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==List of Groundwater and Hydrogeology Maps in Africa==
 
==List of Groundwater and Hydrogeology Maps in Africa==
  
The lists below give details of more than 60 groundwater maps of all or parts of Africa, at various scales. Many of these maps are available to view online, and weblinks are provided where relevant.
 
 
If you know of maps that aren't on this list but should be, please let us know! Email us: AfricaGWAtlas@bgs.ac.uk
 
 
===Continental Maps===
 
  
 
{| class = "wikitable"
 
{| class = "wikitable"
 +
|+ Continental Maps
 
|Map Title || Date ||Scale ||Editors ||Publishing Organisation ||Format||Where to find ||Notes
 
|Map Title || Date ||Scale ||Editors ||Publishing Organisation ||Format||Where to find ||Notes
 
|-
 
|-
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|Depth to groundwater  for Africa ||2012 ||nominal 1:20 million || MacDonald et al ||BGS ||xyz tab-delimited text file (easily convertible to raster/grid in GIS) ||[https://www.bgs.ac.uk/research/groundwater/international/africangroundwater/mapsDownload.html Download digital map] ||Part of Quantitative Maps of Africa set. Shows potential groundwater storage as water depth in mm, with 6 classes from 0 to > 50,000 mm
 
|Depth to groundwater  for Africa ||2012 ||nominal 1:20 million || MacDonald et al ||BGS ||xyz tab-delimited text file (easily convertible to raster/grid in GIS) ||[https://www.bgs.ac.uk/research/groundwater/international/africangroundwater/mapsDownload.html Download digital map] ||Part of Quantitative Maps of Africa set. Shows potential groundwater storage as water depth in mm, with 6 classes from 0 to > 50,000 mm
 
|-
 
|-
|Groundwater and river basins of the world ||2012 || ||  ||WHYMAP ||Scanned pdf ||[https://www.un-igrac.org/sites/default/files/resources/files/whymap_ed2015_25m_map.pdf Scanned pdf] ||
+
|Groundwater and river basins of the world ||2012 || ||  ||WHYMAP ||Scanned pdf ||[https://www.un-igrac.org/sites/default/files/resources/files/whymap_ed2015_25m_map.pdf Scanned pdf map]||
 +
|-
 +
|Groundwater resources of the world ||2008 ||1:25 million & 1: 40 million ||  || WHYMAP || Vector shapefile to download;
 +
paper map on poster; available to view in online portal  ||  [https://produktcenter.bgr.de/terraCatalog/OpenSearch.do?search=29949f35-6fe1-4775-bc97-62274a30c70b&type=/Query/OpenSearch.do Shapefile to download] ; [https://www.whymap.org/whymap/EN/Maps_Data/Gwrw/gwrw_node_en.html Scanned pdf map on poster] ; [http://tbamap.un-igrac.org Online map portal] ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Groundwater resources map of Africa||2008 || || || WHYMAP ||Scanned pdf map||[https://www.whymap.org/whymap/EN/Maps_Data/Additional_maps/gwrm_africa_pdf.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=2 Scanned pdf map] ||Extract from ‘Groundwater Resources map of the World
 
|Groundwater resources map of Africa||2008 || || || WHYMAP ||Scanned pdf map||[https://www.whymap.org/whymap/EN/Maps_Data/Additional_maps/gwrm_africa_pdf.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=2 Scanned pdf map] ||Extract from ‘Groundwater Resources map of the World
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Carte hydrogeologique de l’Afrique Hydrogeological map of Africa ||2008 ||1:10 million ||Jean Jaques Seguin et al  ||BRGM || || ||
 
|Carte hydrogeologique de l’Afrique Hydrogeological map of Africa ||2008 ||1:10 million ||Jean Jaques Seguin et al  ||BRGM || || ||
|-
 
|Groundwater resources of the world ||2008 ||1:25 million & 1:40 million ||  ||WHYMAP || ||[https://produktcenter.bgr.de/terraCatalog/OpenSearch.do?search=29949f35-6fe1-4775-bc97-62274a30c70b&type=/Query/OpenSearch.do Vector shapefile to download]; [https://www.whymap.org/whymap/EN/Maps_Data/Gwrw/gwrw_node_en.html Paper map on poster]; [http://tbamap.un-igrac.org Available to view in online portal]. ||
 
|}
 
 
===Regional / Multi-Country===
 
 
{| class = "wikitable"
 
|Map Title || Date ||Scale ||Editors ||Publishing Organisation ||Format||Where to find ||Notes
 
|-
 
|Ramotswa Aquifer ||2018? || ||  ||Ramotswa project consortium ||Created as shapefiles. Available to view in online portal.||[http://ramotswa.un-igrac.org Ramotswa Information Management System] (RIMS) ||Online portal with maps of the Ramotswa aquifer (Botswana + South Africa). Multiple map layers including aquifer boundary, location of springs, groundwater levels and quality parameters, recharge.
 
