Hydrogeology of Mauritania
This page has limited information and needs to be updated. If you have more information on the hydrogeology of Mauritania, please get in touch!
Dr Kirsty Upton and Brighid Ó Dochartaigh, British Geological Survey, UK
Please cite this page as: Upton & Ó Dochartaigh, 2016.
Bibliographic reference: Upton, K. & Ó Dochartaigh, B.É. 2016. Africa Groundwater Atlas: Hydrogeology of Mauritania. British Geological Survey. Accessed [date you accessed the information]. http://earthwise.bgs.ac.uk/index.php/Hydrogeology_of_Mauritania
Terms and conditions
|Estimated Population in 2013*||3,889,880|
|Rural Population (% of total) (2013)*||41.4%|
|Total Surface Area*||1,030,700 sq km|
|Agricultural Land (% of total area) (2012)*||38.5%|
|Border Countries||Western Sahara, Algeria, Mali, Senegal|
|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal (2013)*||1,350 Million cubic metres|
|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Agriculture (2013)*||90.6%|
|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Domestic Use (2013)*||7.1%|
|Annual Freshwater Withdrawal for Industry (2013)*||2.4%|
|Rural Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)*||47.7%|
|Urban Population with Access to Improved Water Source (2012)*||52.3%|
* Source: World Bank
More information on average rainfall and temperature for each of the climate zones in Mauritania can be seen at the Mauritania climate page.
These maps and graphs were developed from the CRU TS 3.21 dataset produced by the Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia, UK. For more information see the climate resource page.
The geology map on this page shows a simplified version of the geology at a national scale (see the Geology resource page for more details). More information is available in the report UN (1988) (see References section, below).
The hydrogeology map below shows a simplified overview of the type and productivity of the main aquifers at a national scale (see the Hydrogeology map resource page for more details).
More information on the hydrogeology of Mauritania is available in the report United Nations (1988) (see References section, below).
A water point database exists, with entries for nearly 14,000 boreholes and both traditional and modern wells, but has little supporting information (such as geological logs or records of groundwater levels).
For further information about transboundary aquifers, please see the Transboundary aquifers resources page.
References with more information on the geology and hydrogeology of Mauritania can be accessed through the Africa Groundwater Literature Archive.
United Nations. 1988. Groundwater in North and West Africa: Mauritania. United Nations Department of Technical Cooperation for Development and Economic Commission for Africa.