James Geikie LL.D., D.C.L.(Dunelm), F.R.S.(L.X.E.), F.G.S.

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Date Details
1839 Born August 23rd in Edinburgh. Educated at Edinburgh High School and University.
1861 Entered Geological Survey.
1866 Paper to Royal Society Edinburgh “On the buried forests and peat-mosses of Scotland and the changes of climate which they indicate”.
Survey work chiefly in the Lowlands and bordering tracts of Southern Uplands and Highlands – including mapping of Silurian, Old Red Sandstone, Carboniferous and associated igneous rocks.
Holidays devoted to study of glacial phenomena.
1867 Promoted to Geologist.
1869 District Surveyor. Engaged in resurveying of ground for mapping of drift and peat deposits (hitherto omitted from survey maps).
1871-1872 Series of papers to Geological Magazine “On changes of climate during the Glacial Epoch”.
1874 “The Great Ice Age” published.
1882 Resigned from Survey.
Appointed to Chair of Geology at Edinburgh University in succession to A. Geikie. Prepared new text book “Outlines of Geology” (1884).
Set himself to reform teaching geography in schools – Scottish Geographical Society formed for the purpose in 1884.
1884 “Prehistoric Europe”.
1904 Elected President of Scottish Geographical Society. Resigned after 6 years and was awarded the Gold Medal of the Society. For many years acted as Hon. Editor of the “Scottish Geographical Magazine”.
1898 Text book: “Earth sculpture or the origin of land-forms”.
1891-1894 Convenor of Science Degrees Committee at Edinburgh University.
1894 Elected Dean of the Faculty of Science. Twice elected President of a section of British Association (Geography and Geology). Delivered course of lectures at the Lowell Institute in Boston.
1889 Received Brisbane Medal from Royal Society Edinburgh. And Murchison Medal from Geological Society London.
1894 3rd edition of “Great Ice Age” (largely rewritten).
1913 Mountains, their origin, growth and decay”.
1914 “The Antiquity of man in Europe” published form of Munro Lectures in Archaeology delivered at Edinburgh University).
1914 Resigned Professorship, continued President of Royal Society Edinburgh and Hon. Editor of Scottish Geographical Magazine.
1915 Died March 1st.

Biographies and obituaries

Obituary - Archibald Geikie. Born in 1835, died 10th November 1924. Proceedings of the Geologists Association. v. 36 p.191-192. 1925

Evans, J.W. Obituary - Sir Archibald Geikie. [In Anniversary Address.]. Proceedings of the Geological Society in Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society. v. 81 p.lii-lx. 1925

Campbell, Robert., . The late Professor James Geikie, LL.D., D.C.L., F.R.S. [Obituary.]. Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society. v. 11 p.232-235. 1923

Spencer, L.J. Obituary - Sir Archibald Geikie. Born 28th December 1835, died 10th Novemver 1924. Mineralogical Magazine. v. 21 p.234. 1927

Obituary - James Geikie (1939-1915). Mineralogical Magazine. v. 17 p.365. 1916

Obituary - Professor James Geikie, LL.D., D.C.L., F.R.S.L.& E., F.G.S. Born 23rd August 1839, died 1st March 1915. Geologists Magazine. New Series. v. 2 p.192. 1915

Woodward, A.S. Obituary - Professor James Geikie. Born 1839, died 1915. [In Anniversary Address.]. Proceedings of the Geological Society in Quarterly Journal of the

Geological Society. v. 72 p.liii-lv. 1916

Geological Magazine (1913) p. 241

Geology of Yorkshire, Kendall and Wroot p. 438.


Geological Magazine (1913) pp 245-248.

Memoir: contributed to: Girvan (1869).

Memoir: contributed to: Ayr (1869).

Memoir: contributed to: Peebles (1869).

Memoir: contributed to: North Ayrshire (1872).

Memoir: contributed to: Central Lanark (1873).

Memoir: contributed to: Airdrie etc. (1879).

BGS archives

Ref No Title Description
GSM/DC/A/C/7/158,160 J Geikie: Minutes on his appointment.
GSM/DC/A/C/8/135 J Geikie: Letters concerning the appointment and promotion of Geikie.
GSM/DC/A/C/8/135,142 J Geikie: Letters on his promotion.
GSM/DC/A/C/16/127,131 J Geikie: Letters concerning the appointment and promotion of Geikie
GSM/DC/A/C/23/195 J Geikie: Letters on his promotion.
GSM/DR/Ge/A/5 Correspondence on various matters: letters to J.Craik, J.Evans, F.H.Hatch, J.Horne, D.R.Irvine, B...
GSM/GL/Wh/2 Correspondence with other geologists inc. J.Geikie, Jukes-Browne, Rudler and S.V.Wood
GSM/GX/Ha/1 Letters to J Geikie and three printed items "The Lament o' St Giles's Bells", "Early Flint Tools" by "Naturalist" and pages 3-6 of a paper on...
GSM/GX/Hd/1 Letter to J Geikie
GSM/GX/Hr/3/1 Letters to J Geikie, Kitchin, Allen and H B Woodward
GSM/GX/Hs/1 Correspondence: letters to J Geikie about drift deposits of Leicestershire; F.W.Rudler, S.V.Wood...
GSM/GX/Wa/1 Letters from A R Wallace to J Geikie