|-
 
|SADC Hydrogeological map ||2010 ||1:2.5 million || ||Sweco Internationl (Sweden); Council for Geoscience (South Africa); Water Geosciences Consulting (South Africa) and Water Resources Consultants (Botswana). ||Created as shapefiles. ||[https://apps.geodan.nl/igrac/ggis-viewer/viewer/sadcgip/public/default Online map portal] || Hydrogeological map  shows aquifer lithology, flow type and groundwater potential
 
|-
 
|Middle East Hydrogeology / Vorderer Orient Hydrogeologie ||1990 ||1: 8 million ||Schöler et al  ||Universität Tübingen, Germany || ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]||
 
|-
 
|Hydrogeological Map of the Arab Region and Adjacent Areas ||1988 ||1:5 million ||J Khouri & A Droubi  ||Regional Office for Science & Technology in the Arab States, ACSAD; WRD & UNESCO || ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS]||Covers Somalia, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Sudan, Egypt, Libya, (CAR?), Algeria, Morocco, WS, Mauritania,  parts of Mali, Niger & Chad
 
|-
 
|Map of groundwater resource potentiality of West and Central Africa  ||1986 ||1: 5 million ||  ||BRGM Paris || || Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal] ||Combines type of reservoir, mainly based on lithology and potentiality grades, based on number of wells/sources inventoried.
 
|-
 
|North Africa – Tunesia, Algeria||1983 ||1: 1 million || Stuckmann et al ||German Research Society, Berlin || ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]||
 
|-
 
|Carte de Planification des Ressources en Eau du Gabon et du Congo||1982 ||1: 1 million ||  || Comité Interafricain d’Etudes Hydrauliques, Ouagadougou & BRGM, Orléans || ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]  ||Represents ‘renewable resource of aquifers as fraction of mean effective precipitation. Also shows exploitable reserves, main geological formations, rivers, main wells
 
|-
 
|Carte de Planification des ressources en eau du Ghana, du Togo et due Benin  ||1978 ||1:1 million ||Bourgeois||Comite Interafricain d’Etudes Hydrauliques, Ougadougou / BRGM || ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]  ||
 
|-
 
|Carte de planification pour l’exploitation des eaux souterraines de l’Afrique soudano-sahelienne||1976 ||1:1.5 million ||  ||BRGM with Bureau Central d’Etudes pour les equipments Outre-Mer (Mali) & Comite Inter-africain d’Etudes Hydrauliques (Niger) || || ||
 
|-
 
|Groundwater in North and West Africa||1975 ||1:4 million ||  || || ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]||
 
|-
 
|Carte hydrogeologique du Congo Belge et du Ruanda Urundi  ||1957 ||1:5 million || M J Snel ||Service Geologique du Congo Belge || ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]||
 
|}
 
 
===National / Country===
 
 
{| class = "wikitable"
 
|Map Title || Date ||Scale ||Editors ||Publishing Organisation ||Format||Where to find ||Notes
 
|-
 
|MAR suitability map for South Africa ||2009 || ||  ||DWP || ||Available to view in [http://marportal.un-igrac.org online map portal] ||
 
|-
 
|Carte Hydrogeologie de Madagascar||2008 ||1:500,000 ||Davies ||BGS || || ||
 
|-
 
|Hydrogeological Map of the Republic of South Africa ||2004 ||1:2 million ||I du Toit  || Department of Water Affairs & Forestry, Pretoria|| ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]||
 
|-
 
|Hydrogeological Map of Namibia||2001 ||1:1 million ||van Wyk et al  ||Geological Survey Namibia, Department of Water Affairs, Windhoek & Bundesanstalt fur Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (BGR), Hannover || ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]; explanations in report [https://www.bgr.bund.de/EN/Themen/Wasser/Projekte/abgeschlossen/TZ/Namibia/groundwater_namibia.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=3 Groundwater in Namibia] (Christelis and Struckmeier 2001/2011)||
 
|-
 
|Ethiopia: Water security and drought||2001 ||1:3.5 million ||MacDonald et al  ||BGS ||Created in GIS. Available as pdf image ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]||
 
|-
 
|Ile Maurice Carte Geologique au 1:50 000 Schema hydrogeologique||1999 ||1:50,000 ||Giorgi et al||Republique du Maurice; Union Europeene; Ministere des Affaires Etrangers Cooperation et Francophonie || || ||
 
|-
 
|Groundwater harvest potential of the Republic of South Africa ||1996 ||1:3 million ||Seymour et al  ||DWAF, Pretoria || ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]. See also [http://www.dwaf.gov.za DWAF].||
 
