater occurrence in the Lower Palaeozoic and Precambrian rocks of the UK: implications for source protection. Journal of the Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management, Vol. 13, 6, 447-453.

Robins, N S. 2005. Fracture flow and preferential groundwater flow paths in hard rocks - illustrations from Precambrian and Lower Palaeozoic strata in Wales. 25th Anniversary Groundwater Seminar, International Association of Hydrogeologists, Tullamore, April 2005.

Robins, N S. 2009. Regional hydrogeological assessment of Wales. 141-150 in Urban Geology in Wales: 3. Bassett,M G, Boulton, H, and Nichol, D (editors). National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, Geological Series, No. 29.

Robins, N S, and McKenzie, A A. 2005. Groundwater occurrence and the distribution of wells and springs in Precambrian and Palaeozoic rocks, north-west Anglesey. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, Vol. 38, 1, 83-88.

Robins, N S, Shand, P, and Merrin, P D. 2000. Shallow groundwater in drift and Lower Palaeozoic bedrock: the Afon Teifi valley in west Wales. 123-131 in Groundwater in the Celtic Regions: Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology. Robins, N S, and Misstear, B D R (editors) . Geological Society of London Special Publications, Vol. 182.

Robins, N S, Davies, J, Cheney, C, and Tribe, E L. 2005. Groundwater in a water-rich environment: Wales, a land of plenty. Journal of the Chartered Institution of Water & Environmental Management, Vol. 19, 1, 62-67.

Robins, N S, Davies, J, and Dumpleton, S. 2008. Groundwater flow in the South Wales Coalfield – historical data informing 3D modelling. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology. Vol. 41, 4, 477-486.

Shand, P, Edmunds, W M, Wagstaff, S, Flavin, R, and Jones, H K. 1999. Hydrogeochemical processes determining water quality in upland Britain. British Geological Survey, Hydrogeological Report,.

Shand, P, Darbyshire, D P F, Gooddy, D C, Darling, W G, Neal C, Haria, A H, and Dixon, A J. 2001. The application of Sr isotopes to catchment studes: the Plynlimon upland catchment of Central Wales. Water-Rock Interaction, Vol. 10, 1577-1580.

Shapiro, A M. 1993. The influence of heterogeneity in estimates of regional hydraulic properties in fractured crystalline rock. Memoirs of the 24th Congress of the International association of Hydrogeologists, Oslo, 125-129.

Squirrell, H C, and Downing, R A. 1969. Geology of the South Wales Coalfield, Part 1. The country around Newport (Mon). Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.

Stratford, C, Ratcliffe, J, Hughes, A G, Roberts, J, and Robins, N S. 2007. Complex interaction between shallow groundwater and changing woodland, surface water, grazing and other influences in partly wooded duneland in Anglesey, Wales 2007. Proceedings CD XXXV Congress International Association of Hydrogeologists Groundwater and Ecosystems, Lisbon, 17-21 September 2007.

Stratford, C, Robins, N S, and Hollingham,M. 2009. An assessment of the interactions between hydrology, land use and climate change at two coastal dune systems in Wales, UK. Proceedings of the Second Multidisciplinary Conference on Hydrology and Ecology, Vienna, April 2009 (CD).

Stratford, T. 1995. Caves of South Wales: A Caver’s Guide Book. (Leicester: Cordee.)

Thomas, L P. 1974. The Westphalian (Coal Measures) in South Wales. IN: T R Owen (Editor)

Warren, P T, Price, D, Nutt, M J C, and Smith, E G. 1984. Geology of the country around Rhyl and Denbigh. Memoir of the British Geological Survey, Sheets 95 and 107 and parts of sheets 94 and 106 (England and Wales).

Waters, C N, Price, S J, Davies, J, Tye, A M, Brown, S E, and Schofield, D I. 2005. Urban geology of Swansea-Neath-Port Talbot. 7-22 in Urban Geology in Wales 2. Bassett, M G, Deisler, V K, and Nichol, D (editors). National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, Geological Series, No 24.

Watson, J W, and Sissons, J B (editors). 1965. The British Isles a systematic geography. (London: Thomas Nelson & Sons.)

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Hydrogeology of Wales - contents