Difference between revisions of "Material from other sources"

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Revision as of 15:25, 21 August 2013

Any extensive quotations from other publications or the reproduction of previously published illustrations, even if redrawn, require the permission of the original author and publisher or holder of the copyright, and this should be acknowledged. It is the author’s responsibility to ensure that through the Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Manager, BGS obtains such permission; author(s) should do so before submitting copy.

If any materials are to be reproduced and modified in some way, the originator’s express permission is not required. However, as is customary in scientific literature, such materials are always to be acknowledged by ‘ ...after J Bloggs et al. (1985)’, or ‘ ...based upon J Public (1999)’, and sources cited in the normal way in reference lists or a bibliography.


It is legitimate to paraphrase information from other publications without specific permission, but with due acknowledgement. Nevertheless, if the quantity of information is substantial or if there is any element of direct quotation, the prior author’s or publisher’s copyright may be infringed. If in doubt, consult the BGS IPR Manager.


Reproduction of summaries or abstracts without prior permission is authorised by certain journals. There is a special exemption for author abstracts published with an article. They may otherwise be freely republished, as copyright in their content cannot be protected. The reproduction in BGS publications in whole or part of text from summaries or abstracts may, in the view of prior authors, constitute plagiarism, a practice which is not recommended.


If reference is made to unpublished papers and theses other than those actually in the press, or to opinions given verbally, the author’s permission must be obtained and the source indicated.


Single quotation marks will normally be used where quotations are made. Double quotation marks are used for quotations within quotations.


The author must ensure that via the IPR Manager, BGS obtains the prior written permission of the copyright holder when photographs other than official BGS photographs are used and suitable acknowledgement must be made in the publication. A royalty may be payable.


Corporate guidance on the format of NERC copyright acknowledgements to accompany BGS photograhs is available.


Quotations must use the exact words and punctuation of the original. The omission of any words would be indicated by three full points (an ellipsis).


If you doubt the spelling or use of a word, you can add [sic] after it. Any additions you make should be placed in square brackets.


Quotations should be made in the original language and an English translation added where necessary.