|-
 
|Groundwater resources of the Republic of South Africa – Sheet 1 ||1995 ||1: 2.5 million || Vegter et al  ||DWAF, Pretoria || ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]. See also [http://www.dwaf.gov.za DWAF].||
 
|-
 
|Groundwater resources of the Republic of South Africa – Sheet 2 ||1995  ||1: 2.5 million || Vegter et al  ||DWAF, Pretoria || ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]. See also [http://www.dwaf.gov.za DWAF].||
 
|-
 
|Groundwater pollution vulnerability map Republic of Botswana ||1995 ||1:1 million ||Busch & von Hoyer ||Geological Survey Department, Lobatse|| ||Print (hard copy); Scanned PDF ||
 
|-
 
|Hydrogeological map of Lesotho ||>1993 ||1:300,000 ||Arduino et al ||Government of Lesotho Ministry of Natural Resources, Department of Water Affairs, Ground Water Division; Government of Italy General Directorate of Development Cooperation || ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal] ||
 
|-
 
|Groundwater resources of Swaziland -  Hydrogeological Map ||1992 ||1:250,000 ||  ||Canadian International Development Agency; Kingdom of Swaziland Department of Geological Surveys and Mines|| ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr  WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]||
 
|-
 
|Mapa Hidrogeologico de Angola ||1990 ||1:1.5 million ||  ||Hidroprojecto Consultores de Hidraulica e Salubridade SA, Lisboa & MacDonald & Partners Ltd Cambridge || || Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal] ||
 
|-
 
|Hydrogeological map of Tanzania ||1990 ||1:500,000 ||  ||Sir M MacDonald & Partners Ltd, Cambridge with Hidroprojecto Consultores de Hidraulica e Salubridade, SA, Lisboa || ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]||
 
|-
 
|Hydrogeological map of Uganda ||1989 ||1: 1.5 million ||  ||Sir Alexander Gibb and Partners / Institute of Hydrology /  BGS|| ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwrWHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]||
 
|-
 
|Hydrogeological Map of Sudan ||1989 ||1:2 million ||  ||National Corporation for Development of Rural Water Resources, Sudan & TNO-DGV Institute of Applied Geoscience, The Netherlands || ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwrWHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]||
 
|-
 
|Hydrogeological Map of Ethiopia ||1988 ||1:2 million ||Chernet  ||Ethiopian Institute of Geological Surveys, Ministry of Mines and Energy, Addis Abeba || ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]||
 
|-
 
|Hydrogeological Map of Egypt ||1988 ||1:2 million ||  || Research Institute for Groundwater, Giza / Water Research Center, Ministry of Public Works and Water Resources Arab Republic of Egypt|| ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]||
 
|-
 
|Carta Hidrogeologica de Mocambique||1987 ||1:1 million || Ferro & Bouman ||Direccao Nacional de Aguas, Ministerio da Constucao e Aguas, Maputo || || Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]||
 
|-
 
|Groundwater resources map of the Republic of Botswana ||1987 ||1:1 million ||von Hoyer & Struckmeier  ||Geological Survey Department, Lobatse || ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]||
 
|-
 
|Hydrogeological reconnaissance map of Malawi ||1987 ||1:250,000 ||Basali et al  ||Department of Surveys, Blantyre || || ||
 
|-
 
|Zimbabwe Regional Hydrogeological Map ||1986 || 1: 500,000||  ||Ministry of Energy & Water Resources & Development, Harare || ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal] ||
 
|-
 
|Carte de Reconnaissance des Eaux Souterraines de la Republique de Djibouti ||1983 ||1:300,000||Müller et al  ||Service du Genie Rural, Djibouti & BGR, Hannover|| || Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]  ||
 
|-
 
|10 maps of main aquifers in 10 African countries  || 1977||1: 5 million ||  || BRGM|| Paper (hard copy) || ||Funded by EEC and FAC (French Fund for Aid & Cooperation). Based on inventory of docs in CNRS, UNESCO & BRGM. Represents main continuous & discontinuous aquifers, graded according to facies, mean thickness & overall flow rates & water quality
 
|-
 
|Hydrogeological Map - Somalia ||1971 ||1:1 million ||Popov  ||Ministry of Mining & Water Resources, Mogadiscio || ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]||
 
|-
 
|Carte Hydrogeologique de la Republique du Tchad ||1969 ||1:500,000 ||Scheider &  Wolff  || BRGM|| ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]||
 
|-
 
|Groundwater maps of the Kingdom of Libya ||1964 ||1:4 million ||Jones  ||USGS || ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]||
 
|-
 
|Carte de reconnaissance hydrogeologique du Niger Sud Oriental ||1964 ||1:1 million ||F Pirard  ||BRGM || ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]  ||
 
