Joseph Dalton Hooker Sir, O.M., G.C.S.I., M.D., D.C.L., LL.D., F.R.S., F.G.S. etc

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1817 Born June 30th at Hallsworth in Suffolk. Son of Sir William Jackson Hooker. His mother was daughter of Dawson Turner, F.R.S., botanist and antiquary. Sir William Hooker became Professor of Botany at Glasgow University and subsequently Director of the Roya
1817 J.D. Hooker was educated at Glasgow High School and University.
1839 M.D.
1839 Appointed assistant surgeon and naturalist on board H.M.S. “Erebus” in expedition conducted by Sir James Clark Ross to the Antarctic Regions 1839-43. Botanical observations published in 6 volumes (1844-60) – dealt also with New Zealand and Tasmanian flora
1846 Appointed Botanist to Geological Survey, under De la Beche. Published essay “On vegetation of the Carboniferous period, as compared with that of the present day”. Papers in M.G.S.. vol. II part ii 1848, on structure of Stigmaria and of some Lepidostrobi.
Elected F.G.S. (Member of Council 1852-6 and 1860-2, contributed papers to Geological Society on fossil plants).
1847 Resigned from Geological Survey for botanical study in India (1847-51). Results published in “Himalayan Journals” (2 volumes, 1854).
Elected F.R.S. President Royal Society and ex officio and Trustee of the British Museum 1873-78. Medals: Royal Medal (1854); Copley Medal (1887); Darwin Medal (1892).
1855 Appointed Assistant Director of Kew Gardens.
1859 Memoir published “On the flora of Australia, its origin, affinities and distribution, being an introductory essay to the Flora of Tasmania”.
1860 Expedition to Syria and Palestine – botanical work and observatories on glacier moraines).
1865 Appointed Director of Kew Gardens (on death of his father).
1868 President of British Association at Norwich.
1871 Explored parts of Morocco and the Great Atlas with John Ball F.R.S. and George Maw.
1877 Visited the Rocky Mountains and California.
1885 Resigned Directorship of Kew Gardens.
“Index Kewensis” prepared under his direction by Dr. B. Daydon Jackson.
Edited “Journal of Sir Joseph Banks” (left during Captain Cook’s first voyage).
1911 Died December 10th at Sunningdale, Berkshire.

Biographies and obituaries

Watts, W.W. Obituary - Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker, born 1817, died 1911. [In Anniversary Address.]. Proceedings of the Geological Society in Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society. v. 68 p.liii-lviii. 1912

Obituary - Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker, O.M., G.C.S.I., M.D., D.C.L., LL.D., F.R.S., F.G.S., etc. Born 30th June 1817, died 10th December 1911. Geologists Magazine. New Series. v. 9 p.47-48. 1912

Life and Letters by L. Huxley (1918).

Joseph D. Hooker slide collection

Joseph Dalton Hooker — Wikipedia article

Endersby, J. Hooker, Sir Joseph Dalton (1817–1911). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/ref:odnb/33970

Hooker, Sir Joseph Dalton. Dictionary of Falklands Biography including South Georgia. David Tatham

J.D. Hooker (1817–1911). Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 19 July 2015.

Publications

Hooker, J.D.. 1980. Himalayan journals : notes of a naturalist in Bengal, the Sikkim and Nepal Himalayas, the khasia Mountains, &c.: New ed., carefully rev. and condensed. - New Delhi: Today & Tomorrow's

Hooker, J.D.. 1858. On some peculiarities in the structure of Stigmaria. - London: HMSO

Hooker, J.D.. 1858. On the vegetation of the carboniferous period as compared with that of the present day. - London: HMSO

Hooker, J.D.. 1858. Remarks on the structure and affinities of some Lepidostrobi. - London: HMSO

Hooker, J.D.. 1870. The student's flora of the British Islands. - London: Macmillan & Co.

BGS archives

Ref No Title Description
GSM/DC/A/C/3/144 J.D. Hooker: Letters regarding the appointment of Hooker to the Geological Survey.
GSM/DC/A/C/3/386 J.D. Hooker: Letters on leave of absence.
GSM/DC/A/C/11/124 J D Hooker: Letters regarding the appointment of Hooker to the Geological Survey.
GSM/DC/A/C/23/162 J D Hooker: Memorandum on Sub-Wealden exploration.