|-
 
|Carte Hydrogeologique du Sud de Madagascar ||1957 ||1:500,000 ||J Aurouze  ||Service Geologique de Madagascar || ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]||
 
|-
 
|Hydrogeological Map of Zambia || ?|| 1:1.5 million|| MacDonald & Partners ||? Geological Survey Department, Lusaka; Department of Water Affairs || ||Scanned image available to view in [https://geoviewer.bgr.de/mapapps4/resources/apps/whymap/index.html?lang=en&tab=whymap_gwr WHYMAP/WHYMIS portal]||
 
|}
 
 
===Sub-national (e.g. district, catchment, aquifer)===
 
 
{| class = "wikitable"
 
|Map Title || Date ||Scale ||Editors ||Publishing Organisation ||Format||Where to find ||Notes
 
|-
 
|Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) suitability map for North Kenya ||2013 || ||  ||Acacia Water || ||Available to view in [http://marportal.un-igrac.org Online Portal] ||
 
|-
 
|Groundwater development potential map for the Northern Region, Ghana ||2011 || ||Ó Dochartaigh et al  ||BGS ||Created in GIS; available only as pdf in report ||[http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/15246/ Ó Dochartaigh et al (2011)]  ||
 
|-
 
|Groundwater availability in Benishangul-Gumuz region, Ethiopia || 2009|| || Ó Dochartaigh ||BGS / RIPPLE||Created in GIS; available only as pdf ||[https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/media/57a08bbde5274a31e0000d30/bgs-mapping-poster.pdf  Ó Dochartaigh (2009)] ||Thematic map on poster with information on how it was developed
 
|-
 
|Groundwater Potential of part of Benishangul-Gumuz region, Ethiopia ||2008 || ||Lemacha ||WaterAid Ethiopia / RIPPLE ||Created in GIS; available only as pdf ||[https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/media/57a08bbeed915d622c000e7d/guide-for-gis-developers.pdf  Lemacha 2008)] ||Thematic map on poster with information on how it was developed
 
|-
 
|Geohydrological Map Series of South Africa ||1998-2002 ||1:500,000 ||Girmann et al || DWAF, Pretoria || || ||
 
|-
 
|Groundwater Potential Maps for Nzega and Tabora study areas, Tanzania ||2002 || ||Davies & Ó Dochartaigh || BGS||Created in GIS; available only as pdf in report ||[http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/505608/ Davies & Ó Dochartaigh (2002)] ||Maps with accompanying table describing geology, groundwater targets, quality and recommended field development techniques
 
|-
 
|Afram Plains Groundwater Development Map ||2002 || ||Davies & Cobbing ||BGS ||Created in GIS; available only as pdf in report ||[http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/505607/  Davies & Cobbing (2002)] ||
 
|-
 
|Groundwater development maps of Oju and Obi Local Areas, eastern Nigeria || 1998||1:100,000 ||MacDonald & Davies ||BGS || Created in GIS; available only as pdf in report||[http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/500112/ MacDonald & Davies (1998)]||
 
|-
 
|37 maps in Abbay river basin, Ethiopia ||1997 || ||BRGM / BCEOM / ISL  || || || ||Maps created for 'Abbay river basin integrated development master plan project'
 
 
|}
 
|}
 
===Unlisted Maps===
 
 
As well as the maps in the lists above, there are other maps at a country or sub-country scale, many of which were produced and/or edited by [https://www.brgm.eu/ '''BRGM''']. The BRGM maps are mainly in Sahelian countries (see the map below). They were produced between 1952 and 2010, and are held in BRGM archives. Most of the maps exist as pdf images; a few are in paper (hard copy) format only. Also in [https://www.brgm.eu/ BRGM]'s archives are more groundwater maps produced by other organisations, most of which are in paper format only. The details of these maps will be added to the lists on this page soon.
 
 
[[File:BRGM_maps_in_Africa.png| 300px|center|thumb|The number of groundwater maps produced and/or edited by [https://www.brgm.eu/ BRGM] in African countries between 1952 and 2010. These maps are held in  [https://www.brgm.eu/ BRGM] archives.]]
 
  
  
[[Africa Groundwater Atlas Home | Africa Groundwater Atlas]] >> [[Additional resources | Resource pages]] >> [[Hydrogeology Maps Of Africa | Hydrogeology and Groundwater Maps of Africa]] >> List of Groundwater and Hydrogeology Maps in Africa
 
  
 +
Return to: [[Africa Groundwater Atlas Home | Africa Groundwater Atlas]] >> [[Additional resources | Resource pages]] >>  [[Hydrogeology Maps Of Africa | Hydrogeology and Groundwater Maps of Africa]]
  
 
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